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Zimbabwe's Contested Large Scale Land-Based Investment: The Chisumbanje Ethanol Project

"This policy brief presents the example of a biofuels production project and its value chain to argue that there is a need for a land and investment policy to guide communities, investors and stakeholders. The expansion of commercial sugarcane far...

Accountability in Africa's Land Rush: What Role for Legal Empowerment

"This report assesses the state of evidence on pathways to accountability in the global land rush, with a focus on Africa, and identifies areas for a new research agenda that places accountability at its centre. The report takes a twin-track appro...

Household Perception and Demand for Better Protection of Land Rights in Ehtiopia

"The study assesses factors that explain households’ perceived tenure insecurity and the demand for new formalization of land rights in Ethiopia. We use data from the 2013 Agricultural Growth Program (AGP) survey of 7,500 households from high agri...

The Contested Status of 'Communal Land Tenure' in South Africa

"This paper focuses on communal tenure reform developments (or lack thereof), referring to law, policy and practice in rural areas in South Africa. It shows that communal land tenure is not in a healthy state and discusses the following recent la...

Taxing the Urban Boom: Property Taxation and Land Leasing in Kigali and Addis Ababa

Urban service sectors including construction and real estate drives contemporary economic growth in Africa. This manifests in rapidly transforming landscapes and the proliferation of valuable property in the continent’s booming large cities, ofte...

Conservation and Ecotourism on Privatised Land in the Mara Kenya: The Case of Conservancy Land Leases

"This paper investigates private sector investment in conservation and ecotourism through conservancy land leases in the Mara region of Kenya. In a recent and growing tourism development, groups of Maasai landowners are leasing their parcels of l...

The Local Livelihood Implications of Biofuel Development and Land Acquisitions in Zimbabwe

"In recent years, proponents of “green and clean” fuel have argued that the socio-economic and environmental costs of over reliance on traditional fuel (oil) could be reduced by a global transition to biofuel. Such discourses propound that a trans...

Biofuels Investment and Community Land Tenure in Tanzania: The Case of Bioshape, Kilwa District

"The main objective of this report is to examine the outcomes and impacts that arise from the withdrawal or bankruptcy of a large-scale, land-based investment in Tanzania, and to use this evidence to draw insights for policy and practice around l...

Links Between Tenure Security and Food Security Evidence from Ethiopia

"While numerous studies exist that evaluate the impacts of land reform on household investment behavior, land productivity, and land rental market activities, the literature is thin in terms of showing the direct food securities impacts of land te...

"Home at last?" Land Conflicts in Burundi and the Right of Victims to Reparations

"This Policy Brief will assess whether reparations as a form of redress for historical injustice can be utilised to address the grievances of Burundian victims of land expropriation. The Policy Brief begins by describing the legacy of conflict and...

Rule of Law and Development in Ethiopia : Now and Twenty Years from Now

"According to democratic thinking, the basis for the relationship that exists between peoples and governments is the social contract that the two parties [freely] enter into. For, after all, the existence of societies and the individuals who const...

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 14, no. 2, 2014

‘Security regionalism and flaws of externally forged peace in Sudan: The IGAD peace process and its aftermath’ examines the IGAD peace process in Sudan, highlighting the dynamics and relative roles of the principal actors involved. It argues that ...

Women, Land and Resource Conflicts: Policy Implications and Interventions in Kenya

Environment and conflict research and policy interventions have focused primarily on the linkage between natural resources and acute violence but have paid less attention to the gender dimension of this correlation. Paradoxically women are more ac...

Kenya's Urban Development in the 21st Century: The Call for Innovative Initiatives from Local Authorities

In municipal councils in Kenya, urban environment development plans are drawn up but not followed through. In rural councils, environment development plans are not made at all and therefore development comes about in a haphazard manner. Community ...

Contemporary Developmental Issues in Kenya Volume One

"The conferences which had different themes had one common theme; that is development. The papers presented in this volume fall under three broad themes namely:- Agriculture, Food Security and Health; Culture, Education and Development; Environmen...

Gestion Fonciere au Senegal: Enjeux, Etat des Lieux et Debats - Actes / Senegal Land Management: Issues, State of Play and Debates - Acts

"Land in rural areas is currently primarily governed by the law on the national estate dating from 1964, in which more than 95% of the land has been paid for. As in many countries of West Africa, land issues in Senegal are paramount because of a m...

Rural Water Tenure in Kenya and Tanzania Changing Tenure Patterns, Legal Regimes and Community Responses

"This research report looks at changing patterns in water development and management in Tanzania and Kenya, and examines the responses of government and other stakeholders to these changes. It focuses especially on recent attempts to move towards...

Reframing the New Alliance Agenda: A Critical Assessment Based on Insights from Tanzania

"A dedicated investment in smallholder farmers to enable them to improve their land use and productivity is critical to achieve sustainable and inclusive growth in African countries. The New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition focuses on pub...

Cadre d’Analyse de la Gouvernance Foncière au Sénégal (CAGF) / Analytical Framework for Land Management in Senegal (CAGF)

"The analytical framework for land management (CAGF) is a diagnostic tool that allows for the assessment of a country’s land management policies. The CAGF is a participatory process that was implemented in Senegal in October 2012 and that is expec...

The Mining-conservation Nexus Rio Tinto, Development 'Gifts' and Contested Compensation in Madagascar

"This paper traces a genealogy of land access and legitimisation strategies culminating in the recent convergence of multinational mining and conservation in southeast Madagascar. Drawing on empirical research carried out on the Rio Tinto/QMM ilme...

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