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Managing Conflict Over Natural Resources in Greater Kordofan, Sudan: Some Recurrent Patterns and Governance Implications

"Despite the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement, which brought to an end 20 years of civil war in the Sudan, this country continues to experience smaller-scale conflicts, particularly around access to and control of natural resources. Some observe...

Understanding South African Food and Agricultural Policy Implications for Agri-Food Value Chains, Regulation and Formal and Informal Livelihoods

"In order to create credibility and sustainability between policies, to avoid political confusion and to reassure “investor confidence”, a clear agri-food policy package needs to be in place. To achieve this, policy packages should be constructed ...

Potential of Coffee to Uplift People out of Poverty in Northern Uganda

The study's objective was to analyze the potential of expanding coffee production in Uganda, and the resultant poverty reduction effect. The study, specifically examined the contribution of coffee production towards poverty reduction. The direct w...

Gender Analysis for Sustainable Livelihoods and Participatory Governance in Rwanda

This report presents a gender analysis for sustainable livelihoods and participatory governance in Rwanda, in order to inform Oxfam’s Country Strategy programmes. Oxfam’s work in Rwanda is focused on two interlinked pillars – sustainable liveliho...

'What is the Value of the Constitution?' Value Chains, Livelihoods and Food Security in SA's Large and Small Scale Fisheries

"This paper seeks to assess the state of knowledge in relation to the interrelated subjects of value chains, livelihoods, food systems, and regulatory dynamics in South Africa’s large-­ and small-­scale fisheries. South Africa’s marine fisheries ...

The Role of Informal Urban Settlements in Upward Mobility

Informal urban settlements influences the well-being of a large section of global humanity . Yet there has been very little research on their role in facilitating social mobility. Such settlements, in theory, may foster human progress by linking r...

"As a Husband I Will Love, Lead, and Provide" Gendered Access to Land in Ghana

"Improving women’s access to land is high on the agricultural policy agenda of both governmental and non-governmental agencies. Yet, the determinants and rationale of gendered access to land are not well understood. This paper argues that gender r...

Cities and Rural Transformation a Spatial Analysis of Rural Youth Livelihoods in Ghana

"Urbanization has had a major impact on livelihoods in Ghana and throughout Africa as a whole. However, much research on urbanization has focused on effects occurring within cities, while there is insufficient understanding of its effects on rura...

Africa's Quest for Food Security: What is the Role of Urban Agriculture?

"The history of urban agriculture in Africa dates to the colonial era when farming flourished in urban areas, largely to meet consumption needs of bureaucrats, settlers, and other elites. Today, urban agriculture is becoming increasingly signific...

Balancing Coal Mining and Conservation in South-West Ethiopia

"Ethiopia is confronted by the challenges of a growing population and a diminishing natural resources base. The country’s economic growth has relied heavily on agriculture, but progress in this sector has been hampered by the lack of access to ag...

The Impact of an Unconditional Non-Contributory Cash Transfer Scheme on the Wellbeing of the Elderly in Ekiti State, Nigeria

Nigeria’s elderly population (65 and older) increased by 5.4 million between the end of the civil war in 1970 and 2010. It is projected to reach 11 million by 2025. An aging population is problematic because, in a country with a large informal se...

Are Trade Unions and NGOs Leveraging Social Codes to Improve Working Conditions? A Study of two Locally Developed Codes in the South African Fruit and Wine Farming Sectors

The paper explores one aspect of the food security question, namely the livelihoods of farmworkers, which ultimately speaks to the sustainability of farms and the provision of food. It focuses on the emergence of locally made private social code...

The Intricate Road to Development: Government Development Strategies in the Pastoral Areas of the Horn of Africa

"Pastoralism is a livelihood strategy and a system of mobile livestock production that makes wide-ranging use of grazing lands in arid and semi-arid environment that doesn’t uphold sustainable crop cultivation. The freedom of mobility over outsize...

Chisumbanje Large-scale Land Investment in Communal Areas: Is there a Land Crisis in Zimbabwe and what is the Dimension?

Zimbabwe’s investments in agriculture, after a contested Fast Track Land Reform Programme (FTLRP) underpinned by often violent land occupations (these were largely contained by the state by 2005), have triggered a debate on the meaning and import ...

Land Governance in Malawi: Lessons from Large-scale Acquisitions

"Over the past decade rural Malawians have witnessed a surge in large-scale land acquisitions for commercial agriculture that threaten their access, control and ownership of customary land. This policy brief presents cases of such ‘land grabs’ re...

Linking Universities and Marginalised Communities South African Case Studies of Innovation Focused on Livelihoods in Informal Settings

"The monograph contributes exploratory research on patterns of interaction in South African universities, with a specific focus on networks of academics and marginalised communities centred on innovation to enhance livelihoods. We describe analyt...

Can Smallholder Farmers Address Hunger in the Region? Public Dialogue Report

"Agriculture provides an indispensable part of the livelihoods of the poorest households in southern Africa. The sector is a primary source of income for the rural population and contributes to foreign exchange earnings for southern African econom...

Lived Experiences: Adaptation to Climate Change in Gogonyo Sub-County, Palisa District, Uganda

"Climate change has become a local phenomenon just as it is global. The magnitude of climate variability is now being felt at almost all scales and in all regions with extreme events such as drought, excessive rainfall, cold and heat waves as well...

Communities and Climate Change: Building Local Capacity for Adaptation in Goromonzi District, Munyawiri Ward, Zimbabwe

"This paper begins with a background to the study area in Domboshava. This is followed by an examination of the climate change -related problems experienced by poor and vulnerable communities in Munyawiri Ward, their adaptive responses to these c...

Farmers Moving Towards Resilience Suid Bokkeveld Case Study on Climate Change Adaptation, South Africa

This case study describes some aspects of development processes underway in the Suid Bokkeveld in recent years, and focuses on the adaptive aspects. The Suid Bokkeveld was a pilot site for this project, and the on-going adaptation processes wit...

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