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Environmental Diplomacy and Human Security: The First Joint Workshop of the Foreign Service Institute, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Kenya, and the ISS, South Africa

"The first part of this report introduces the phenomenon of environmental diplomacy to the diplomat and other government officials. Dr Chris Abongo provides the necessary contextual analysis of environmental diplomacy, policy-making and practice. ...

eAfrica: The electronic Journal of Governance and Innovation, Vol 3, September 2005

Carbon trading as explained here can be a valuable asset to Africa’s economy as countries are starting to finance new projects to reduce pollution in Africa. However smaller companies might not benefit as much as they thought. Jerry Rawlings indic...

Chasing an Elusive Agreement: What Smaller Countries (i.e. G77+China) Need to do to Influence Climate Change Negotiations?

"As the world is converging at Warsaw, Poland, for the 19th session of climate change negotiations, questions still exist as to whether these negotiations will ever yield tangible benefits for smaller states and developing economies. Past sessions...

European Experiences with Burden Sharing in Climate Change Lessons Learned for the Post-2020 Negotiations

"Substantial differences exist between the situation around the 1997 EU burden sharing discussions and the current discussions on international climate change agreements for 2020. Here we discuss the main differences that are relevant for the iden...

Climate Change and Green Economy: Law as Driver of Change and Engine of Sustainability

This presentation on Climate Change starts off with an evolutionary perspective of how life on earth developed over millennia. The four main ecological phases are then described, followed by a definition of climate change. Greenhouse gases are dis...

The Promotion of Regional Environmental Security and Africa’s Common Position on Climate Change

The consequences of climate change poses a serious threat to peace and security on the African continent. It may, for instance, result in competition for and conflict about scarce resources. Potential conflict may be reduced by the capacity to ad...

Law and Climate Change in Nigeria

The presentation commences by explaining climate change with a short definition. Several issues are then discussed under the following heading : Climatic change versus global warming. Which are the greenhouse gases? Consequences of climate change...

Climate Change and Developing Countries

"This article takes stock of current knowledge of climate change and the response to this major problem affecting the environment and economic development. It begins with a brief review of climate change science and impacts as assessed by the Int...

Future Mitigation Commitments: Differentiating Among Non-Annex I Countries

"International climate policy is at a crossroads. The entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol marked an important step in international climate policy. At the same time, there is a lively debate on options for the mid- and long-term development of ...

Developing Institutions for the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM): African Perspectives

"The clean development mechanism (CDM) is a project-based mechanism that allows industrialized countries to meet part of their emission reduction targets by investing in developing countries. The Marrakech Accords launched the CDM in principle, ...

The EU and the Progressive Alliance Negotiating in Durban: Saving the Climate?

"This paper has discussed international climate change, and in particular the UN Durban Climate Summit held in December 2011, from an international relations perspective and by drawing on the literature on negotiations and EU foreign policy. It i...

Carbon Trading in Africa

"The story of the Abu Qir factory is a snapshot of how the carbon offset market under the UN’s Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) has worked to date. Most credits are generated by industrial gas-reduction projects, using cheap end-of-pipe technolo...

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