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An Analysis of Household Income and Expenditure in Tanzania

"Chapter 2 of PHDR 2009 examined national progress in poverty reduction by comparing findings from the latest Household Budget Survey conducted in 2007 with the previous HBS in 2000/01. The analysis looked at household well-being from several diffe…

Mother's Spending Decisions, Ethnicity and Child Malnutrition in Ghana

"I argue in this policy brief that the relationship between ethnicity and the mother’s role in child nutrition is either direct or indirect, depending on the nature of cultural practices. Thus, in a setting with cultural practices such as food taboo…

Poverty and Inequality Dynamics in Uganda: Insights from the Uganda National Panel Surveys 2005/6 and 2009/10

"While Uganda has made significant efforts in reducing the proportion of individuals and households living below the absolute poverty line, nearly 10 percent of the households continue to live in persistent or chronic poverty with significant differ…

Migration, Remittances and Development in Southern Africa

Remittances by migrants are now a focus of attention of governments and development agencies worldwide. Globally, cash remittances by international migrants now exceed $250 billion per annum, easily outweighing the value of development assistance. O…

Comparisons of Urban and Rural Poverty Determinants in Cameroon

The purpose of this paper is to determine the key variables that affect urban and rural living standards and hence poverty, as well as to identify the factors that explain the existing poverty differences between rural and urban households in Came…

The Impact of an Unconditional Non-Contributory Cash Transfer Scheme on the Wellbeing of the Elderly in Ekiti State, Nigeria

Nigeria’s elderly population (65 and older) increased by 5.4 million between the end of the civil war in 1970 and 2010. It is projected to reach 11 million by 2025. An aging population is problematic because, in a country with a large informal sect…

Agriculture to Nutrition (ANTONU): Evaluation of Integrated Agriculture and Nutrition-Sensitive Interventions for the African Chicken Genetic Gains (ACGG) Program in Ethiopia - Baseline Data

This project aims to develop, implement, and evaluate nutrition-sensitive interventions within the context of existing smallholder farming households with the goal of improving the nutritional status of women of reproductive age and young childre…

Taxation of Goods and Services in the Informal Sector in Cameroon

The reform of the Cameroonian tax system is an integral part of the adjustment policies adopted in the second half of the 1980s. The focal point of this tax reform was the introduction of value-added tax (VAT). However, the importance of the informa…

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