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Expanding the Social Security Net in South Africa: Opportunities Challenges and Constraints

"For a large proportion of the South African population social welfare grants are an important source of income. Rapid increases in government expenditure on social security between 2000 and 2006 has further increased poor households’ reliance on we…

Foreign Aid and Economic Performance in Tanzania

"This study examines the impact of foreign aid inflows to Tanzania on macroeconomic variables such as the real exchange rate, export performance, government expenditure, investment and growth. The main hypothesis of the study is that aid inflows c…

BIDPA Briefing 2004/05 Budget Briefing

"This special BIDPA Briefing takes a historical look at government budget performance, highlighting the changing fiscal outlook and its implications for future macroeconomic policies. The first part of the Briefing considers how revenue prospects ar…

The Impact of Fiscal Policy on Income Distribution in Tanzania: A Computable General Equilibrium Analysis

The Tanzanian government has established a goal to transform the country into a middle-income and semi-industrialized state by 2025. To promote this transformation, the government exempted the Value Added Tax on capital commodities in FY 2017-2018…

Assessment Of Inflation Trends Management And Macroeconomic Effects In Ghana

"Ghana has experienced high inflation over a long period of time. Over the past thirty years, monetization of fiscal deficits and cyclical food deficits have been the principal drivers of inflation. Achieving sustained disinflation therefore depends…

Education and Economic Growth: Empirical Evidence from Nigeria

The nexus between education and growth as an engine for increased economic growth has continued to attract the attention of economists and policy makers. Experts observe that education has an impact on society, both at the micro and macro levels. Ho…

The Impact of Intergovernmental Transfers on Fiscal Behaviour of Local Governments in Ethiopia

This paper examines the effect of intergovernmental fiscal transfers on the fiscal behaviour of local governments in Ethiopia for the period 2004-2018. The empirical findings suggest that central government grants bolster state-level employment and …

An Analytical Brief on the Social Sector Budget 2022: Increasing Social Sector Spending for Sustained Inclusive Development

The 2022 budget reflects an increased commitment to the social sectors, with significant nominal increases to education, health, social protection, WASH and nutrition sectors. These increased allocations have far-reaching benefits, particularly for …

Understanding the Dynamics of the Budget Deficit and Economic Performance in Zimbabwe

This study analyzes the relationship between fiscal deficits and the economic performance of Zimbabwe for the period 1980–2018. A descriptive approach is used to analyze developments in the Zimbabwean economy over the study period. The study also pr…

Footing the Bill? Less Legitimacy, More Avoidance Mark African Views on Taxation

Taxation is a key fiscal tool for domestic resource mobilization. In many African countries, however, weak tax-administration systems limit the ways in which governments can finance their development agendas and provide essential services such as he…

Analysis of Quarterly Budget Implementation Reports for the National Government: Quarter 4 of FY 2020/2021 and Quarter 1 of FY 2021/22

The economy exhibited signs of recovery from the effects of COVID in 2021 with real GDP growth rates of 0.7% between January and March and 10.1% in the final quarter of 2020/21, this was mainly supported by improved performance in education, ICT, tr…

Analysis of 2020/21 (Q4) and 2021/2022 (Q1) Budget Implementation

The national and county government in any fiscal year focuses on raising of resources and spending these resources with the intention of providing efficient services to the citizens. The implementation of the budget at both levels of government requ…

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