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Sustainability Standards, SMEs and GVCs: Recommendations for the G20

Participation in global value chains (GVCs)2 by developing countries is limited but holds substantial growth prospects. South Africa and Kenya have the potential to steer regional integration opportunities and act as gateways to favourable investme…

Are Private Sustainability Standards Obstacles to, or Enablers of, SME Participation in Value Chains? Insights from South Africa and Kenya

This discussion paper examines the roles of South Africa and Kenya as regional gateways for global value chains (GVCs) coordinated by multinational corporations (MNCs), and the obstacles small and medium enterprises (SMEs) face in entering those va…

Overlapping Globalizations

Current technological developments in manufacturing are likely to lead to a partial reversal of the wave of fragmentation and global value chains that was at the core of the rise of North-South trade from 1990 onwards. At the same time, China – the…

Constraints on the Performance and Competitiveness of Tanzania's Manufacturing

This study sought to examine the main constraints to manufacturing export competitiveness in Tanzania. Using panel data for the period 1997–2018, the study established that supply-side factors dominate demand-side factors in explaining manufacturing…

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