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The Intricate Road to Development: Government Development Strategies in the Pastoral Areas of the Horn of Africa

"Pastoralism is a livelihood strategy and a system of mobile livestock production that makes wide-ranging use of grazing lands in arid and semi-arid environment that doesn’t uphold sustainable crop cultivation. The freedom of mobility over outsize...

Chisumbanje Large-scale Land Investment in Communal Areas: Is there a Land Crisis in Zimbabwe and what is the Dimension?

Zimbabwe’s investments in agriculture, after a contested Fast Track Land Reform Programme (FTLRP) underpinned by often violent land occupations (these were largely contained by the state by 2005), have triggered a debate on the meaning and import ...

Land Governance in Malawi: Lessons from Large-scale Acquisitions

"Over the past decade rural Malawians have witnessed a surge in large-scale land acquisitions for commercial agriculture that threaten their access, control and ownership of customary land. This policy brief presents cases of such ‘land grabs’ re...

Linking Universities and Marginalised Communities South African Case Studies of Innovation Focused on Livelihoods in Informal Settings

"The monograph contributes exploratory research on patterns of interaction in South African universities, with a specific focus on networks of academics and marginalised communities centred on innovation to enhance livelihoods. We describe analyt...

Can Smallholder Farmers Address Hunger in the Region? Public Dialogue Report

"Agriculture provides an indispensable part of the livelihoods of the poorest households in southern Africa. The sector is a primary source of income for the rural population and contributes to foreign exchange earnings for southern African econom...

Lived Experiences: Adaptation to Climate Change in Gogonyo Sub-County, Palisa District, Uganda

"Climate change has become a local phenomenon just as it is global. The magnitude of climate variability is now being felt at almost all scales and in all regions with extreme events such as drought, excessive rainfall, cold and heat waves as well...

Communities and Climate Change: Building Local Capacity for Adaptation in Goromonzi District, Munyawiri Ward, Zimbabwe

"This paper begins with a background to the study area in Domboshava. This is followed by an examination of the climate change -related problems experienced by poor and vulnerable communities in Munyawiri Ward, their adaptive responses to these c...

Farmers Moving Towards Resilience Suid Bokkeveld Case Study on Climate Change Adaptation, South Africa

This case study describes some aspects of development processes underway in the Suid Bokkeveld in recent years, and focuses on the adaptive aspects. The Suid Bokkeveld was a pilot site for this project, and the on-going adaptation processes wit...

Factors Affecting Household Vulnerability to Climate Change in the Lowveld of Swaziland

"According to literature in Africa by 2020, between 75 and 250 million people will be exposed to increased water stress due to climate change. In some countries yields from rain-fed agriculture could be reduced by up to 50%. Agricultural productio...

Incidence of Indigenous, Emerging and Innovative Climate Change Adaptation Practices for Smallholder Farmers' Livelihood Security in Chikhwawa District, Southern Malawi

Africa is subject to widespread poverty, recurrent droughts, hostile climate and over dependence on rain-fed agriculture. The majority of farming households in Africa struggle to sustain their livelihoods. Climate change and variability has create...

Conflict Management and Disaster Risk Reduction : A Case Study of Kenya

The links between disaster risk reduction and conflict prevention is explored in this report and the focus is specifically on Kenya. Mainly, it aims to develop a livelihoods approach to understanding and reducing the risk of households and communi...

Sustainability Challenges and Opportunities of Generating Biogas From Water Hyacinth in Ndunga Village, Kenya

"Recent studies show possibilities of producing bio-energy from water hyacinth thus generating avenues for research, technological development and marketing of its energy products. As the search for alternatives to clean energy sources intensifies...

Improving Youth Livelihoods Ivory Coast

"After more than a decade of political and military struggles, job creation, especially for youth, is one of the Ivorian government’s biggest concerns.The 1980s were tough years for the Ivorian economy, and living conditions have deteriorated sinc...

L’emplois des jeunes en Côte d’Ivoire Une étude diagnostique / Youth Employment in Ivory Coast A Diagnostic Study

More than a decade of political and military crisis in Côte d' Ivoire has greatly contributed to the deteriorating conditions of life, especially among vulnerable segments of the population, including youth. Since the crisis in April 2011, the Ivo...

Enhancing Youth Employability Zambia

"In the last decade, Zambia’s population grew by an average of 3 percent a year — faster than the average for sub-Saharan Africa of 2.7 percent. Despite economic growth of 6 percent a year since 2000, Zambia remains challenged by high levels of p...

Boosting Youth Employment Prospects Tanzania

"Despite economic growth, and modest progress in tackling poverty, some 43 percent of Tanzania’s people still survive on less than US $1.25/day. Half of Tanzanians today are under the age of 15, and with the population increasing by 2.7 percent ...

Tanzania: Skills and Youth Employment A Scoping Paper

"With half its people today under the age of 15, and with its population growing each year, Tanzania must find ways to ease its large and growing youth cohort into a labour market that currently offers too few prospects. While it depends heavily ...

Changes in Ghanaian Farming System: Stagnation or a Quiet Transformation

"This research was designed to understand better the patterns of agricultural intensification and transformation occurring in Africa South of the Sahara using the Ghanaian case. The paper examines changes in farming systems and the role of various...

Establishing Human Rights Safeguards for Foreign Investment in Africa: Redefining Rights to Promote Gender Equality in the Natural Resources Sector

"Human rights have become a Trojan Horse, conscripted to spread a particular economic agenda founded on individual property rights. The attainment of the right to own cannot be understood as a sufficient means to level the playing field for rural...

Researching Land and Commercial Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa with a Gender Perspective: Concepts, Issues and Methods

"This paper offers critical reflections on the concepts, issues and methods that are important for integrating a gender perspective into mainstream research and policy-making on land and agricultural commercialisation in Africa. It forms part of t...

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