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Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 26 No.4 July-August 2014

‘Myths of oil riches drive resource conflict’ discusses some of the causes and content of the main myths about oil discoveries in the HOA and their role in driving expectations and conflict. It provides, as counterbalance, a brief analysis of explor…

Civil Society and Regional Peacebuilding in the Horn of Africa: A review of present engagement and future opportunities

"Over several decades, the Horn of Africa has been recognised as a complex system of conflicts, where the conflicts in the region are interlinked and trans-boundary in nature. In the field of peacebuilding, there is a growing realization that peaceb…

Peace Building in Africa: Bridging Theory and Practice

"Peacebuilding in Africa: Bridging Theory and Practice took place in Bujumbura, Burundi, at the end of November 2012. Over the course of three days, the conference gathered together peacebuilding practitioners and scholars from the Great Lakes and H…

Peace, Federalism and Human Rights: Papers presented at the first Graduate Conference on Peace, Federalism and Human Rights

The first edition of the Graduate Conference was held on 12 and 13 August 2015 at the premises of the Institute. Of the 15 papers presented during the conference, eleven are included in this publication. The objective of the paper titled “ Insights…

Assessment of Economic Integration in IGAD

"This study seeks to assess the progress made so far and the challenges that face regional integration process in the Horn of Africa with especial emphasis on IGAD; and it provides a roadmap to enhance the regional efforts beyond the creation of fre…

Economic Growth in the Horn of Africa: Identifying Principal Drivers and Determinants

"The Horn of Africa countries had poor economic growth for many decades before the 2000’s. Various studies were conducted to uncover the factors responsible for the poor economic performance and divergence from the developing regions. Opinions varie…

The Eritrea - Djibouti Border Dispute

"The objective of this situation report is to provide timely and relevant information and analysis on the border dispute that recently broke out between Eritrea and Djibouti.The facts at hand being fragmented, it is too early and difficult to prov…

Regional Security in the Post-Cold War Horn of Africa

"This monograph contains papers that were presented and extensively discussed at this particular Expert Roundtable. The monograph primarily attempts to study political decision-making, personalities and historical experiences, and also to identify …

Conflict in the Horn of Africa: Background and outlook

This Brief Report describes the conflict in the Horn of Africa, which serves as a communications route to the Indian Ocean, Africa and the Middle East. The report describes the situation in Ethiopia, which has historically dominated the region and i…

Ethnic Conflict in the Horn of Africa

"This paper looks at the formation of ethnicity and ethnic conflict in the Horn of Africa with particular attention to the conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea. Firstly, conflict in the Horn of Africa at large is mapped out. Ethnic and political gr…

Ethiopia's Regional Diplomacies: A Dominant Interpretation of the Horn of Africa

Ethiopia has a long diplomatic history and extensive experience in foreign relations.Previous Ethiopian regimes, particularly Mengistu’s military regime, externalised almost all the country’s problems by focusing on building military defence capabi…

Climate Change and Pastoralism: Traditional Coping Mechanisms and Conflict in the Horn of Africa

"This book is not only attempting to understand and document the problem, and analyze the interventions but also to understand the traditional coping mechanisms of pastoral communities and evaluate whether external interventions streamline those m…

United Nations Peacebuilding Architecture in Practice: Perspectives from Local Peacebuilders in the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes Region

This report is the Life & Peace Institute (LPI) and its partners’ written submission to the 2020 United Nations (UN) Peacebuilding Architecture Review process. As the outcome of a series of consultations, it gathers perspectives from a diverse range…

Food Insecurity in the Horn of Africa and its Impact on Peace in the Region

The link between food insecurity and peace and security has become one of the centres of academic policy and political discourses. Particularly, in the Horn of Africa, there is a close link between exposure of countries to external or internal confl…

Horn of Africa and COVID-19: Peace and Security Implications and Possible Policy Options

This brief is an outcome of the webinar conference held on July 16, 2020 and co-hosted by the HORN Institute and the Institute of Diplomacy and International Studies (IDIS) at the University of Nairobi. The webinar brought together leading scholars …

Flirting with Hyenas: How External Interests are Fuelling Instability in the Horn of Africa

This study examines how external factors are destabilizing the Horn of Africa region. The objective is to demonstrate how external commercial, geostrategic, political, and military interests are contributing significantly to this phenomenon, and exp…

Strategies for Deterring Al Shabab Terrorism in the Horn of Africa

This policy brief proposes three potential strategies to deter terrorism in the Horn of Africa: punishment, denial, and delegitimization. Al Shabab’s modus operandi will be discussed, and strategies to effectively target the group will be introduced…

Sustainable Financing for Trade and Investment in the Horn of Africa (HoA) Region

The fast-growing global interdependence in trade and investment and the ensuing fiercer market competitions have changed the way economic development is pursued and assessed. Identifying and maintaining comparative advantages based on endowments, su…

Regional Integration and Trade Development in the HoA: Progress and Challenges

Throughout the world, regional integration agenda has been of high priority, as the UN Sustainable Development Goals explicitly stated trade related measures and economic cooperation as instruments to eradicate global poverty. The various goals unde…

Reconfiguring Alliances in the Horn of Africa: Implications for Regional Stability and Integration

While the trilateral alliance formed in 2018 by Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia has resolved some obstacles to peace in the Horn of Africa, it has also created new risks for stability and regional integration. Tensions between and within states that a…

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