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Inequalities in the Context of Structural Transformation: Senegal Country Case Study

Since the late 1990s it has become a priority of Senegal to reduce inequality and poverty. The catalysts are the structural adjustment policies, which have had disastrous consequences on the living conditions of populations. The policies undertaken…

Socio-Economic Determinants of Crime in South Africa: an Empirical Assessment

This paper has attempted to understand how socio-economic factors influence crime in South Africa at the police precinct level. We find that the relationships between crime and these variables are influenced by the type of crime (property, robbery…

Gold Exploitation and Socioeconomic Outcomes: The Case of Burkina Faso

This paper investigates how the gold boom that started in 2007 has affected socioeconomic outcomes in Burkina Faso. A simple theoretical model was developed to show the expected impacts, and these were validated by an empirical analysis. Results …

Opportunities First: A New Lens to Shape Priorities for Action in Middle-Income Countries

This report advocates a fundamental change in approach to entrenched poverty in middle-income developing countries by emphasising the ‘O’ rather than the ‘E’ of an equal opportunity ideal. Aspirations to social mobility and justice are more effec…

La Stratégie de Croissance Accélérée du Sénégal est-elle pro-Pauvre? / Is Senegal's Accelerated Growth Strategy Pro-Poor?

The main purpose of the Senegalese accelerated growth strategy (AGS) is to boost economic growth so as to make poor people share its benefits. In any given economy, there is a relationship between growth, poverty reduction and income distribution. I…

Contribution of Early-Age Circumstances to Inequalities in Educational Achievement: A Within and Across Age Cohorts Comparative Study for Ethiopia

The academic evaluation system that focuses on rewarding students with high achievements and penalizing the low achievers by only looking at their test scores is misleading and unjust. First, inequality due to predetermined child circumstances sho…

Développement Financier, Croissance économique et Inégalités de Revenus entre les Pays de l’UEMOA / Financial Development, Economic Growth and Inequalities of Income between WAEMU Countries

The aim of this paper is to analyse the impact of financial development first on GDP per capita growth and second on inequalities between UEMOA countries during the period 1960- 2002. Time series data are from the 2004 World Development Indicators C…

Trade, Inequality and Morocco

International trade has become a pervasive feature of our lives, yet it remains controversial and resisted across the world. High and rising income inequality, which is often blamed on international trade, especially trade with China, is one reason…

Trade, Inclusiveness, Inequality and the WTO: A South African Perspective on a Complex Debate

Economic globalisation is coming under increasing scrutiny in many parts of the world. In particular, its trade aspect is increasingly, and critically, being questioned, by populist politicians in the West and developing worlds alike. In the proces…

Assessing Long-Term State Fragility in Africa: Prospects for 26 ‘more fragile’ Countries

"This monograph has presented a model of fragility drawn from the contemporary scholarly and practice-oriented literature, provided a long-term, ‘structural’ forecast on the future of Africa’s more fragile countries, and developed various alterna…

Inflation Inequality in South Africa

"The inflation crisis of 2008 drew greater attention to the varying experiences of inflation in South Africa and,in particular, to the fact that different groups within society may have significantly differing inflation experiences. The groups may b…

Debates in Post-Conflict Development in Africa Lessons for Development Agencies

"Post-conflict societies face enormous challenges and international development agencies work in complex and volatile contexts. This brief has argued that in order to do justice to the role that international assistance could play in supporting deve…

Considering the Relevance of Peacebuilding within External Interventions in Africa

The continued relevance of peacebuilding within external interventions in Africa is being questioned in this paper. The relevance of peacebuilding means not only dealing with the causes of conflicts passed, but also engaging with the harbingers of v…

Forgotten by the Highway: Globalisation, Adverse Incorporation and Chronic Poverty in a Commercial Farming District

An analysis of the livelihoods of the off-farm poor in Ceres has highlighted several key issues and redressed some important imbalances. In the first place, it has shown up the importance of going beyond narrow money-metric approaches and rather …

Workshop on Poverty and Environment in Uganda. Report of Uganda National Workshop

"The first paper, The Conceptual Framework for Poverty Analysis and Reduction in Zambia, argues that poverty analysis and reduction in Zambia is generally misconceived because of lack of adequate understanding of its real causes and vision. In the s…

Rural Investments to Accelerate Growth and Poverty Reduction in Kenya

"Kenya’s economy is relatively diverse, with both agricultural and industrial potential. However, the economy has performed poorly over the last decade, and poverty and inequality have risen. This paper examines the impact of alternative growth path…

Zimbabwe's Current Socio-Economic and Political Situation: Challenges and Prospects

"The papers focused mainly on social, economic, political and cultural aspects, both at national and regional levels. The main issues raised during the workshop include: Inequality among social classes and how polarization of these classes contribut…

Shared Growth and the Role of the State

"The discussion has shown that there are many key areas relating to the role of the state and growth where there is broad agreement and a strong commitment to take action and find solutions. Almost all the participants agreed that: Levels of poverty…

Poverty and Inequality: Facts, trends and Hard Choices

"The discussion was marked by the tension between the need to focus on inequality per se as opposed to focusing on mass poverty and unemployment as the best way of improving the quality of people’s lives. Some participants argued that addressing So…

Botswana: Future Prospects and the Need for Broad-based Development

"A closer look at Botswana’s ‘success story’ reveals a number of disturbing trends. Despite an impressive track record, Botswana’s growth has not translated into a significant degree of socio-economic transformation – the benefits of economic growt…

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