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Inflation Inequality in South Africa

"The inflation crisis of 2008 drew greater attention to the varying experiences of inflation in South Africa and,in particular, to the fact that different groups within society may have significantly differing inflation experiences. The groups may b…

Creating and Wasting Fiscal Space: Zambian Fiscal Performance 2002–2011

"Following three decades of economic mismanagement and decline, Zambia has experienced sustained economic growth since the turn of the century. The combination of rapid growth, reduced public expenditure, increased mining taxation and debt relief he…

Inflation Dynamics and Agricultural Supply Shocks in Uganda

Studies on inflation earlier in Uganda did not fully account for the potential role of supply side constraints in agriculture. This paper's purpose, therefore, is to estimate the determinants of inflation in Uganda. It highlights the possible feed…

Inflation Dynamics in Botswana and Bank of Botswana's Medium-Term Objective Range

"This study is motivated by the high and unpredictable episodes of inflation in Botswana over the last 20 years. This is despite the Bank of Botswana's concerted effort to keep inflation at its minimum and stable over time. More specifically, the Ba…

Nigeria Economic Update Issue 1

In this document several aspects regarding the Nigerian economy is explored. Firstly, under the heading: Economic Growth - the increase of the GDP growth rate is discussed. Energy, Oil and gas, talks about the decline of the OPEC weekly basket price…

Nigeria Economic Update Issue 2

This document discusses several issues regarding the Nigerian economy under the following headings; Fiscal Focus- talks briefly about the 2016-2018 Medium- Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF), as well as the 2016 budget which introduced the zero-based…

Nigeria Economic Update Issue 23

This document provides brief information on the Nigerian Economic Situation. The first article is on the Gross Domestic Product - Recent Data on Nigeria’s Real GDP growth rate (Year-on-Year) declined by 2.47 percentage points, from 2.11 % in 2015 Q4…

Single-Digit Inflation And The Cost Of Living Dichotomy In Ghana

'Ghana has a long history of high inflation rates, popularly attributed to supply not keeping up with demand. However, Ghana's current single digit inflation can be attributed to a number of factors including the reduction in global inflation rate …

Five Years Of Inflation-Targeting In Ghana: What Has Changed And What Needs To Change Further To Enhance The Process?

"After achieving political independence in 1957, Ghana set up its own central bank to conduct independent monetary policy among other functions. Since then, various frameworks have been adopted to deliver price stability as the principal goal of mon…

BIDPA Briefing 1st Quarter 2005

"This issue of the BIDPA Briefing discusses the sectoral performance of the economy during the decade to 2003/04. Mining and Government sectors posted strong growth rates. They accounted for 38 percent and 18 percent, respectively, of the total inc…

BIDPA Briefing 1st Quarter 2004

"This BIDPA Briefing issue looks at the annual performance of the economy over the period from 1992/93 to the first half of 2003/04. Over the period, there has been a gradual transformation in structure of the economy. There is also evidence of the …

BIDPA Briefing 3rd Quarter 2002

"In this issue of the briefing the impressive performance in the telecommunications sector is highlighted and the question is asked whether a precedent will be set for a broader microeconomic reform. Also discussed are the amendments to the African …

BIDPA Briefing 2nd Quarter 2002

"In this issue of the BIDPA briefing, we note that the newly introduced VAT, imposed on property transactions and building materials, and the long standing Transfer Duty appear less supportive of the National Housing Policy, and the Vision 2016 in t…

BIDPA Briefing 1st Quarter 2002

"In this issue of the BIDPA briefing, we note that the growth in government spending may be unsustainable if not complemented by a rise in the economy's productive capacity. This reinforces the need for the country to expedite its efforts to diversi…

BIDPA Briefing 2nd Quarter 2001

In this BIDPA Briefing the Botswana inflation rate is analyzed. It has persistently remained below South African core inflation since the latter part of 2000. This trend could partly be explained by the reduction in domestic inflationary pressures a…

BIDPA Briefing 3rd Quarter 2000

Various indicators show that the rate of growth of GDP is slowing down: greater competition for construction contracts, together with a slowdown in rents and property prices; a slower rate of increase of electricity consumption and of notes in circ…

BIDPA Briefing 2nd Quarter 2000

"In previous BIDPA Briefings, it was noted that the current boom has depended to a large extent on the high rate of increase in government spending. The continuation of the boom also largely depends, therefore, on whether or not the government incr…

BIDPA Briefing 1st Quarter 2000

"As noted in the BIDPA Briefing on the 2000 Budget, the Government plans to reduce the rate of growth of government spending quite drastically. The budget estimates for 2000/01 show that government spending will increase by only 3%, compared with 2…

Exchange Rates and Export Competitiveness Prepared for the World Bank Study on Export Diversification in Botswana

"The objective of the report is to provide an assessment of the role of the exchange rate in determining export competitiveness, as part of the broader Botswana Export Diversification Study. The report comprises three main sections: (i) Real and N…

The Inflationary Effects of Fiscal Deficit in Sierra Leone: A Simulation Approach

The objective of the study is to identify rules for the conduct of fiscal and monetary policies for low inflation in Sierra Leone. Policy simulations are carried out following the estimation of an inflation model with annual data from 1971 to 2012. …

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