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The Triple Crisis and the Global Aid Architecture

"The global economy is passing through a period of profound change. The immediate concern is with the financial crisis, originating in the North. The South is affected via lower commodity prices, reduced private financial flows, and falling remittan…

BIDPA Briefing 1st Quarter 2005

"This issue of the BIDPA Briefing discusses the sectoral performance of the economy during the decade to 2003/04. Mining and Government sectors posted strong growth rates. They accounted for 38 percent and 18 percent, respectively, of the total inc…

BIDPA Briefing 1st Quarter 2004

"This BIDPA Briefing issue looks at the annual performance of the economy over the period from 1992/93 to the first half of 2003/04. Over the period, there has been a gradual transformation in structure of the economy. There is also evidence of the …

BIDPA Briefing 3rd Quarter 2002

"In this issue of the briefing the impressive performance in the telecommunications sector is highlighted and the question is asked whether a precedent will be set for a broader microeconomic reform. Also discussed are the amendments to the African …

BIDPA Briefing 2nd Quarter 2002

"In this issue of the BIDPA briefing, we note that the newly introduced VAT, imposed on property transactions and building materials, and the long standing Transfer Duty appear less supportive of the National Housing Policy, and the Vision 2016 in t…

BIDPA Briefing 1st Quarter 2002

"In this issue of the BIDPA briefing, we note that the growth in government spending may be unsustainable if not complemented by a rise in the economy's productive capacity. This reinforces the need for the country to expedite its efforts to diversi…

BIDPA Briefing 2nd Quarter 2001

In this BIDPA Briefing the Botswana inflation rate is analyzed. It has persistently remained below South African core inflation since the latter part of 2000. This trend could partly be explained by the reduction in domestic inflationary pressures a…

BIDPA Briefing 3rd Quarter 2000

Various indicators show that the rate of growth of GDP is slowing down: greater competition for construction contracts, together with a slowdown in rents and property prices; a slower rate of increase of electricity consumption and of notes in circ…

BIDPA Briefing 2nd Quarter 2000

"In previous BIDPA Briefings, it was noted that the current boom has depended to a large extent on the high rate of increase in government spending. The continuation of the boom also largely depends, therefore, on whether or not the government incr…

BIDPA Briefing 1st Quarter 2000

"As noted in the BIDPA Briefing on the 2000 Budget, the Government plans to reduce the rate of growth of government spending quite drastically. The budget estimates for 2000/01 show that government spending will increase by only 3%, compared with 2…

Exchange Rates and Export Competitiveness Prepared for the World Bank Study on Export Diversification in Botswana

"The objective of the report is to provide an assessment of the role of the exchange rate in determining export competitiveness, as part of the broader Botswana Export Diversification Study. The report comprises three main sections: (i) Real and N…

South Africa’s Economic Slowdown and Its Policy Options

The economic picture in South Africa is clear and well known: low economic growth, high unemployment rates, and constrained fiscal policy threatened by rating agencies. The causes of such situations are diverse and both internal and external. How ca…

The Exchange Rate Pass-through to Inflation and its Implications for Monetary Policy in Cameroon and Kenya

Understanding how domestic prices adjust to the exchange rate enables us to anticipate the effects on inflation and monetary policy responses. This study examines the extent of the exchange rate pass-through to the Consumer Price Index in Cameroon a…

Determinants of Inflation in a Dollarized Economy: The Case of Zimbabwe

Adverse inflationary pressure has been a persistent feature of the Zimbabwean economy under a dollarized regime, which was adopted in January 2009. Since the beginning of 2012, the country’s annual inflation has been on a downward trend, initially e…

Inflation, Output and Monetary Policy in South Africa

South Africa adopted inflation targeting as its monetary policy framework in February 2000. The country’s monetary authorities, however, have struggled to keep inflation within the targeted 3%-6% band. A review of the literature reveals that an unde…

Quest for Growth and Resilience in the Face of Mounting Economic Headwinds: Analysis

The Minister of Finance unveiled a K119.6 billion 2021 Budget on Friday, 25th September, 2020. The Budget was themed; “Stimulate Economic Recovery and Build Resilience to Safeguard Livelihoods and Protect the Vulnerable.” It is worth noting that the…

Exchange Rate, Petroleum Price and Price Determination in Sierra Leone

The Sierra Leone economy is a net importer with a chronic negative balance of trade. Imports as a percentage of GDP averaged 40.8% between 2001 and 2010. Imports of food, mineral fuels and lubricants accounted for 50.8% of the total value of imports…

Dynamics of Food Price Inflation in Eastern Ethiopia: A Meso Macro Modeling

High inflationary pressure especially in food price has been a top agenda in many developing countries since the last decade as it has been hindering their socioeconomic development. Though Ethiopia is achieving an encouraging economic growth in re…

Analysis of Equilibrium Relationship among Government Budget Deficit, Money Supply and Inflation in Ethiopia: Co-integrated VAR Analysis Approach

This study attempted to provide empirical evidences for causal long‐term relationship between budget deficit, broad money supply and inflation in Ethiopia. For this purpose, the study employed co-integrated VAR or vector error correction (VEC) model…

Determinants of Price Dynamics in Ethiopia

In this study it is tried to uncover the determinants of recent inflationary pressures in Ethiopia. In particular, the study used both simple descriptive analysis as well as rigorous parametric analysis to trace the relationship between inflation an…

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