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Political Violence in Kenya A Study of Causes, Responses, and a Framework for Discussing Preventive Action

"This paper focuses on political violence in Kenya. The rationale of the paper is to understand how such violence can best be prevented. To do this, we must first understand the history of political violence in Kenya and what factors in society co...

The Nexus Between Migration and Human Security Zimbabwean Migrants in South Africa

"The aims of this paper are to contextualise the migration of Zimbabweans to South Africa, document their experiences, and establish the security implications for both South Africa and the migrants that arise from this large-scale migration. Altho...

The Involvement of the Private Security Sector in Peacekeeping Missions

"PMSCs had been used in Iraq and Afghanistan and played an increasingly important role in both modern warfare and peacekeeping, a fact that could not be ignored. Likewise, the role that Executive Outcomes played in supporting the government in Sie...

Environmental Diplomacy and Human Security: The First Joint Workshop of the Foreign Service Institute, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Kenya, and the ISS, South Africa

"The first part of this report introduces the phenomenon of environmental diplomacy to the diplomat and other government officials. Dr Chris Abongo provides the necessary contextual analysis of environmental diplomacy, policy-making and practice. ...

Internal Displacement and the Threats to Human Security Workshop: Consultative conference proceedings report

"The workshop posed a number of questions that need to be answered about the management of IDPs: Who qualifies to be an IDP, and what are the triggers of internal displacement in the region? What is the state of research on human security and int...

Merchants of African Conflict More Than Just a Pound of Flesh

"This monograph is a modest contribution to the body of knowledge that seeks to intensify the call for the regulation of PMSCs in Africa, especially in the context of African conflicts. That African conflicts have included the use of PMSCs is not ...

Climate Change and Natural Resources Conflicts in Africa

"The conference aims to address a number of questions such as: How vulnerable are the economies of Africa to the impact of climate variability and change? How are national and regional institutions preparing to adapt to the impact of climate varia...

Nature and Extent of Environmental Crime in Kenya

"This report deals with the nature and extent of environmental crime in Kenya and was commissioned by the Environmental Crimes Project (ECP) of the Institute for Security Studies (ISS). The ECP is a project in partnership with the East African Pol...

A Strategic Conflict Assessment of Zambia

"The purpose of this study on Zambia is to present an overview of current trends, risks and opportunities for conflict mitigation. The study highlights potential areas of concern, and will conclude with recommendations to guide strategy aimed at m...

Political Economy of Regionalisation in Central Africa

"This monograph argues that until there is a positive alignment between political security and human security, the region will continue to face a human security crisis. In attempting to explain the absence of deep integration, the monograph borrow...

Promotion of Human Security in Africa: The Role of African Human Rights Institutions

"This study aims to examine the role of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR) and the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights (AHRC) in the promotion of human security in Africa. It specifically addresses ways in which the...

Rights of Children in Conflict An Evaluation of Japanese Official Development Assistance in Acholiland, Northern Uganda

"As part of Japan’s efforts to strengthen dialogue with African countries in preparation for the Fourth Tokyo Inter-national Conference on African Development (TICAD IV), the Japanese embassy in Addis Ababa mandated the office of the Institute for...

Africa 2008 – 2009: Retrospective look at the past year and forecast for the new year

"The present Situation Report is an attempt to make sense of the various and contrasting developments that marked the year 2008 in Africa from a human security perspective.It also provides some clues to understand the events that are likely to sha...

Militias Rebels and Islamist Militants: Human insecurity and state crisis in Africa

"Militias, rebels and Islamist militants: human insecurity and state crises in Africa explores how armed non-state groups have emerged as key players in African politics and armed conflicts since the 1990s. The book is a critical, multidisciplina...

Domestic Terrorism in Africa: Defining, Addressing and Understanding its Impact on Human Security

"This report contains some of the papers that were presented at the fourth seminar of the ‘Understanding terrorism in Africa’ series. The seminar, held under the theme of ‘Understanding domestic terrorism in Africa’, took place in Accra, Ghana fr...

Regional Workshop on Promoting SSR in the Horn of Africa

"This paper presented the findings of a survey of security system reform (SSR) in African countries. The survey suggests that changing political, economic and security circumstances have obliged virtually all African governments to consider some ...

United States of Africa Positioning the Pan-African Parliament and Court in the Political Union Debate

"The paper argues that whatever model may be chosen for the political union, reforms of the two institutions as currently constituted will be an absolute necessity. With respect to the African Court, the suggestion is made that reform should take...

African Civil Society: Prospects for Raising Awareness on Priority Issues

Sub-Saharan Africa is grappling with such severe and recurring economic, political and social crises that some of them, including HIV/AIDS, food insecurity and civil war, have ended up as humanitarian disasters. Making such a statement is not ind...

Brazilian Perspectives on Human Security

"This paper aims to advance discussions on human security and how the concept serves as a tool for approaching new(and longstanding) issues of internal and external security in the Latin American context, more specifically in the Brazilian context...

Human Security in India: A mixed bag

"India is racing against time. The Millennium Development Goals are still far away. But the government has taken a series of policy measures which, if pursued meticulously, could take it nearer the goals. In order to bridge the urban-rural divide,...

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