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Ghana’s Middle-Income Reality Check Part II: Social And Infrastructure Dimensions

"After rebasing in 2010, Ghana’s per capita GDP rose to Middle-Income Country (MIC) level as defined by the World Bank. The per capita income measure is, however, seen to be too narrow as it does not even include key economic indicators let alone im…

Determinants Of Economic Growth In Ghana

"An econometric analysis of the factors influencing long-run economic growth in Ghana since independence was undertaken using a variant of neo-classical growth model based on available data from 1966 to 2000. The dependent variable of this long-run…

Ghana’s Middle-Income Reality Check Part I: The Economic Dimension

"After rebasing in 2010, Ghana’s per capita GDP rose to Middle-Income Country (MIC)level as defined by the World Bank. The per capita income measure is, however, seen to be too narrow as it does not even include key economic indicators let alone imp…

The Heavily Indebted Poor Country Initiative: Processes And Issues

"This paper analyzes the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries' Initiative (HIPC) with a focus on the experiences of countries such as Uganda and Bolivia that have had the most experience with the program. It was written at a time when Ghana was consideri…

Private Sector Investment in Sierra Leone: An analysis of the Macroeconomic Determinants

Many developing countries experienced a downturn in economic growth in the early 1980s. In Africa, the growth rate of income per capita fell significantly following persistent decline in domestic investment. For Sierra Leone, private investment as…

Is Sudan's Public Debt Sustainable? Preliminary Assessment

The motivation of this study is the recently launched global agenda of SDGs goals (17.4) that proposes to “ Assist developing countries in attaining long-term debt sustainability; this is to be attained through coordinated policies aimed at fosterin…

The Global Outlook and Morocco

Despite fraught politics, the global outlook is strengthening. The next twelve months are likely to be characterized by moderate but steady growth across the world. However, the outlook becomes murkier as we move into the second half of 2018 and 201…

Bridging the PAYE Tax Revenue Gap

"Based on the Report “Uncovering the Unknown: An analysis of Tax Evasion in Zambia,” Zambia is currently grappling with issues of reducing high budget deficits. Zambia’s tax revenue-to-GDP ratio dropped to a record low of 13% in the early 1990s from…

Taxation of the informal sector in Zambia

"Zambia, like most developing countries, has undertaken tax reforms in a bid to raise more revenue from its tax system. Though tax reforms in Zambia began in the early 1990s, tax revenue has grown only marginally from its sharp decline prior to the …

The Status of Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction in Tanzania

"The core purpose of PHDR 2009 is to review progress towards Tanzania’s development goals as set by the National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty 2005-2010 (MKUKUTA). This brief, the first of a series of five briefs on the report, presen…

Dairy Sector Reforms and Transformation in Uganda Since the 1990s

"The objective of this study is to put together information on lessons that policy makers and development partners alike could learn from the dairy sector in promoting growth of other agricultural value chains. Uganda has made some visible achieveme…

Explaining African Economic Growth Performance: The Case of Ghana

"This paper has the following structure: In section 2, “macroeconomic policies and economic growth” is discussed which allows the presentation of the growth record of Ghana and explains it in light of the Collins-Bosworth characterisation of African…

External Debt and Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan African Countries: An Econometric Study

"Results obtained in this study confirm that an excessively high stock of external debt depresses investment and lowers the rate of economic growth. Thus, heavily indebted countries in sub-Saharan Africa need to articulate creative strategies for …

SADC Trade in Services: Negotiating the National Interest

"The paper begins with a review of the role of the service industry in the SADC economy, focusing on its GDP, employment, trade and investment. It identifies three major sectors for illustrative evaluation, namely transportation, financial and tel…

The PRGF and Fiscal Space in Malawi

"The purpose of this study is to assess whether the fiscal space in Malawi has increased as a result of the implementation of the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) programme and, if so, whether it has contributed to the implementation of …

Domestic Debt Management in Africa: The Case of Ghana

"This report analyses the development in public domestic debt in Ghana, and its impact on the economy for the period 2000 to 2009 with the objective of looking at the institutional framework regarding the budgetary process, uses of public funds and …

The Challenges of Debt Sustainability in Africa: The Case of Ethiopia

"The development challenges facing sub-Saharan Africa are deep-rooted and numerous. In the case of Ethiopia, they include acute poverty (44.2% of its population below the poverty line); historically low economic growth (averaging 2.6% over the last …

Intra-SADC Debt – A Growing Financial Phenomenon

"The concept of Intra-SADC debt (Southern Africa Development Community) is defined in this policy brief as any bilateral or multilateral financial lending and borrowing between or among SADC member countries and their development banks. The loans di…

An Overview Of Domestic Debt In SADC: A Synthesis Of Trends, Structure And Development Impacts

"The Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) regional economic integration agenda includes a macroeconomic convergence programme, that is intended to achieve and maintain macroeconomic stability in the region and committed to following stabilit…

Beyond the First Dividend: Sustaining the Second Demographic Dividend

"As a result of a “first” demographic transition, age structures of populations become older. Economically, people often move into higher-paying jobs and countries experience higher per capita income. These social and economic changes motivate peopl…

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