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Shared Growth and the Role of the State

"The discussion has shown that there are many key areas relating to the role of the state and growth where there is broad agreement and a strong commitment to take action and find solutions. Almost all the participants agreed that: Levels of poverty…

Poverty and Inequality: Facts, trends and Hard Choices

"The discussion was marked by the tension between the need to focus on inequality per se as opposed to focusing on mass poverty and unemployment as the best way of improving the quality of people’s lives. Some participants argued that addressing So…

Accelerating Growth in Tough Times

"The report identifies a contradiction between the lack of state capacity to support economic development and the government’s emphasis on state programmes and policies to address these constraints. The OECD also notes the ‘striking’ lack of policie…

South Africa's Door Knockers: Young people and unemployment in Metropolitan South Africa

"Principal among the carefully focused goals was that of surveying and assessing job creation ventures for young people in South Africa’s major metropolitan areas. As we have seen, this proved to be a far from simple task, and we found it difficult…

Why is South Africa failing to get the growth and jobs that it needs?

"In the first half of the Round Table, participants analysed a number of serious obstacles to growth and job creation. These included the causes of current low investor confidence; deeper-lying obstacles to growth in particular the difficulties asso…

Challenges and Prospects of Entrepreneurship Development and Job Creation for Unemployed Youth: Evidence from Addis Ababa and DireDawa City Administrations, Ethiopia

Almost 90 percent of the world’s youth are residents in countries where they can hardly access adequate education, capital, paid employment and health services. As the size of the younger population in Africa steadily swells to account to being the …

Ethiopia’s Refugee response: Focus on Socio-Economic Integration and Self-Reliance

Implementation of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework represents a major shift in Ethiopia’s refugee policy. Refugees living in camps will benefit from paid employment. Those in protracted situations will have opportunities to integrate loc…

Oranges and Labourers: The Potential for Job Creation in the Citrus Sub-sector of South Africa

Rural employment is a key policy issue in South Africa, yet the National Development Plan (NDP) of 2012 suggests that one million jobs can be created in agricultural production, processing and related activities. The plan suggests that more jobs can…

Agriculture, Land Reform and Jobs: Can South Africa make this Work?

The focus of this new CDE report is on the agricultural sector’s ability to generate growth and jobs within the current political and economic context. In particular, the report focuses on the effect the current land reform debate has had on critica…

Unemployment Mars Favourable Assessment of Batswana Government Performance

In his final State of the Nation Address, delivered in November 2017, President Ian Khama offered a positive economic outlook for Botswana, citing a recovery to 4.3% growth in 2016 and projected growth of 4.7% and 5.3% in 2017-2018. But while report…

Youth Employment in Botswana: Comparative Analysis of 2009/10 and 2015/16

The study examines determinants of youth unemployment in Botswana by comparing two different datasets- (2009/10 Botswana Core Welfare Indicator Survey (BCWIS) and 2015/16 Botswana Multi-Topic Household Survey (BMTHS)). The main objective of the stud…

Africans say Governments aren't Doing Enough to Help Youth

Addressing the needs of youth – for education, engagement, and livelihoods – has become a central tenet of global and continental policy discussions over the past decade. The African Youth Charter underscores the rights of youth to participate in po…

COVID-19 Lockdown a Crisis for Informal Traders Disadvantaged by Government Inaction

The COVID-19 pandemic has forced many countries to take drastic actions to reduce its spread and impact. In Zimbabwe, a national lockdown in effect since late March has been eased to allow select industry and commerce to operate, but the informal se…

Foresight Africa 2021

In Chapter 1, our authors offer strategies for how Africa’s policymakers can approach the pandemic as an opportunity for a “great reset” of their economies so that they can grow back stronger than ever before. In Chapter 2, our experts share their …

What Economic Sectors Drive Youth Employment in Nigeria?

The Nigeria economy continues to be plagued with unemployment especially amongst youths with about 29.7% and 25.7% of youths aged between 15-34 years reported in the third quarter of 2018 as been underemployment and unemployment respectively. Limite…

From Subsistence to Disruptive Innovation: Africa, The Fourth Industrial Revolution, and the Future of Jobs

Improving employment opportunities in Africa is already a major development policy issue, and given the number of young Africans expected to enter the job market over the next two decades, it will undoubtedly remain a concern. Academic research and …

Structural Change, Productivity, and Jobs Creation: Evidence from Tunisia

Although Tunisia has developed its higher education to move up the value chain, its economy has not been able to grow beyond low-skilled and low-wage activities. As a result, the newly unemployed have been mainly young and well-educated people, refl…

Supporting Jobs for Young Women and Men in Africa: A Framework for Country-level Analysis

Generating jobs for a growing population is a critical challenge that Africa faces. An additional 20 million young people will enter the working age population each year over the next decade. Africa has managed to generate economic growth since the …

Employment Creation Potential for Youth of Growth Sectors in the Kenyan Economy

Despite Kenya’s strong economic growth, expansion of employment in the formal sector has been slow over the last two decades. There has been limited structural change in the composition of recorded employment and the share of the informal sector rem…

Africans say Governments aren't doing Enough to Help Youth - Revised

Addressing the needs of youth – for education, engagement, and livelihoods – has become a central tenet of global and continental policy discussions over the past decade. The African Youth Charter underscores the rights of youth to participate in po…

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