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Bridging the PAYE Tax Revenue Gap

"Based on the Report “Uncovering the Unknown: An analysis of Tax Evasion in Zambia,” Zambia is currently grappling with issues of reducing high budget deficits. Zambia’s tax revenue-to-GDP ratio dropped to a record low of 13% in the early 1990s from…

Taxation of the informal sector in Zambia

"Zambia, like most developing countries, has undertaken tax reforms in a bid to raise more revenue from its tax system. Though tax reforms in Zambia began in the early 1990s, tax revenue has grown only marginally from its sharp decline prior to the …

Explaining African Economic Growth Performance: The Case of Ghana

"This paper has the following structure: In section 2, “macroeconomic policies and economic growth” is discussed which allows the presentation of the growth record of Ghana and explains it in light of the Collins-Bosworth characterisation of African…

External Debt and Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan African Countries: An Econometric Study

"Results obtained in this study confirm that an excessively high stock of external debt depresses investment and lowers the rate of economic growth. Thus, heavily indebted countries in sub-Saharan Africa need to articulate creative strategies for …

SADC Trade in Services: Negotiating the National Interest

"The paper begins with a review of the role of the service industry in the SADC economy, focusing on its GDP, employment, trade and investment. It identifies three major sectors for illustrative evaluation, namely transportation, financial and tel…

Domestic Debt Management In Africa: The Case Of Malawi

"The study found that in Malawi there are clear procedures and legislations for issuing and management of domestic debt spelt out in the Public Finance Management Act of 2003. Since 2004, the government of Malawi has managed to achieve macroeconomic…

Domestic Debt Management in Africa: The Case of Zambia

"This study has made a number of pertinent observations. Significant is that domestic debt in Zambia has, in the past five years, been increasing at a high rate in nominal terms but in GDP terms has been on the decline. This is against a background …

The PRGF and Fiscal Space in Malawi

"The purpose of this study is to assess whether the fiscal space in Malawi has increased as a result of the implementation of the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) programme and, if so, whether it has contributed to the implementation of …

Domestic Debt Management in Africa: The Case of Ghana

"This report analyses the development in public domestic debt in Ghana, and its impact on the economy for the period 2000 to 2009 with the objective of looking at the institutional framework regarding the budgetary process, uses of public funds and …

The Challenges of Debt Sustainability in Africa: The Case of Ethiopia

"The development challenges facing sub-Saharan Africa are deep-rooted and numerous. In the case of Ethiopia, they include acute poverty (44.2% of its population below the poverty line); historically low economic growth (averaging 2.6% over the last …

Intra-SADC Debt – A Growing Financial Phenomenon

"The concept of Intra-SADC debt (Southern Africa Development Community) is defined in this policy brief as any bilateral or multilateral financial lending and borrowing between or among SADC member countries and their development banks. The loans di…

An Overview Of Domestic Debt In SADC: A Synthesis Of Trends, Structure And Development Impacts

"The Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) regional economic integration agenda includes a macroeconomic convergence programme, that is intended to achieve and maintain macroeconomic stability in the region and committed to following stabilit…

Beyond the First Dividend: Sustaining the Second Demographic Dividend

"As a result of a “first” demographic transition, age structures of populations become older. Economically, people often move into higher-paying jobs and countries experience higher per capita income. These social and economic changes motivate peopl…

What do the COMESA Customs Union and COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite Free Trade Area mean for Zambia’s import trade and trade tax revenue?

"Zambia has participated actively in the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) and Southern African Development Community (SADC) regional integration programmes. Within SADC it is now reportedly a full participant in the SADC Free T…

Promoting job-rich urbanisation in Zambia

"Despite the country’s robust economic growth, evidence shows that its urban labor markets are not creating enough of the kinds of jobs that will propel inclusive growth and maximize Zambia’s “demographic dividend.” Real wages declined between 2012 …

Mining Sector

"This Investment Brief presents a profile of the Mining sector in Zambia which is defined as mining activities covering all minerals in Zambia. The objective of the brief is to provide quick insights on the mining sector, the existing investment opp…

Determinants of Household Welfare and Poverty in Botswana, 2002/03 and 2009/10

"This paper investigates household determinants of welfare and poverty in Botswana. Using the 2002/03 Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) and the 2009/10 Botswana Core Welfare Indicator Survey (BCWIS), and employing regression analysis, w…

Ghana’s Middle-Income Status Has Several Gaps That Need To Be Filled

"After rebasing in 2010, Ghana's per capita GDP rose to Middle-Income Country (MIC) level as defined by the World Bank. The per capita income measure is, however, seen to be too narrow as it does not even include key economic indicators let alone im…

Ghana Still Has To Overcome Despite The Rise To Middle Income Status Several Challenges

"After rebasing in 2010, Ghana's per capita GDP rose to Middle-Income Country (MIC) level as defined by the World Bank. The per capita income measure is, however, seen to be too narrow as it does not even include key economic indicators let alone im…

The Status of Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction in Tanzania

"The core purpose of PHDR 2009 is to review progress towards Tanzania’s development goals as set by the National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty 2005-2010 (MKUKUTA). This brief, the first of a series of five briefs on the report, presen…

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