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United Nations Peacebuilding Architecture in Practice: Perspectives from Local Peacebuilders in the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes Region

This report is the Life & Peace Institute (LPI) and its partners’ written submission to the 2020 United Nations (UN) Peacebuilding Architecture Review process. As the outcome of a series of consultations, it gathers perspectives from a diverse range…

Food Insecurity in the Horn of Africa and its Impact on Peace in the Region

The link between food insecurity and peace and security has become one of the centres of academic policy and political discourses. Particularly, in the Horn of Africa, there is a close link between exposure of countries to external or internal confl…

Horn of Africa and COVID-19: Peace and Security Implications and Possible Policy Options

This brief is an outcome of the webinar conference held on July 16, 2020 and co-hosted by the HORN Institute and the Institute of Diplomacy and International Studies (IDIS) at the University of Nairobi. The webinar brought together leading scholars …

Flirting with Hyenas: How External Interests are Fuelling Instability in the Horn of Africa

This study examines how external factors are destabilizing the Horn of Africa region. The objective is to demonstrate how external commercial, geostrategic, political, and military interests are contributing significantly to this phenomenon, and exp…

Strategies for Deterring Al Shabab Terrorism in the Horn of Africa

This policy brief proposes three potential strategies to deter terrorism in the Horn of Africa: punishment, denial, and delegitimization. Al Shabab’s modus operandi will be discussed, and strategies to effectively target the group will be introduced…

Sustainable Financing for Trade and Investment in the Horn of Africa (HoA) Region

The fast-growing global interdependence in trade and investment and the ensuing fiercer market competitions have changed the way economic development is pursued and assessed. Identifying and maintaining comparative advantages based on endowments, su…

Regional Integration and Trade Development in the HoA: Progress and Challenges

Throughout the world, regional integration agenda has been of high priority, as the UN Sustainable Development Goals explicitly stated trade related measures and economic cooperation as instruments to eradicate global poverty. The various goals unde…

Reconfiguring Alliances in the Horn of Africa: Implications for Regional Stability and Integration

While the trilateral alliance formed in 2018 by Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia has resolved some obstacles to peace in the Horn of Africa, it has also created new risks for stability and regional integration. Tensions between and within states that a…

Annual Report on IGAD Economies: Macroeconomic Developments, Climatic Shocks and the State of Food Security in IGAD 2018

The Intergovernmental Authority for Development (IGAD) is a regional bloc formed by eight countries in the horn of Africa region (Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, and Uganda). The region is highly vulnerable to recu…

Geo-Politics in the Horn of Africa

“The Great Game”, as it has been called, has been playing out in the region, layering new rivalries and ideological quarrels, onto preexisting post-colonial conflicts that have yet to be resolved. Berbera is again a point of interest. In 2018, the U…

The Horn of Africa-Persian Gulf Nexus: Inter-Regional Dynamics and the Reshaping of Regional Order in Geopolitical Flux

The Horn of Africa is a complex site of geopolitical and geostrategic importance, inextricably linked to key aspects of its history and geography. The uptick in engagement by external actors, and their attendant interests, alliances and agendas, und…

The Strategic Extension of the United Arab Emirates: Determinants, Objectives and some Implications for the Horn of Africa

Increasingly, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) strengthens its position within the Arab region that is of strong geopolitical attributes. There has never been as much diplomatic and military activism in the UAE’s history as in the last decade. Such a …

Return and (Re)Integration in Fragile Contexts: The Experiences of Somali Returnees

Given the increasing number of people returning to Somalia and the political, social and economic consequences thereof, the reintegration of these Somali refugees, rejected asylum seekers, deportees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) becomes an…

Climate Change-Induced Migration in the Horn of Africa

The Horn of Africa has been facing a wide range of interconnected and mutually reinforcing negative conditions for many years. Recently, climate change-induced migration, either voluntary in nature as an adaptation strategy or through displacement, …

Cross-border Infrastructure Cooperation in the Horn of Africa (HoA) Region

Regional transport infrastructure provide linkage with global supply chains and distribution networks. Likewise, regional power infrastructure allows access to reliable and competitive power for businesses, households and public services. Although t…

Food Security, Climate Challenges and Resilience Building in the Horn of Africa (HoA)

Food insecurity is one of the major challenges in the Horn of Africa (HoA). It is becoming structural through time as most of the poor are concentrated in the arid and semi-arid ecosystems and, as a result of population growth, have been forced to c…

Development Prospects for the Horn of Africa Countries to 2040

The Horn of Africa is one of the world’s most challenging regions for security and development. It is also a highly significant geostrategic site. This report uses the International Futures modelling platform to analyse current and future developmen…

Durable Solutions to Migration Challenges in East Africa and the Horn

Migration is a major issue in East Africa and the Horn. The complex governance challenges presented by mixed migration for both the sending and receiving states has pushed migration to the top of policy and academic debates. This report aims to info…

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