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Managing Conflict Over Natural Resources in Greater Kordofan, Sudan: Some Recurrent Patterns and Governance Implications

"Despite the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement, which brought to an end 20 years of civil war in the Sudan, this country continues to experience smaller-scale conflicts, particularly around access to and control of natural resources. Some observe...

Sustainable Development: What's Land got to do with it?

"Ahead of the September 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, South Africa is reviewing its plans and progress towards sustainable development. This paper argues that more attention needs to be given to land reform as a ke...

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Land use and Livelihoods

"This paper addresses how land reform can contribute to enhancing land-based livelihoods. The challenge for South Africa’s land and agrarian reform programme is to alleviate the constraints to production and, in so doing, to enhance land-based li...

Evaluating Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: Support for Agricultural Development

"In South Africa, land reform has to be more than securing land rights and transferring a certain number of hectares to black people. Broadly speaking, it has to take into account the uneven spatial development patterns created under colonial and...

The Impact of Deforestation of Forest Livelihoods in Ghana

"Forest resources play a large role in income generation and household food security in Ghana, with forestry products providing sustenance and revenue for about 2.5 million people in the country. Between 1990 and 2005, Ghana lost over a quarter of...

Contested Paradigms of 'Viability' in Redistributive Land Reform: Perspectives from Southern Africa

"‘Viability’ is a key term in debates about land reform in southern African and beyond, and is used in relation to both individual projects and programmes. ‘Viability’ connotes ‘successful’ and ‘sustainable’ - but what is meant by viability in rel...

More to Life than Economics and Livelihoods: The Politics of Social Protection and Social Development in Post Apartheid South Africa

"This paper is divided into five sections: an introductory section that includes a review of critical concepts currently underpinning social policy and anti-poverty debates gobally and in South Africa; a second section exploring key social policy ...

Understanding South African Food and Agricultural Policy Implications for Agri-Food Value Chains, Regulation and Formal and Informal Livelihoods

"In order to create credibility and sustainability between policies, to avoid political confusion and to reassure “investor confidence”, a clear agri-food policy package needs to be in place. To achieve this, policy packages should be constructed ...

Potential of Coffee to Uplift People out of Poverty in Northern Uganda

The study's objective was to analyze the potential of expanding coffee production in Uganda, and the resultant poverty reduction effect. The study, specifically examined the contribution of coffee production towards poverty reduction. The direct w...

Gender Analysis for Sustainable Livelihoods and Participatory Governance in Rwanda

This report presents a gender analysis for sustainable livelihoods and participatory governance in Rwanda, in order to inform Oxfam’s Country Strategy programmes. Oxfam’s work in Rwanda is focused on two interlinked pillars – sustainable liveliho...

'What is the Value of the Constitution?' Value Chains, Livelihoods and Food Security in SA's Large and Small Scale Fisheries

"This paper seeks to assess the state of knowledge in relation to the interrelated subjects of value chains, livelihoods, food systems, and regulatory dynamics in South Africa’s large-­ and small-­scale fisheries. South Africa’s marine fisheries ...

The Role of Informal Urban Settlements in Upward Mobility

Informal urban settlements influences the well-being of a large section of global humanity . Yet there has been very little research on their role in facilitating social mobility. Such settlements, in theory, may foster human progress by linking r...

"As a Husband I Will Love, Lead, and Provide" Gendered Access to Land in Ghana

"Improving women’s access to land is high on the agricultural policy agenda of both governmental and non-governmental agencies. Yet, the determinants and rationale of gendered access to land are not well understood. This paper argues that gender r...

Cities and Rural Transformation a Spatial Analysis of Rural Youth Livelihoods in Ghana

"Urbanization has had a major impact on livelihoods in Ghana and throughout Africa as a whole. However, much research on urbanization has focused on effects occurring within cities, while there is insufficient understanding of its effects on rura...

Africa's Quest for Food Security: What is the Role of Urban Agriculture?

"The history of urban agriculture in Africa dates to the colonial era when farming flourished in urban areas, largely to meet consumption needs of bureaucrats, settlers, and other elites. Today, urban agriculture is becoming increasingly signific...

Balancing Coal Mining and Conservation in South-West Ethiopia

"Ethiopia is confronted by the challenges of a growing population and a diminishing natural resources base. The country’s economic growth has relied heavily on agriculture, but progress in this sector has been hampered by the lack of access to ag...

The Impact of an Unconditional Non-Contributory Cash Transfer Scheme on the Wellbeing of the Elderly in Ekiti State, Nigeria

Nigeria’s elderly population (65 and older) increased by 5.4 million between the end of the civil war in 1970 and 2010. It is projected to reach 11 million by 2025. An aging population is problematic because, in a country with a large informal se...

Are Trade Unions and NGOs Leveraging Social Codes to Improve Working Conditions? A Study of two Locally Developed Codes in the South African Fruit and Wine Farming Sectors

The paper explores one aspect of the food security question, namely the livelihoods of farmworkers, which ultimately speaks to the sustainability of farms and the provision of food. It focuses on the emergence of locally made private social code...

The Lesotho Highlands Water Project and Sustainable Livelihoods Policy Implications for SADC

"This paper examines some of the different ways in which Phase IA and B of the LHWP impacted on the livelihoods of the communities in Lesotho, and how these impacts have policy implications for sustainable development and livelihoods for SADC memb...

Economic Impacts of Climate Change on Farmers in Nioro du Rip, Senegal: An Integrated Assessment

"This study has shown that farmers in Nioro du Rip, Senegal, would experience declines in their net farm returns and per capita income if no adaptation strategies are implemented. Although few farms would benefit from climate change impact, the ov...

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