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Assessing Long-Term State Fragility in Africa: Prospects for 26 ‘more fragile’ Countries

"This monograph has presented a model of fragility drawn from the contemporary scholarly and practice-oriented literature, provided a long-term, ‘structural’ forecast on the future of Africa’s more fragile countries, and developed various alterna…

Inflation Inequality in South Africa

"The inflation crisis of 2008 drew greater attention to the varying experiences of inflation in South Africa and,in particular, to the fact that different groups within society may have significantly differing inflation experiences. The groups may b…

Debates in Post-Conflict Development in Africa Lessons for Development Agencies

"Post-conflict societies face enormous challenges and international development agencies work in complex and volatile contexts. This brief has argued that in order to do justice to the role that international assistance could play in supporting deve…

Considering the Relevance of Peacebuilding within External Interventions in Africa

The continued relevance of peacebuilding within external interventions in Africa is being questioned in this paper. The relevance of peacebuilding means not only dealing with the causes of conflicts passed, but also engaging with the harbingers of v…

Forgotten by the Highway: Globalisation, Adverse Incorporation and Chronic Poverty in a Commercial Farming District

An analysis of the livelihoods of the off-farm poor in Ceres has highlighted several key issues and redressed some important imbalances. In the first place, it has shown up the importance of going beyond narrow money-metric approaches and rather …

Inequalities in the Context of Structural Transformation: Senegal Country Case Study

Since the late 1990s it has become a priority of Senegal to reduce inequality and poverty. The catalysts are the structural adjustment policies, which have had disastrous consequences on the living conditions of populations. The policies undertaken…

Socio-Economic Determinants of Crime in South Africa: an Empirical Assessment

This paper has attempted to understand how socio-economic factors influence crime in South Africa at the police precinct level. We find that the relationships between crime and these variables are influenced by the type of crime (property, robbery…

Gold Exploitation and Socioeconomic Outcomes: The Case of Burkina Faso

This paper investigates how the gold boom that started in 2007 has affected socioeconomic outcomes in Burkina Faso. A simple theoretical model was developed to show the expected impacts, and these were validated by an empirical analysis. Results …

Opportunities First: A New Lens to Shape Priorities for Action in Middle-Income Countries

This report advocates a fundamental change in approach to entrenched poverty in middle-income developing countries by emphasising the ‘O’ rather than the ‘E’ of an equal opportunity ideal. Aspirations to social mobility and justice are more effec…

La Stratégie de Croissance Accélérée du Sénégal est-elle pro-Pauvre? / Is Senegal's Accelerated Growth Strategy Pro-Poor?

The main purpose of the Senegalese accelerated growth strategy (AGS) is to boost economic growth so as to make poor people share its benefits. In any given economy, there is a relationship between growth, poverty reduction and income distribution. I…

Contribution of Early-Age Circumstances to Inequalities in Educational Achievement: A Within and Across Age Cohorts Comparative Study for Ethiopia

The academic evaluation system that focuses on rewarding students with high achievements and penalizing the low achievers by only looking at their test scores is misleading and unjust. First, inequality due to predetermined child circumstances sho…

Développement Financier, Croissance économique et Inégalités de Revenus entre les Pays de l’UEMOA / Financial Development, Economic Growth and Inequalities of Income between WAEMU Countries

The aim of this paper is to analyse the impact of financial development first on GDP per capita growth and second on inequalities between UEMOA countries during the period 1960- 2002. Time series data are from the 2004 World Development Indicators C…

Will Formalising Property Rights Reduce Poverty in South Africa's 'Second Economy'? Questioning the Mythologies of Hernando de Soto

"De Soto’s influential book The mystery of capital offers a simple yet beguiling message: capitalism can be made to work for the poor, through formalising their property rights in houses, land and small businesses. This approach resonates strongly …

Trends in Poverty and Inequality Since the Political Transition

"Using a constructed data series and another data series based on the All Media and Products surveys (AMPS), this paper explores trends in poverty and income distribution over the post-transition period. To steer clear of an unduly optimistic conc…

The Trouble with Poverty: Reflections on South Africa's Post-Apartheid Anti-Poverty Consensus

"This paper considers the state of poverty discourse in South Africa since 1994: the ideological frameworks, narratives and assumptions that have shaped the construction of poverty as an object of academic knowledge, policy management and political …

Economic Transformation Beyond 2010: Short-term Remedies and Long-term Strategies

"In the wake of the 2009 general elections, and in the midst of a global recession, a new political guard, representing the post-Polokwane power shift within the African National Congress, took the reins of government. The composition of the new Zum…

Transformation Audit 2012 The Youth Dividend Unlocking the Potential of Young South Africans

"This edition of the Transformation Audit makes young people its focal point; accordingly, most of the articles have been written or co-written by emerging young scholars and practitioners. The review articles are incisive, and the opinion article…

Inequality, Poverty, Growth and Institutions: Understanding the Linkages in Kenya

"This Brief analyzes the linkage between inequality, poverty and economic growth in addition to assessing the extent to which growth in Kenya has been pro-poor. It also explores the link between institutions, poverty and inequality. The macroecono…

Growth, Poverty Reduction and Inequality in Ethiopia: The Role of Labor Markets (between 1994 and 2004)

"In poverty literature, poverty reduction in a growing economy is analyzed in association with inequality. Economic growth could be accompanied with growing inequality, or with no change in inequality (distribution neutral growth), or with declining…

Reducing Inequality and Poverty while Mitigating Climate Change Key Challenges for Research and Practice in Middle Income Countries in Africa and Latin America

"What is the relationship between emissions, inequality and poverty? Growing wealth supposedly correlates with increasing emissions. Rich countries are historically high in per capita emissions, whereas poor countries have low per capita emissio…

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