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The Perceived Nature and Extent of Gender Discrimination in the Teaching Profession in Botswana

"This study is designed with three objectives. First, it provides micro-level data that would facilitate a more complete understanding of the nature and extent of gender inequalities and the processes producing them in the modern (formal) workplace…

Mind the Gap: The Distributional Effects of South Africa's National Lockdown on Gender Wage Inequality

The COVID-19 pandemic has had severe and potentially long-lasting impacts on the South African economy since the onset of the national lockdown in March 2020. These effects have not been equally distributed. Employment effects have been disproportio…

Challenges Facing Women in the Mining, Energy and Construction Sectors of South Africa: Persisting Barriers to Equity in the Workplace

The South African government took deliberate steps to encourage women’s participation in the economy by gazetting a number of progressive policies and legislation to address the challenges faced by women in the workplace. The extent to which these i…

Corruption as an Obstacle to Reconciliation: Its Impact on Inequality and the Erosion of Trust in Institutions and People

This paper explores the relationship between inequality and reconciliation, corruption and inequality, and corruption and institutional trust. We have seen how corruption and mismanagement, at a local and national level, has affected access to basi…

Is there Discrimination Against Female Entrepreneurs in Formal Credit Markets in Nigeria?

Access to finance is often cited as one of the major factors impeding the growth of women-owned businesses in developing countries. However, one critical question that remains in the existing literature is whether this “access problem” is due to act…

In Malawi, Gender Gaps Persist Despite Popular Support for Equal Opportunity

From a legal perspective, Malawi has made tremendous progress toward eliminating discrimination against women. In addition to passing the Gender Equality Act (2012), the Prevention of Domestic Violence Act (2006), and the Deceased Estates (Wills, …

Is there Discrimination against Women Entrepreneurs in Formal Credit Markets in Nigeria?

This research investigates whether women entrepreneurs in small and medium-sized enterprise (SMEs) in Nigeria are marginalised in formal credit markets compared to their male counterparts. The study also investigates the impact of credit access on…

Limits of gender Equality: Poor Uneducated Mozambicans Less Likely to see Improvement

Gender equality is enshrined in Mozambique’s Constitution and promoted through its participation in international conventions and treaties as well as its 2004 Family Code, which requires equality in property and family law, including sharing of asse…

Wage Determination and the Gender Wage Gap in Kenya: Any Evidence of Gender Discrimination?

This study presents an analysis of the determinants of wages as well as a decomposition of the gender gap across sectors in Kenya. The study tests the hypothesis that women participate less in the labour market partly because of their characteristic…

Gender-based Credit Constraints and Firm Performance in Cameroon

This paper revisits the empirical literature on gender and access to formal finance by enterprises and examines the effect of financial constraints on firm performance in Cameroon. Existing literature on the importance of gender of the firm’s owner …

For Senegalese Women, Advancement is Real but Uneven

The political, economic, and social inequality of women in Africa has fueled significant international discourse since the 1950s, when the United Nations (UN) began interrogating the effects of harmful traditional practices on women across the conti…

Ugandans Commend their Government's Performance in Bridging the Gender Gap

Bridging gender gaps is a global priority, embodied in the United Nations (2019) Sustainable Development Goal No. 5: “Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.” Its importance is underscored by the insight that countries cannot develo…

Gender Differences in Formal Wage Employment in Urban Tanzania

This paper uses the latest Tanzania labour force survey—the Integrated Labour Force Survey—and a censored bivariate probit model to analyse gender differences in labour force participation and gender bias in formal wage employment in urban Tanzania.…

Le Féminisme dans les Relations Internationales: quels enjeux? significations pour le féminisme comme théorie critique des Relations Internationales ? / Feminism in International Relations: What is at stake? Feminism as a Critical Theory of IR

Contrary to the conventional wisdom that sees feminists as a bunch of bitter women asserting their superiority to men, feminism is far from this reverse sexism. Fundamentally, feminism is an ideological movement that aims to define, establish and ac…

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