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Taxing the Urban Boom: Property Taxation and Land Leasing in Kigali and Addis Ababa

Urban service sectors including construction and real estate drives contemporary economic growth in Africa. This manifests in rapidly transforming landscapes and the proliferation of valuable property in the continent’s booming large cities, often …

Zimbabwe's Contested Large Scale Land-Based Investment: The Chisumbanje Ethanol Project

"This policy brief presents the example of a biofuels production project and its value chain to argue that there is a need for a land and investment policy to guide communities, investors and stakeholders. The expansion of commercial sugarcane farmi…

Accountability in Africa's Land Rush: What Role for Legal Empowerment

"This report assesses the state of evidence on pathways to accountability in the global land rush, with a focus on Africa, and identifies areas for a new research agenda that places accountability at its centre. The report takes a twin-track approac…

Household Perception and Demand for Better Protection of Land Rights in Ehtiopia

"The study assesses factors that explain households’ perceived tenure insecurity and the demand for new formalization of land rights in Ethiopia. We use data from the 2013 Agricultural Growth Program (AGP) survey of 7,500 households from high agricu…

The Contested Status of 'Communal Land Tenure' in South Africa

"This paper focuses on communal tenure reform developments (or lack thereof), referring to law, policy and practice in rural areas in South Africa. It shows that communal land tenure is not in a healthy state and discusses the following recent laws…

State and Land Legislation in Botswana

"This paper is structured as follows: The first section describes the terrain and context. This is followed by a section on the legal evolution of Botswana with the intention of tying it up with a premise of continuity between the colonial and post-…

Land, Law and Traditional Leadership in South Africa

With over two decades after the end of apartheid, land remains an emotive fault line in South Africa. In rural communities, many have lost patience with the paternalistic approach of traditional leaders, commercial farmers and mining corporations. T…

Citizen Engagement in Natural Resource Governance

Mining operations of 7 diamond companies in Manicaland Province were shut down by the government in February 2016, because their operations lacked transparency and accountability. Government decided to merge diamond companies into the newly formed…

Management of some Commons in Southern Africa: Implications for Policy

"Profound transformations in communal land tenure systems are taking place in parts of southern Africa that have resulted from decades of interventions, particularly the shrinking of the commonage through capture of extensive tracts of lands by pr…

Women's Access to Land in the Former Bantustans: Constitutional Conflict, Customary Law, Democratisation and the Role of the State

"The transition to local democratic institutions in the former bantustans of South Africa will not in itself fulfil the constitutional imperative for the promotion of gender equality, specifically in relation to women's access to land. In order for…

The Tragic African Commons: A Century of Expropriation, Suppresion and Subversion

"This paper examines the nature of the African commons as a property system; analyses the extent of damage which was inflicted upon it during one hundred years of exploitation, suppression and subversion; explains why, in spite of that damage, the …

Land Reform, Sustainable Rural Livelihoods and Gender Relations: A Case Study of Gallawater A Farm Volume 1

"The first chapter of this report outlines the rationale for the research on gender relations, sustainable rural livelihoods and land reform. It also provides background on the analytical framework utilised in the study, and the research sites wh…

Valuing the Commons: Rural Livelihoods and Communal Rangeland Resources in the Maluti District, Eastern Cape

"The purpose of the study was to assess the value of the contribution that communal rangelands make to rural people’s livelihoods. The overall goal of the project is to contribute to improved management of communal rangelands, based on a better u…

Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: A Status Report, 2004

"The report reviews the achievements and shortcomings of land and agrarian reform in South Africa in the first decade of democracy and provides a description of the status of these initiatives as at 2004. Chapter 1 presents a brief historical backgr…

The Local Livelihood Implications of Biofuel Development and Land Acquisitions in Zimbabwe

"In recent years, proponents of “green and clean” fuel have argued that the socio-economic and environmental costs of over reliance on traditional fuel (oil) could be reduced by a global transition to biofuel. Such discourses propound that a transit…

Biofuels Investment and Community Land Tenure in Tanzania: The Case of Bioshape, Kilwa District

"The main objective of this report is to examine the outcomes and impacts that arise from the withdrawal or bankruptcy of a large-scale, land-based investment in Tanzania, and to use this evidence to draw insights for policy and practice around loc…

Links Between Tenure Security and Food Security Evidence from Ethiopia

"While numerous studies exist that evaluate the impacts of land reform on household investment behavior, land productivity, and land rental market activities, the literature is thin in terms of showing the direct food securities impacts of land tenu…

"Home at last?" Land Conflicts in Burundi and the Right of Victims to Reparations

"This Policy Brief will assess whether reparations as a form of redress for historical injustice can be utilised to address the grievances of Burundian victims of land expropriation. The Policy Brief begins by describing the legacy of conflict and t…

Rule of Law and Development in Ethiopia : Now and Twenty Years from Now

"According to democratic thinking, the basis for the relationship that exists between peoples and governments is the social contract that the two parties [freely] enter into. For, after all, the existence of societies and the individuals who constit…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 14, no. 2, 2014

‘Security regionalism and flaws of externally forged peace in Sudan: The IGAD peace process and its aftermath’ examines the IGAD peace process in Sudan, highlighting the dynamics and relative roles of the principal actors involved. It argues that al…

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