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The Eritrea - Djibouti Border Dispute

"The objective of this situation report is to provide timely and relevant information and analysis on the border dispute that recently broke out between Eritrea and Djibouti.The facts at hand being fragmented, it is too early and difficult to pr...

Regional Security in the Post-Cold War Horn of Africa

"This monograph contains papers that were presented and extensively discussed at this particular Expert Roundtable. The monograph primarily attempts to study political decision-making, personalities and historical experiences, and also to identif...

Conflict in the Horn of Africa: Background and outlook

This Brief Report describes the conflict in the Horn of Africa, which serves as a communications route to the Indian Ocean, Africa and the Middle East. The report describes the situation in Ethiopia, which has historically dominated the region and...

Ethnic Conflict in the Horn of Africa

"This paper looks at the formation of ethnicity and ethnic conflict in the Horn of Africa with particular attention to the conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea. Firstly, conflict in the Horn of Africa at large is mapped out. Ethnic and political ...

The Political Economy of Extractives in the Borderlands

The first contribution titled: Extractives in the Horn of Africa: Regional potential and challenges by Muhumuza Didas discusses government legitimacy, among others as a critical factor for the success of the extractive industry; the need for commu...

The Khartoum Process A Sustainable Response to Human Smuggling and Trafficking?

With the "migration crisis", in 2012 - 2015, citizens from the Horn of Africa have been arriving irregularly in Europe in unprecedented numbers, whilst featuring disproportionately amongst the fatalities. This has prompted the launch of the Kharto...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 29 No 2 March-April 2017

The panoramic article by Desta reviews the Information and Communications Technology for Peace (ICT4P) literature on the Horn of Africa (the Horn) and showcases the varying levels towards which peacebuilders in the Horn have been able to exploit t...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 28 No. 6 November-December 2016

"The opening article by Semiha Abdulmelik, who also served as guest editor, provides not only an exhaustive overview of the institutional and normative framework underpinning the WPS agenda at the global and African levels, but also identifies ent...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 28 No. 4 July-August 2016

The extractive sector, mainly consisting of oil, gas and minerals, has great potential to contribute to economic growth. Extractives could be an asset but are also associated with a host of problems, including environmental degradation, conflicts...

A Regional Power in the Making: Ethiopian Diplomacy in the Horn of Africa

Ethiopia’s regional engagement and foreign policy is based on its Foreign Affairs and National Security Policy and Strategy (FANSPS), launched in 2002. The country is a key player in the Horn of Africa and, despite recent internal conflict, crucia...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 29 No. 3 May-June 2017

This issue of the Horn of Africa Bulletin titled "Borderland communities in the Horn: Avoiding assumptions and learning from history" , sought articles that would highlight some of the emerging dynamics that increasingly define the reality of bo...

"Being and Becoming a Peacebuilder": Insights from 20,000 Hours of Youth-Led Dialogues in the Horn of Africa

“Being and Becoming a Peacebuilder” puts forward key insights and resultant recommendations inspired from an analysis of a conflict transformation methodology, called Sustained Dialogue. The Life & Peace Institute has been implementing Sustained D...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 29 No. 5 September-October 2017

The complex and constantly evolving relations and interactions between the societies and states in the Horn and the countries of the Persian Gulf have significant peace and security implications for the region and globally. This issue of the Hor...

Migrant Smuggling Paths from the Horn of Africa to Yemen and Saudi Arabia

This report examines the smuggling networks facilitating irregular migration from the Horn of Africa to countries in the Arabian Peninsula, also referred to as the Gulf. In addition to analysing the structure and modus operandi of migrant smuggl...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 30 No 1 January-February 2018

The January-February 2018 issue of the Horn of Africa Bulletin seeks to explore and interrogate the correlations between youth on the one hand, and conflict and peace dynamics on the other. During episodes of political instability and conflict, ...

The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) in the Horn of Africa

An integrated approach against regional and national challenges in peace and security is a growing practice in the Horn of Africa. Other challenges aside, the Horn is most volatile in the proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW). Thi...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 30 Issue 2 March-April 2018

Maritime insecurity has tended to be side-lined in conventional thinking on peace and security in the Horn. ‘Sea-blindness’ as a factor in peace and security policy deliberations has the effect of downgrading the criticality of the maritime domain...

Regional Integration in the Horn of Africa: Is Prime Minister Abiy's Initiative an Institution ahead of its Time?

The Horn of Africa has long suffered a plethora of authoritarian regimes, social and political unrest, civil and interstate wars and catastrophic famine. The selection of Mr Abiy Ahmed as the new Prime Minister of Ethiopia ushered in a new era th...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 30 No 4 November-December 2018

The November-December 2018 issue of the Horn of Africa Bulletin (HAB) on political transitions is broaching one of the most critical and contemporary political developments in the region. Over the course of 2018, the HAB has tried to generate pers...

Political Dynamics in the Horn of Africa: Nurturing the Emerging Peace Trends

National and regional stability in the Horn of Africa serve as vital components of the sustainable development objectives across the region. Faced with myriad challenges relating to weak governance and state institutions, porous and contested na...

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