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Community Forests in Namibia: Sustainable Local-Level Forest Management

"Community forests in Namibia are central to promoting sustainable and participatory forest governance and enhancing livelihoods in communal land areas. Significant support from the government and the donor community has helped to establish commun...

Cycles of Violence Gender Relations and Armed Conflict

The research project ‘Gender-Sensitive Programme Design and Planning in Conflict-Affected Situations’ was carried out by ACORD during 2000 and 2001. Its overall aim was to enhance gender-awareness in the design and management of development proje...

Re-conceptualization of Wildlife Conservation Toward Resonation between Subsistence and Wildlife

The contents of this book were originally presented on the international workshop held at Nairobi on 7th August 2008. The purpose of these proceedings is to bring some hints for reconceptualization. Chapter 2 deals with community participation. Lo...

Achieving an Inclusive Blue Economy for Small-Scale Fishers: Recommendations to the South African Parliament

"Small-scale fisheries in South Africa play a crucial role in supporting livelihoods and contributing to food security in the country’s coastal provinces. Policy changes in recent years have sought to establish a more inclusive and equitable go...

Mainstreaming Gender in Bioenergy Projects: Lessons from PISCES

"This section sets the pace by reviewing the evolution of debates around gender and bioenergy and how they relate to developing countries. Energy and gender debates contextualize energy poverty as having a woman/gender dimension. Out of the 1.3 ...

ELCI-ACTS Greening the Fishery Economy Project A Pilot Study Report on Sustainable Utilization of Biomass Energy Among the Fisher Folk of L Victoria Beaches, Kenya

"Lake Victoria has over decades been identified as a major fresh water lake and main source of fish for East African countries. Over 30 million livelihoods across the entire lake stretch depend on the lake’s existence for their survival. In Kenya,...

Evidence to Support Climate Change Adaptation in Lesotho, Malawi and Swaziland

"In southern Africa, the predicted 2°C rise in temperature will destabilize farming systems. Coping mechanisms, livelihood strategies and the cost of adaptation options for smallholder farmers are not sufficiently understood in the region because ...

Appropriate Climate Smart Technologies for Smallholder Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa

"Nearly 70 per cent of the population in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) live in rural areas and rely mainly on agriculture for livelihood security. Low agricultural productivity in the region keeps this population under constant pressure, even though in...

Policies for Enhanced Livestock Productivity and Wealth Creation in a Changing Climate

Agriculture in Africa is changing rapidly. Agriculture and livestock systems are among the most climate sensitive economic sectors. The sector employs between 70 and 90 per cent of the total labour force in Africa and supplies up to 50 per cent ...

Sustainable Development: What's Land got to do with it?

"Ahead of the September 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, South Africa is reviewing its plans and progress towards sustainable development. This paper argues that more attention needs to be given to land reform as a ke...

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Land use and Livelihoods

"This paper addresses how land reform can contribute to enhancing land-based livelihoods. The challenge for South Africa’s land and agrarian reform programme is to alleviate the constraints to production and, in so doing, to enhance land-based li...

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Support for Agricultural Development

"In South Africa, land reform has to be more than securing land rights and transferring a certain number of hectares to black people. Broadly speaking, it has to take into account the uneven spatial development patterns created under colonial and...

The Impact of Deforestation of Forest Livelihoods in Ghana

"Forest resources play a large role in income generation and household food security in Ghana, with forestry products providing sustenance and revenue for about 2.5 million people in the country. Between 1990 and 2005, Ghana lost over a quarter of...

Contested Paradigms of 'Viability' in Redistributive Land Reform: Perspectives from Southern Africa

"‘Viability’ is a key term in debates about land reform in southern African and beyond, and is used in relation to both individual projects and programmes. ‘Viability’ connotes ‘successful’ and ‘sustainable’ - but what is meant by viability in rel...

More to Life than Economics and Livelihoods: The Politics of Social Protection and Social Development in Post Apartheid South Africa

"This paper is divided into five sections: an introductory section that includes a review of critical concepts currently underpinning social policy and anti-poverty debates gobally and in South Africa; a second section exploring key social policy ...

The Impact of Community-based Forest Management and Joint Forest Management on the Forest Resource Base and Local People's Livelihoods: Case Studies from Tanzania

"In recent years, there has been a move in eastern and southern African countries from centralised and state-driven management of natural resources towards decentralised and people-centred based regimes. In Tanzania, the inception of the 1998 nati...

Valuing the Commons: Rural Livelihoods and Communal Rangeland Resources in the Maluti District, Eastern Cape

"The purpose of the study was to assess the value of the contribution that communal rangelands make to rural people’s livelihoods. The overall goal of the project is to contribute to improved management of communal rangelands, based on a better...

Land Reform and Sustainable Development in South Africa's Eastern Cape Province

"This paper focuses on one area of government policy – land reform – looking at the institutional forms that have been developed as part of that policy, the strategies being applied to implement it, the linkages between it and other areas of ...

Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: A Status Report, 2004

"The report reviews the achievements and shortcomings of land and agrarian reform in South Africa in the first decade of democracy and provides a description of the status of these initiatives as at 2004. Chapter 1 presents a brief historical back...

Business Models in Land Reform

"This paper reviews the types of business models, or landuse models, being implemented in land reform projects involving the transfer of rural land to communities and other groups in South Africa, under both the restitution and redistribution pro...

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