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The Land factor in Mining Gold Reserves in Tanzania

"In the early 1990s the discovery of large quantities of gold deposits in the Lake Victoria Basin of Tanzania seemed to be the long-awaited candle to light the way to economic growth and poverty reduction. Economic indices in gold production are goo…

Environmental Impacts of Gold Mining in Penhalonga

"Gold mining in Penhalonga represents all methods of gold extraction from deep underground mining, to small-scale mining with mines only a few metres deep, through large-scale alluvial mining and the most infamous gold panning. The area therefore i…

Revamping Artisanal Gold Mining in Zimbabwe to Catalyse Poverty Reduction

"This briefing discusses the challenges and opportunities presented by the artisanal gold mining sector in Zimbabwe. It reflects on the measures needed to promote artisanal miners’ contribution to sustainable development, economic growth and povert…

Le Profit plus Important que les Droits Humains? L’Extraction de l’or au Burkina Faso et la Responsabilité de la Suisse / Is Profit more Important than human rights? Gold mining in Burkina Faso and Switzerland's Responsibility

This study aims to show the impact of gold mining on people living nearby the mines of Burkina Faso. The study also shows how Swiss companies participate, as actors of global gold markets in this situation and focuses on the responsibility that the …

All that Glitters is not Gold: Turmoil in Zimbabwe's Mining Sector

Violence has spiked in Zimbabwe’s gold mining sector, costing hundreds of people their lives and triggering a police operation that led to the arrest of thousands. Media and government blame artisanal miners, who dig using little mechanisation and o…

From Blood Diamonds to Blood Gold - A Report on Machete Violence in Zimbabwe's ASM Gold Sector

Shurugwi is a beautiful scenic town in Zimbabwe`s Midlands Province which sits on the famous mineral rich Great Dyke belt. The Great Dyke, which is up to 8 miles wide and about 330 miles long, consists of several precious minerals which include gold…

The Intermediaries: Traders who Threaten the Democratic Republic of Congo's Efforts for Conflict-free Gold

This report examines the illicit gold trade in the DRC and some of the drivers preventing traceability and due diligence systems from being sustainable and scalable. The report focuses on logistical and financial mechanisms, as well as patterns of t…

Le Projet Or Juste en Côte d’Ivoire / The Just Gold Project in Côte d'Ivoire

The Just Gold project aims to help mining operators in Côte d'Ivoire to increase the production and trade of responsible artisanal gold. The project does this by helping local actors to become part of a transparent and verifiable supply chain. IMPAC…

The Political Economy of Extractives in the Borderlands

The first contribution titled: Extractives in the Horn of Africa: Regional potential and challenges by Muhumuza Didas discusses government legitimacy, among others as a critical factor for the success of the extractive industry; the need for communa…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 28 No. 4 July-August 2016

The extractive sector, mainly consisting of oil, gas and minerals, has great potential to contribute to economic growth. Extractives could be an asset but are also associated with a host of problems, including environmental degradation, conflicts, …

Gold Exploitation and Socioeconomic Outcomes: The Case of Burkina Faso

This paper investigates how the gold boom that started in 2007 has affected socioeconomic outcomes in Burkina Faso. A simple theoretical model was developed to show the expected impacts, and these were validated by an empirical analysis. Results …

Decline in Gold Prices, Tax Receipts and Employment: Which Adaptation Strategy for Burkina Faso?

Since 2007, Burkina Faso’s mining sector has been growing quickly, with gold replacing cotton as its biggest export. However, the decline in gold prices since 2012 has hit the Burkinabe economy hard. Using a static calculable general equilibrium (…

The West African El Dorado: Mapping the Illicit Trade of Gold in Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Burkina Faso

This report maps the enforcement and governance challenges, as well as vulnerabilities posed by the illicit trade of gold in West Africa and its impact on regional peace and stability. The scope of this report focuses on the artisanal gold sector i…

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