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Measuring Sustainable Development for Post 2015 in Senegal

This report reveals Senegal’s national-level priorities under the post-2015 agenda and includes an assessment of the adequacy of data available for measuring post-2015 progress. In consultation with national stakeholders, IPAR identified opportunit…

Poverty, Youth and Rural - Urban Migration in Ethiopia

Poverty and lack of opportunity in rural Ethiopia drives migration. This paper explores how poor rural-urban migrants fare in the cities of Ethiopia, what the outcomes of migration are in the short term, and what migrants hope to achieve in the lon…

Evidence from Three Models of Land and Agricultural Commercialisation: Impacts on Local Livelihoods in Zambia

"This policy brief summarises the findings of a research project that focused on three agricultural models in Zambia by comparing three case studies: Zambeef, (large-scale plantation model) in Kafue district in Lusaka province; Mkushi farm block (me…

Gender and Livelihoods in Commercial Sugarcane Production: A Case Study of Contract Farming in Magobbo, Zambia

"This paper presents a case study of farmers’ recent transition from growing traditional crops to cultivating sugarcane under a contract farming arrangement in Magobbo, Zambia. Responding to the need for a greater understanding of how the expansion…

Rationale and Capacity of Pastoral Community Innovative Adaptation to Climate Change in Ethiopia

"This study was undertaken in Afar and Somali Regional States to assess the rationale and competence of pastoral community innovative adaptation to climate change impact. Focus group discussion (FDG), individual interviews and key informant intervie…

Incidence of Indigenous, Emerging and Innovative Climate Change Adaptation Practices for Smallholder Farmers' Livelihood Security in Chikhwawa District, Southern Malawi

"Prolonged dry spells or droughts and floods as a result of climate change are a serious problem for smallholder farmers in Malawi, because agriculture is their main livelihood strategy. Food shortages and low income levels due to climate change …

Seed Systems and Climate Change: Exploring Perceptions and Options for Building Resilience of Farmer Seed Systems in Uganda

"Given the challenges facing agriculture resulting from climate change, building resilience is a priority. Seed systems are an important area for enhancing such resilience as seed security has direct links to food security, and resilient livelihoods…

Incidence of Indigenous, Emerging and Innovative Climate Change Adaptation Practices for Smallholder Farmers' Livelihood Security in Chikhwawa District, Southern Malawi

Dry spells or drought and floods as a result of climate change is a serious problem for smallholder farmers in Malawi because agriculture is their main livelihood. Food shortages and low income levels mean inability of farmers to participate in day …

Machobane Farming System and its Relevance to Climate Change Policy in Lesotho

"Lesotho is heavily influenced by a variety of competing weather systems because of its high elevation that range from 1,388 to 3,482m above sea level.These climatic conditions make Lesotho to be highly vulnerable to climate change impacts. The coun…

Challenging the Stereotypes: Small-scale black Farmers and Private Sector Support Programmes in South Africa A National scan

All farmers in South Africa face severe economic and other pressures, and even large-scale and well-resourced producers face significant challenges in meeting the demands of highly competitive global markets. At the same time, state policies do not…

Space, Markets and Employment in Agricultural Development: South Africa Country Report

"Throughout much of the developing world, including sub-Saharan Africa, agriculture is frequently viewed as central to efforts to foster development and reduce poverty. Key conceptual and policy issues accordingly raised in relation to agriculture i…

Managing Conflict Over Natural Resources in Greater Kordofan, Sudan: Some Recurrent Patterns and Governance Implications

"Despite the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement, which brought to an end 20 years of civil war in the Sudan, this country continues to experience smaller-scale conflicts, particularly around access to and control of natural resources. Some observers…

The Lesotho Highlands Water Project and Sustainable Livelihoods Policy Implications for SADC

"This paper examines some of the different ways in which Phase IA and B of the LHWP impacted on the livelihoods of the communities in Lesotho, and how these impacts have policy implications for sustainable development and livelihoods for SADC member…

Economic Impacts of Climate Change on Farmers in Nioro du Rip, Senegal: An Integrated Assessment

"This study has shown that farmers in Nioro du Rip, Senegal, would experience declines in their net farm returns and per capita income if no adaptation strategies are implemented. Although few farms would benefit from climate change impact, the over…

Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis Nigeria

"The Nigerian Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis (CFSVA) provides an in-depth assessment of the food security situation within Nigeria. This is very important as it equips policymakers with timely and relevant information that wi…

Conservation and Sustainable Development Linking Practice and Policy in Eastern Africa

"Our development depends on nature, and if development in our region is to proceed it must be based on sustainable management of the ecosystems that support life. Although this simple fact is well accepted, achieving sustainable development in pract…

ICT Pathways to Poverty Reduction: Empirical Evidence from East and Southern Africa

"The research reported in this volume was undertaken at a time when the poor were starting to take part in the information society through the usage of ICTs. Current stories were and still are encountered in the press every day on how the mobile pho…

The Local Livelihood Implications of Biofuel Development and Land Acquisitions in Zimbabwe

"In recent years, proponents of “green and clean” fuel have argued that the socio-economic and environmental costs of over reliance on traditional fuel (oil) could be reduced by a global transition to biofuel. Such discourses propound that a transit…

Could ICT be the Solution to Woo Youth to Agriculture?

"Agriculture still remains the backbone of Kenya’s economy sustaining over 75% of the homesteads in the country. It accounts for 27% of Kenya’s real Gross Domestic Product (GDP), 60% of the total export earnings as well as 45% of government revenue…

Livestock Sector Dynamics from Policy Actors' Perspectives

The livestock sector in Kenya employs 90% of the rural population. This sector contributes about 42% of agricultural GDP and earns about 30% of the country foreign exchange through agricultural products. However the poverty-reduction potential has n…

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