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Citizen Perceptions of the Economic and Living Conditions in Zambia

"High levels of unemployment, coupled with low salaries and poor conditions of service for most of the few people in formal employment, is a serious source of concern for many Zambian citizens. The rise in fuel prises, especially during the period 2…

Employment Status of Zambians: Official Definitions vs Citizen Perceptions

The relationship between unemployment, economic growth and poverty is clear. High levels of unemployment mean that the labour resources are underutilized and growth potential can not be attained. Zambians will not move out of poverty if the growth p…

'Lived Poverty' can Inform Swazi Anti-poverty Efforts

Poverty continues to be a major challenge in Swaziland, exacerbated by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Almost two-thirds (63%) of the Swazi population were living in severe poverty in 2012. While reported mild economic growth and declining poverty levels (Af…

Economic Conditions, Living Conditions and Poverty in Mozambique

This briefing paper analyzed how often Mozambicans experience poverty, on one hand, and how they evaluate national and personal economic conditions on the other. Mozambicans were far less likely to experience shortages in basic necessities in 2008 t…

South Africa's Emerging Black Middle Class: A Harbinger of Political Change?

"South Africa has seen a significant increase in the size of its black middle class in the post-apartheid period, but the attitudinal consequences of indicators of the middle class, as of 2011, are inconsistent and modest in size. While members of t…

Political Risks Facing African Democracies: Evidence from Afrobarometer

"Where are African countries headed politically? How resilient are Africa’s governments, regimes, and states? What are the characteristics of political risk? This paper is motivated by a desire to discover whether it is possible to identify early-wa…

Where to Start? Aligning Sustainable Development Goals with Citizen Priorities

"Based on new data gathered in 2014 and 2015 from across 32 African countries, unemployment and health top the list of problems that Africans want their governments to address. For increased government investment in key policy sectors, citizens’ top…

Nigerians Optimistic about Economic Outlook Despite Persistent Poverty, Inadequate Services

After a 2016 recession blamed mainly on low oil revenues and unchecked corruption, Nigeria’s economy has been showing signs of improvement. Despite foreign-exchange shortages, poor infrastructure, and likely political tensions ahead of the February …

Lived Poverty on the Rise, Economic Assessments on a Slide in South Africa

Africa’s second-largest economy has been struggling. High unemployment (27.1% overall) has reached frightening levels among South Africa’s youth (54.7%). Rising prices for fuel and basic commodities have eroded consumers’ purchasing power. The kicks…

For Sudanese, Deep Economic Discontent Underpins Mass Movement for Change

Sudan’s mass protests that ended the 30-rule of President Omar al-Bashir in April started last December with citizens unhappy about the high price of food. Despite long-standing government and international anti-poverty initiatives, poverty remains…

Despite Criticism of Economic Performance, Swazis Optimistic About Future Gains

"In its Vision 2022 agenda, the Kingdom of Swaziland lays out its goal of being “in the top 10% of the human development group of countries founded on sustainable development, social justice and political stability”. Public perceptions highlight bot…

Ghanaians Voice Dissatisfaction with Living Conditions, Government Economic Conditions

Ghana has made giant economic strides over the past decade. In 2011 the country climbed from lower-income to middle-income status, and both per-capita income and gross domestic product roughly doubled between 2008 and 2018. Fueled in part by newly d…

Lived Poverty on the Rise: Decade of Living-standard Gains Ends in Africa

Economic destitution – whether measured as the frequency with which people go without basic necessities or as the proportion of people who live on less than $1.90 a day – declined steadily in Africa between 2005 and 2015. However, the findings of Af…

Cash Shortages Pose a Threat to Zimbabwe's Fight Against COVID-19

Zimbabwe has been on lockdown since March 30 to inhibit the spread of the new coronavirus, though the mining and manufacturing sectors have reopened under rules set by the World Health Organization and public health authorities. To help “vulnerable …

Localizing Sustainable Development Goals in Ghana using a CBMS

The important role of regional and local governments in the successful implementation of the sustainable development goals (SDGs) has been widely recognized. Having recognized the important role of local governance in the implementation of the SDGs,…

Despite Decline in Lived Poverty, South Africans increasingly Pessimistic about the Economy

"South Africans are increasingly pessimistic about their national economy: Compared to 2011, more citizens say the country’s economic situation is bad, conditions are worse than a year ago and not likely to improve over the next 12 months, and the …

Post-1994 South Africa: Better than Apartheid, but few Gains in Socioeconomic Conditions

"Since South Africa’s transition from apartheid to democracy in 1994, the government’s development plans have focused on redressing racial inequalities in socioeconomic outcomes. The National Development Plan 2030 highlights broadened access to educ…

With Lived Poverty on the Rise, Guineans Grow Pessimistic, Critical of Government Performance

Despite their country’s tremendous reserves of bauxite, iron ore, gold, and diamonds, 55% of Guineans live under the poverty line. Growth in the mining sector has not trickled down to average citizens, many of whom face a dearth of jobs, frequent p…

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