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Managing Conflict Over Natural Resources in Greater Kordofan, Sudan: Some Recurrent Patterns and Governance Implications

"Despite the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement, which brought to an end 20 years of civil war in the Sudan, this country continues to experience smaller-scale conflicts, particularly around access to and control of natural resources. Some observers…

Sustainable Development: What's Land got to do with it?

"Ahead of the September 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, South Africa is reviewing its plans and progress towards sustainable development. This paper argues that more attention needs to be given to land reform as a key …

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Land use and Livelihoods

"This paper addresses how land reform can contribute to enhancing land-based livelihoods. The challenge for South Africa’s land and agrarian reform programme is to alleviate the constraints to production and, in so doing, to enhance land-based live…

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Support for Agricultural Development

"In South Africa, land reform has to be more than securing land rights and transferring a certain number of hectares to black people. Broadly speaking, it has to take into account the uneven spatial development patterns created under colonial and a…

The Impact of Deforestation of Forest Livelihoods in Ghana

"Forest resources play a large role in income generation and household food security in Ghana, with forestry products providing sustenance and revenue for about 2.5 million people in the country. Between 1990 and 2005, Ghana lost over a quarter of i…

Contested Paradigms of 'Viability' in Redistributive Land Reform: Perspectives from Southern Africa

"‘Viability’ is a key term in debates about land reform in southern African and beyond, and is used in relation to both individual projects and programmes. ‘Viability’ connotes ‘successful’ and ‘sustainable’ - but what is meant by viability in relat…

More to Life than Economics and Livelihoods: The Politics of Social Protection and Social Development in Post Apartheid South Africa

"This paper is divided into five sections: an introductory section that includes a review of critical concepts currently underpinning social policy and anti-poverty debates gobally and in South Africa; a second section exploring key social policy tr…

The Impact of Community-based Forest Management and Joint Forest Management on the Forest Resource Base and Local People's Livelihoods: Case Studies from Tanzania

"In recent years, there has been a move in eastern and southern African countries from centralised and state-driven management of natural resources towards decentralised and people-centred based regimes. In Tanzania, the inception of the 1998 nation…

Valuing the Commons: Rural Livelihoods and Communal Rangeland Resources in the Maluti District, Eastern Cape

"The purpose of the study was to assess the value of the contribution that communal rangelands make to rural people’s livelihoods. The overall goal of the project is to contribute to improved management of communal rangelands, based on a better u…

Land Reform and Sustainable Development in South Africa's Eastern Cape Province

"This paper focuses on one area of government policy – land reform – looking at the institutional forms that have been developed as part of that policy, the strategies being applied to implement it, the linkages between it and other areas of po…

The Lesotho Highlands Water Project and Sustainable Livelihoods Policy Implications for SADC

"This paper examines some of the different ways in which Phase IA and B of the LHWP impacted on the livelihoods of the communities in Lesotho, and how these impacts have policy implications for sustainable development and livelihoods for SADC member…

Economic Impacts of Climate Change on Farmers in Nioro du Rip, Senegal: An Integrated Assessment

"This study has shown that farmers in Nioro du Rip, Senegal, would experience declines in their net farm returns and per capita income if no adaptation strategies are implemented. Although few farms would benefit from climate change impact, the over…

Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis Nigeria

"The Nigerian Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis (CFSVA) provides an in-depth assessment of the food security situation within Nigeria. This is very important as it equips policymakers with timely and relevant information that wi…

Conservation and Sustainable Development Linking Practice and Policy in Eastern Africa

"Our development depends on nature, and if development in our region is to proceed it must be based on sustainable management of the ecosystems that support life. Although this simple fact is well accepted, achieving sustainable development in pract…

ICT Pathways to Poverty Reduction: Empirical Evidence from East and Southern Africa

"The research reported in this volume was undertaken at a time when the poor were starting to take part in the information society through the usage of ICTs. Current stories were and still are encountered in the press every day on how the mobile pho…

The Local Livelihood Implications of Biofuel Development and Land Acquisitions in Zimbabwe

"In recent years, proponents of “green and clean” fuel have argued that the socio-economic and environmental costs of over reliance on traditional fuel (oil) could be reduced by a global transition to biofuel. Such discourses propound that a transit…

Could ICT be the Solution to Woo Youth to Agriculture?

"Agriculture still remains the backbone of Kenya’s economy sustaining over 75% of the homesteads in the country. It accounts for 27% of Kenya’s real Gross Domestic Product (GDP), 60% of the total export earnings as well as 45% of government revenue…

Livestock Sector Dynamics from Policy Actors' Perspectives

The livestock sector in Kenya employs 90% of the rural population. This sector contributes about 42% of agricultural GDP and earns about 30% of the country foreign exchange through agricultural products. However the poverty-reduction potential has n…

Sustainable Biofuels: Crops and Access in Developing Countries

Biofuel production in developing countries can be instrumental in poverty reduction but can also marginalise the rural poor. The rise in biofuel production sparked a debate over the threat that energy security poses to food security. This paper look…

A Pilot Study Report on Sustainable Utilization of Biomass Energy among the Fisher Folk of L Victoria Beaches, Kenya

Lake Victoria is the main source of fish for East African countries. Five communities in Kenya depend on the lake for survival. The fishing sector has been affected by climate change but deforestation and emissions have also contributed to the probl…

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