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Gender Dimensions of Drought and Pastoral Mobility Among the Maasai

"Maasai pastoralists are increasingly faced with annual droughts that cause significant livestock deaths and periods of food insecurity. A new form of rangeland management that emphasizes pastoral migrations and extensive herding to mitigate the imp…

Agricultural Extension in Ethiopia through a Gender and Governance Lens

"Drawing on a household survey collected in eight woredas in seven Ethiopian regions in 2009, as well as on qualitative fieldwork in four of the eight woredas, this paper provides analysis of agricultural extension delivery in Ethiopia. While overal…

The African Union 2013 Golden Jubilee Report: 50 Years Of Peacemaking In Africa – A Critical Retrospective Of OAU/AU Peacemaking

"The Fourth African Union (AU) High-Level Retreat on the Promotion of Peace, Security and Stability in Africa was held in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire on 29 and 30 October 2013 under the theme '50 Years of peacemaking in Africa: A critical retrospective o…

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2007

"...this issue of Conflict Trends highlights the impact and consequences of civilian protection, post-conflict reintegration, elections and peacebuilding coordination as a snapshot of Africa’s multifaceted needs. In order to move forward in these an…

Uganda's National Urban Policy: The Emerging Response to Poverty, Food Security, and Gender in Urban Uganda

"Urban food security and gender are critical factors needing full integration in the National Urban Policy (NUP) if it is to address the needs of the poorest residents of Uganda’s cities. Without attention to the inequalities of power and the subseq…

The Impact of Irrigation on Nutrition, Health and Gender: A Review Paper with Insights for Africa south of the Sahara

"Agriculture in Africa south of the Sahara (SSA) is still largely rainfed. SSA also exhibits the lowest crop yields for major staples in the world, largely due to low use of irrigation and fertilizer. Rainfed agriculture poses growing production ris…

Does Gender Matter in the Adoption of Sustainable Agricultural Technologies? A Case of Push-Pull Technology in Kenya

This paper examines if there is difference in the adoption of push-pull technology and other sustainable agricultural practices on plots managed by males, females and plots that are jointly-managed by males and females using plot level and gender …

Gender Concerns in South African Migration Policy

Gender concerns have been markedly lacking in the development of a new national policy on international migration to South Africa, both in the policy-making process and in the content of the Green and White Papers. Given the lessons of internationa…

Gender and Migration in South Africa: Talking to Women Migrants

African migration is typically viewed through a male lens. However, women are moving more than ever. Whether fleeing war or seeking to meet their economic needs, more women migrate independently throughout Africa. Many of these travel to South Afr…

Gender and the Formal and Informal Systems of Local Public Finance in Sierra Leone

This paper considers how men and women in eastern and northern Sierra Leone interact differently with formal and informal revenue collection. It argues that the literature on tax and gender equity needs to be expanded in low-income countries to pa…

Expensive to be a Female Trader: The Reality of Taxation of Flea Market Traders in Zimbabwe

This study aims to unravel the reality of taxation in Zimbabwe’s small-scale sector by focusing on flea market traders. The research involved interviewing small-scale traders in flea markets around Harare and Bulawayo, government officials and membe…

Study Report on Gender Dimensions of Climate Change Related Projects in Somalia

Climate change poses serious development challenge in Puntland and Somalia in general that needs to be addressed urgently. Somalia and Puntland development plans and policy documents recognize this challenge and observe that if climate change is n…

Hidden Inequalities: Tax Challenges of Market Women in Enugu and Kaduna States, Nigeria

This paper presents the findings of a study on gender-based taxation differences among market traders in two Nigerian states. At a high level, no significant differences were found between female and male traders in the markets visited in terms of t…

Gender Variable in Agricultural Technology: A Case Of Rural Farmers in Machakos District - Eastern Kenya

Gender differentiated technology is not a new phenomenon. Indeed, most technologies are developed and tailored according to the stereotyped roles of men and women in society. In Africa, technological development has been modelled on western pre-sele…

Tax and Gender in Developing Countries: What are the Issues?

Encouraging tax compliance demands a careful understanding of how taxpayers think about and experience taxation. Knowledge about taxpayer attitudes and behaviour is essential when analyzing opportunities and constraints for reform, and for the desig…

Gender-Sensitive, Climate-Smart Agriculture for Improved Nutrition in Africa South of the Sahara

The effects of climate change are already being felt across the globe, particularly among smallholder producers in developing countries, whose livelihoods are strongly affected by climate conditions. Climate change will continue to threaten food pr…

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2015

In ‘Contributing to Africa’s Peacekeeping Capacity: 20 Years of Training for Peace in Africa’ since the early 1990s, the focus of the United Nations’ (UN) peacemaking and peacekeeping efforts has largely been directed to Africa. In the beginning, th…

Informal Migrant Entrepreneurship and Inclusive Growth in South Africa, Zimbabwe and Mozambique

"While increasing attention is being paid to the drivers and forms of entrepreneurship in informal economies, much less of this policy and research focus is directed at understanding the links between mobility and informality. This report examines t…

Is Reliable Water Access the Solution to Undernutrition? A Review of the Potential of Irrigation to Solve Nutrition and Gender Gaps in Africa South of the Sahara

"Interventions aimed at increasing water availability for livelihood and domestic activities have great potential to improve various determinants of undernutrition, such as the quantity and diversity of foods consumed within the household, income ge…

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2015

'Conflict, Peace and Patriarchy: Female Combatants in Africa and Elsewhere’ makes the case that female combatants need much more attention than they currently receive. It further argues that their engagement with violence brings for them a unique mi…

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