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Zimbabwe's Contested Large Scale Land-Based Investment: The Chisumbanje Ethanol Project

"This policy brief presents the example of a biofuels production project and its value chain to argue that there is a need for a land and investment policy to guide communities, investors and stakeholders. The expansion of commercial sugarcane farmi…

Accountability in Africa's Land Rush: What Role for Legal Empowerment

"This report assesses the state of evidence on pathways to accountability in the global land rush, with a focus on Africa, and identifies areas for a new research agenda that places accountability at its centre. The report takes a twin-track approac…

Household Perception and Demand for Better Protection of Land Rights in Ehtiopia

"The study assesses factors that explain households’ perceived tenure insecurity and the demand for new formalization of land rights in Ethiopia. We use data from the 2013 Agricultural Growth Program (AGP) survey of 7,500 households from high agricu…

The Contested Status of 'Communal Land Tenure' in South Africa

"This paper focuses on communal tenure reform developments (or lack thereof), referring to law, policy and practice in rural areas in South Africa. It shows that communal land tenure is not in a healthy state and discusses the following recent laws…

State and Land Legislation in Botswana

"This paper is structured as follows: The first section describes the terrain and context. This is followed by a section on the legal evolution of Botswana with the intention of tying it up with a premise of continuity between the colonial and post-…

Land, Law and Traditional Leadership in South Africa

With over two decades after the end of apartheid, land remains an emotive fault line in South Africa. In rural communities, many have lost patience with the paternalistic approach of traditional leaders, commercial farmers and mining corporations. T…

Citizen Engagement in Natural Resource Governance

Mining operations of 7 diamond companies in Manicaland Province were shut down by the government in February 2016, because their operations lacked transparency and accountability. Government decided to merge diamond companies into the newly formed…

The Climate Change Regulatory Framework and Indigenous Peoples’ Lands in Africa: Human Rights Implications

This book examined the regulatory frameworks which relates to climate change at international, regional and national levels, as they affect indigenous peoples’ lands in Africa. It demonstrates how, at national level especially, a climate change reg…

Rapport de Synthèse des Ateliers Paysans sur la Réforme Foncière et les Enjeux de Sécurisation Foncière des Exploitations Familiales au Sénégal / Synthesis Report of the Peasant Workshop on Land Reform and the Challenges of Land Tenure Security for Family

As part of the policy of economic liberalization, donors exerted strong pressure on the government of Senegal to reform the land policy. This pressure initially resulted in measures taken by the State to withdraw the SAED from the management of land…

"As a Husband I Will Love, Lead, and Provide" Gendered Access to Land in Ghana

"Improving women’s access to land is high on the agricultural policy agenda of both governmental and non-governmental agencies. Yet, the determinants and rationale of gendered access to land are not well understood. This paper argues that gender rel…

Africa's Quest for Food Security: What is the Role of Urban Agriculture?

"The history of urban agriculture in Africa dates to the colonial era when farming flourished in urban areas, largely to meet consumption needs of bureaucrats, settlers, and other elites. Today, urban agriculture is becoming increasingly significan…

Taxing the Urban Boom: Property Taxation and Land Leasing in Kigali and Addis Ababa

Urban service sectors including construction and real estate drives contemporary economic growth in Africa. This manifests in rapidly transforming landscapes and the proliferation of valuable property in the continent’s booming large cities, often …

Reframing the New Alliance Agenda: A Critical Assessment Based on Insights from Tanzania

"A dedicated investment in smallholder farmers to enable them to improve their land use and productivity is critical to achieve sustainable and inclusive growth in African countries. The New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition focuses on publi…

Cadre d’Analyse de la Gouvernance Foncière au Sénégal (CAGF) / Analytical Framework for Land Management in Senegal (CAGF)

"The analytical framework for land management (CAGF) is a diagnostic tool that allows for the assessment of a country’s land management policies. The CAGF is a participatory process that was implemented in Senegal in October 2012 and that is expecte…

The Mining-conservation Nexus Rio Tinto, Development 'Gifts' and Contested Compensation in Madagascar

"This paper traces a genealogy of land access and legitimisation strategies culminating in the recent convergence of multinational mining and conservation in southeast Madagascar. Drawing on empirical research carried out on the Rio Tinto/QMM ilmeni…

Land Tenure Security and Access to Finance of Agricultural Households in Cameroon

This study investigates the relationship between the land tenure security and the financing of agricultural households. The study uses data from the third Cameroun Household Survey (ECAM3), carried out by the National Institute of Statistics in 2007…

The Strengths and Weaknesses of Systems of Land Tenure and Land Administration in South Africa and the Implications for Employment Intensive Land Reform

The overall aims of this thematic study are to identify the strengths and weaknesses of existing systems of land tenure and land administration in South Africa, and to explore the implications of these strengths and weaknesses for the promotion of e…

Land Tenure Insecurity, Fragmentation and Crop Choice: Evidence from Uganda

This study uses household-, parcel- and plot-level data to analyse the effect of land tenure insecurity and land fragmentation on crop choice. We use formal land titling as a proxy for de jure land rights, and the perceived transfer rights over parc…

Land and Reparative Justice in South Sudan

Land, reparations and transitional justice are linked in South Sudan. The African Union’s 2014 inquiry saw land grabbing as among the accumulated grievances and called for land reform as part of transitional justice processes. Yet the 2018 peace a…

The Mitigating Impact of Land Tenure Security on Drought-induced Food Insecurity: Evidence from Rural Malawi

This paper investigates the interaction between land tenure security and food security in agriculture-dependent households. We explore household variation in land tenure security and drought shocks across villages to investigate the extent to which …

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