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The Local Livelihood Implications of Biofuel Development and Land Acquisitions in Zimbabwe

"In recent years, proponents of “green and clean” fuel have argued that the socio-economic and environmental costs of over reliance on traditional fuel (oil) could be reduced by a global transition to biofuel. Such discourses propound that a transit…

Biofuels Investment and Community Land Tenure in Tanzania: The Case of Bioshape, Kilwa District

"The main objective of this report is to examine the outcomes and impacts that arise from the withdrawal or bankruptcy of a large-scale, land-based investment in Tanzania, and to use this evidence to draw insights for policy and practice around loc…

Links Between Tenure Security and Food Security Evidence from Ethiopia

"While numerous studies exist that evaluate the impacts of land reform on household investment behavior, land productivity, and land rental market activities, the literature is thin in terms of showing the direct food securities impacts of land tenu…

"Home at last?" Land Conflicts in Burundi and the Right of Victims to Reparations

"This Policy Brief will assess whether reparations as a form of redress for historical injustice can be utilised to address the grievances of Burundian victims of land expropriation. The Policy Brief begins by describing the legacy of conflict and t…

Rule of Law and Development in Ethiopia : Now and Twenty Years from Now

"According to democratic thinking, the basis for the relationship that exists between peoples and governments is the social contract that the two parties [freely] enter into. For, after all, the existence of societies and the individuals who constit…

Reframing the New Alliance Agenda: A Critical Assessment Based on Insights from Tanzania

"A dedicated investment in smallholder farmers to enable them to improve their land use and productivity is critical to achieve sustainable and inclusive growth in African countries. The New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition focuses on publi…

Cadre d’Analyse de la Gouvernance Foncière au Sénégal (CAGF) / Analytical Framework for Land Management in Senegal (CAGF)

"The analytical framework for land management (CAGF) is a diagnostic tool that allows for the assessment of a country’s land management policies. The CAGF is a participatory process that was implemented in Senegal in October 2012 and that is expecte…

The Mining-conservation Nexus Rio Tinto, Development 'Gifts' and Contested Compensation in Madagascar

"This paper traces a genealogy of land access and legitimisation strategies culminating in the recent convergence of multinational mining and conservation in southeast Madagascar. Drawing on empirical research carried out on the Rio Tinto/QMM ilmeni…

The Climate Change Regulatory Framework and Indigenous Peoples’ Lands in Africa: Human Rights Implications

This book examined the regulatory frameworks which relates to climate change at international, regional and national levels, as they affect indigenous peoples’ lands in Africa. It demonstrates how, at national level especially, a climate change reg…

Rapport de Synthèse des Ateliers Paysans sur la Réforme Foncière et les Enjeux de Sécurisation Foncière des Exploitations Familiales au Sénégal / Synthesis Report of the Peasant Workshop on Land Reform and the Challenges of Land Tenure Security for Family

As part of the policy of economic liberalization, donors exerted strong pressure on the government of Senegal to reform the land policy. This pressure initially resulted in measures taken by the State to withdraw the SAED from the management of land…

"As a Husband I Will Love, Lead, and Provide" Gendered Access to Land in Ghana

"Improving women’s access to land is high on the agricultural policy agenda of both governmental and non-governmental agencies. Yet, the determinants and rationale of gendered access to land are not well understood. This paper argues that gender rel…

Africa's Quest for Food Security: What is the Role of Urban Agriculture?

"The history of urban agriculture in Africa dates to the colonial era when farming flourished in urban areas, largely to meet consumption needs of bureaucrats, settlers, and other elites. Today, urban agriculture is becoming increasingly significan…

South Africans’ Views on Land Reform: Evidence from the South African Reconciliation Barometer

This paper has broadly explored four important aspects of land reform in South Africa, with a view to informing the present land debate with public opinion data from the SARB surveys. Firstly, by providing a historical overview of land and property…

Managing for Agricultural Results: Managing Farmer-Herder Conflicts in Tanzania

Land in Tanzania and much of Africa is a primary asset for survival and a major source of income and livelihoods for the rural population. It also carries spiritual values. Access to land resources therefore involves power and symbolic relations. Th…

Next Steps Towards Land Reform

Land reform is a contentious issue in South Africa. Since the July 2019 release of the Presidential Advisory Panel (PAP) report on land reform, William Beinart and Peter Delius, emeritus professors at Oxford and Wits, have spent time analysing the r…

Elite Capture in Land Distribution in South Africa

The research on elite capture in land redistribution in South Africa was conceived against the background of a significant decline in systematic research on land reform outcomes. Data on land reform outcomes and more specifically evidence on who has…

Land Tenure Security, Credit Access and Agricultural Productivity in Cameroon

Cameroonian farmers face two tenure systems: a modern regime and a customary regime. These two regimes are perpetually confronting each other, putting farmers in a total uncertainty as to the regime to adopt to ensure the sustainability of their ven…

Land Tenure Insecurity, Fragmentation and Crop Choice: Evidence from Uganda - Policy Brief

This study uses household, parcel, and plot-level data to analyze the effect of land tenure insecurity and land fragmentation on crop choice. We use formal land titling as a proxy for de jure land rights, and the perceived transfer rights over parce…

Insécurité Foncière, Fragmentation et Choix des Cultures: Preuve de l'Ouganda / Land Tenure Insecurity, Fragmentation and Crop Choice: Evidence from Uganda

This study uses household, parcel, and plot-level data to analyze the effect of land tenure insecurity and land fragmentation on crop choice. We use formal land titling as a proxy for de jure land rights, and the perceived transfer rights over parce…

An analysis of the Impact of Land Tenure Security on Agricultural Productivity in Burkina Faso

This article examines the impact of land tenure security on agricultural productivity in Burkina Faso through a two-stage approach, using data from the Permanent Agricultural Survey (EPA) of the agricultural campaign (2011/2012) of the Ministry of A…

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