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Assessing Human Development in SADC: 1990-2008

"This paper assesses the state of progress in human development across selected key development indicators in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. This is a largely descriptive exercise based on a review and presentation of da...

Inequalities in the Context of Structural Transformation: Senegal Country Case Study

Since the late 1990s it has become a priority of Senegal to reduce inequality and poverty. The catalysts are the structural adjustment policies, which have had disastrous consequences on the living conditions of populations. The policies undertak...

Socio-Economic Determinants of Crime in South Africa: an Empirical Assessment

This paper has attempted to understand how socio-economic factors influence crime in South Africa at the police precinct level. We find that the relationships between crime and these variables are influenced by the type of crime (property, robbe...

Gold Exploitation and Socioeconomic Outcomes: The Case of Burkina Faso

This paper investigates how the gold boom that started in 2007 has affected socioeconomic outcomes in Burkina Faso. A simple theoretical model was developed to show the expected impacts, and these were validated by an empirical analysis. Result...

Opportunities First: A New Lens to Shape Priorities for Action in Middle-Income Countries

This report advocates a fundamental change in approach to entrenched poverty in middle-income developing countries by emphasising the ‘O’ rather than the ‘E’ of an equal opportunity ideal. Aspirations to social mobility and justice are more eff...

La Stratégie de Croissance Accélérée du Sénégal est-elle pro-Pauvre? / Is Senegal's Accelerated Growth Strategy Pro-Poor?

The main purpose of the Senegalese accelerated growth strategy (AGS) is to boost economic growth so as to make poor people share its benefits. In any given economy, there is a relationship between growth, poverty reduction and income distribution....

Contribution of Early-Age Circumstances to Inequalities in Educational Achievement: A Within and Across Age Cohorts Comparative Study for Ethiopia

The academic evaluation system that focuses on rewarding students with high achievements and penalizing the low achievers by only looking at their test scores is misleading and unjust. First, inequality due to predetermined child circumstances s...

Développement Financier, Croissance économique et Inégalités de Revenus entre les Pays de l’UEMOA / Financial Development, Economic Growth and Inequalities of Income between WAEMU Countries

The aim of this paper is to analyse the impact of financial development first on GDP per capita growth and second on inequalities between UEMOA countries during the period 1960- 2002. Time series data are from the 2004 World Development Indicators...

Trade, Inequality and Morocco

International trade has become a pervasive feature of our lives, yet it remains controversial and resisted across the world. High and rising income inequality, which is often blamed on international trade, especially trade with China, is one reas...

Trade, Inclusiveness, Inequality and the WTO: A South African Perspective on a Complex Debate

Economic globalisation is coming under increasing scrutiny in many parts of the world. In particular, its trade aspect is increasingly, and critically, being questioned, by populist politicians in the West and developing worlds alike. In the proc...

Structural Change and Patterns of Inequality in the South African Labour Market

In the post-apartheid era South Africa has found itself in a long run growth trap with growth in Agriculture and Manufacturing notably absent from the economy, resulting in an inability of the economy to absorb excess labour supply. To understand ...

Social Cohesion among South Africans, and between South Africans and Foreigners: Evidence from the South African Reconciliation Barometer 2017

The first section of this paper, discusses the question: What in your view are the underlying causes of ongoing stigma and discrimination experienced by migrant communities in South Africa? In this section, the author considers the state of social...

Corruption as an Obstacle to Reconciliation: Its Impact on Inequality and the Erosion of Trust in Institutions and People

This paper explores the relationship between inequality and reconciliation, corruption and inequality, and corruption and institutional trust. We have seen how corruption and mismanagement, at a local and national level, has affected access to ba...

The Gap between Rich and Poor: South African Society’s Biggest Divide Depends on Where You Think You Fit In

This paper investigated the possible relationship between relative financial situation and the sentiment whether or not inequality is the primary source of division in South Africa. This matters, as we have shown through our literature review, bec...

Social Cohesion and Inequality in South Africa

In this paper, we examine recent trends in social cohesion and inequality, and the relationship between the two in South Africa, using data from the South African Reconciliation Barometer (SARB) surveys. Given the country’s history of long-term ra...

Poverty and Inequality Analysis in the IGAD Region: Regional Profile and Country Status

This paper assesses the extent of poverty and inequality in the IGAD region. It also assesses the decomposition of poverty and empirically analyze the determinants of multidimensional poverty for each member States. The global Multidimensional P...

The African Leadership Forum 2015: "Moving Towards an Integrated Africa"

On the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the African Union (AU)—the Heads of State and Government expressed their commitment to the enduring Pan-African vision of an ‘integrated, prosperous, and peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens a...

The Anatomy of Fragile States in Sub-Saharan Africa: Understanding the Inter-relationship Between Fragility and Deprivation

According to most classifications, Sub-Saharan Africa is the region of the world with the highest presence of fragile states. In this paper we examine the relationship between fragility and poverty, suggesting that countries may become trapped in ...

Towards Accelerated Growth and Transformation of the Nigeria Economy: Missed Opportunities, Existing Prospects and the Way Forward

This paper reviews the structural transformation process in Nigeria with particular focus on the role played by the agricultural and industrial sectors. It seeks to explore the issue of whether Nigeria's economic transformation process is capable ...

Efficience de production du secteur informel non-agricole et réduction de la pauvreté au Cameroun / Production efficiency of non-agricultural informal sector and poverty reduction in Cameroun

This study analyzes the production of non-agricultural informal sector in Cameroon and determines how it’s efficiency can help improve living standards in Cameroon. For this purpose, data envelopment analysis (DEA) was used to measure the level of...

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