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Women's Access to Land in the Former Bantustans: Constitutional Conflict, Customary Law, Democratisation and the Role of the State

"The transition to local democratic institutions in the former bantustans of South Africa will not in itself fulfil the constitutional imperative for the promotion of gender equality, specifically in relation to women's access to land. In order f...

Millennium Development Goals Progress Report

"The main conclusion is that Rwanda has the policies and programmes in place to achieve poverty reduction and human development but that it will not achieve all the MDG Targets by 2015. Good progress is being made for many, but the accelerated rat...

Rights without Illusions: The Potential and Limits of Rights-based Approaches to Securing Land Tenure in Rural South Africa

"This paper focuses only on tenure reform and its aims to secure the land rights of: farm workers and farm dwellers living on privately-owned land, and residents of the former 'reserves' or Bantustans, now known as communal areas. Summarising the...

Against The Odds: Achieving the MDGs in Rwanda

"In the last five years Rwanda has made dramatic development progress. There has been sustained economic growth and the signs of economic transformation noted in 2005 have been confirmed. There has been a continued growth in non-farm employment an...

Policy for Industrial Development: A Case Study of the Clothing Industry in Mauritius

"A major cause of the economic success enjoyed by Mauritius was the rapid growth of the clothing industry. This policy brief presents the key industrial policies responsible for developing the clothing industry. The brief also highlights the chall...

Policy Reform toward Gender Equality in Ethiopia: Little by Little the Egg begins to Walk

"There is growing interest in the role of policy reforms to promote gender equality and empower women, two key objectives of development policy. From a policy perspective, it would be ideal for reforms undertaken in different policy areas to be co...

Gender, Peace and Peacekeeping Lessons from Southern Africa

"This paper alludes to the tensions between achieving gender equality (as a requirement for a just peace) and the maintenance of indigenous culture and religious traditions. The primary focus, however, is the teasing out of transformation opportun...

Gender and Political Representation In Botswana

This policy brief examines the level of participation of women in the electoral process of Botswana. Women are poorly represented in decision making bodies and this has far reaching implications. Equal participation is necessary for social, politi...

Capacity Issues in the Formulation and Implementation of the Next Generation of Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers

Although economic growth is widely acknowledged to be crucial for poverty reduction and for sustaining development, efforts aimed at tackling these challenges in Africa did not, for a long time, yield the desired results. The decade of the 1980s...

Macroeconomics Implications of Female Entrepreneurs Facing Financial Frictions to Access to Credit: A DSGE Model Approach in Cameroon

This research assesses the effects of financial frictions faced by female entrepreneurs on macroeconomics performances in Cameroon. We address this important issue, using a Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium model with financial micro-founda...

Supporting Business Opportunities for Rural Women in East and Southern Africa: A case study of Uganda

This study examines the characteristics of rural women doing business in Uganda. It analyses the nature of business operations and structural barriers women face thus hindering them from seizing economic opportunities. It is part of a collaborat...

Lifting the Veil on ICT Gender Indicators in Africa

Gender equality has been identified as critical to the realisation of knowledge societies. This has been reflected in policy commitments at both global and national levels. The increased take up of information and communication technologies (ICTs)...

Gender Analysis for Sustainable Livelihoods and Participatory Governance in Rwanda

This report presents a gender analysis for sustainable livelihoods and participatory governance in Rwanda, in order to inform Oxfam’s Country Strategy programmes. Oxfam’s work in Rwanda is focused on two interlinked pillars – sustainable liveliho...

From Rhetoric to Action: Delivering for Young Women in Africa

Young African women between the ages of 15 and 35 find themselves in a conundrum, in a world that is highly patriarchal and ageist - frequently facing a double burden brought about by their gender and age, and falling through the cracks of governm...

Lessons From Rwanda: Female Political Representation and Women's Rights

"Gender equality is a basic human right that entails equal opportunities for men and women in all facets of life: socially, economically, developmentally and politically. According to the Beijing Platform for Action, without the active particip...

Achieving the Millenium Development Goals (MDGS) in Africa

In 2000, 189 countries, including 53 African states, set eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to improve the lives of many of the world’s poorest people by 2015. In May 2013, the Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, South Africa,...

Gender Equality: A Cornerstone for a Green Economy

With most countries failing to move onto a sustainable development path and fulfil many of the outcomes emerging from the 1992 Earth Summit, a green economy is envisioned as a new pathway to achieving sustainable development and poverty eradicatio...

Zimbabweans See Progress on Women's Rights, Applaud Government Efforts to Promote Equality

Zimbabwe has taken significant steps toward gender equity. Guided by a National Gender Policy since 2003 and a Ministry of Women Affairs, Gender and Community Development since 2005, the country also guarantees, in its 2013 constitution, that ever...

The Tensions between Cultural and Constitutional Values: Chapter Nine Institutions and Gender Equality

The Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, and the Johannesburg-based Foundation for Human Rights (FHR) hosted two public dialogues in Cape Town, on 12 August 2015 on “The Role of Tradition and Culture: What Has South Africa Achieved in...

Africa in 2030: Responsive States, Empowered Citizens Findings from Citizen-Driven Workshops on the Post-2015 Framework held in 13 African Countries

The 2015 deadline for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) draws ever closer. A range of stakeholders are mobilising to formulate their successor. Should the post-2015 framework build upon the MDGs, correct their failings and genuinely confro...

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