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Reciprocity in Nigerian Foreign Policy (The Akinyemi Doctrine)

"At the All-Nigeria Conference on Foreign Policy held at NIPSS, Kuru in April, 1986, the President and Commander-in-Chief, Major-General Ibahim Babangida, challenged the nation's assembled foreign policy intelligentsia to identify and define Nigeria…

The Thrust of Nigeria's Foreign Policy in the Future

"Foreign policy is the strategy of defending a nation's national interest through diplomacy. When diplomacy fails, the same interest may be defended through war and the force of arms. The question then is what constitutes Nigeria's national interest…

SAIIA Newsletter No. 1, 1969

The newsletter starts with introductory notes and includes three articles: Diplomacy – Art or Science discusses the historical developments of diplomacy but also addresses the changes in modern diplomacy. In the article Australian Foreign Policy the…

The Evolution and Effectiveness of Sanctions Against South Africa

The focus of this study is economic sanctions and the implications it had on South Africa. A brief background history explains the use of sanctions throughout the world as a measure of warfare. The second part concentrates on the South African exper…

South Africa and World Politics: Realities in a Changing Situation

Europe and Japan, as major economic powers in the world, have been playing an increasingly independent role in international politics. This paper gives a picture of the changing power pattern in the world. Although South Africa is not a supplier of …

Portuguese Diplomacy in Southern Africa 1974-1994

"Although much has been written on the foreign policies of the United Kingdom (UK), France and other great metropolitan powers towards Africa, very little has appeared in English on Portuguese foreign policy. It is often assumed that, after the 197…

Nigerian Foreign Policy and the Economic Community of West Africa States (ECOWAS)

" The aim of the first paper is to provide an introduction to, and an outline of, the foreign policy of black Africa's most populous, most powerful and most influential state. Nigeria's foreign policy is, in the words of Dr. Okoi Arikpo (Nigeria's …

What do we think? A Survey of White Opinion on Foreign Policy issues no 5

"This is the fifth in a series of biennial surveys of white South African opinion on foreign and some domestic issues.It is the only series of its kind in South Africa that measures the opinion of white South Africans primarily on foreign policy i…

Russia and Angola: The Rebirth of a Strategic Partnership?

"Africa and Russia in general, and Angola and Russia in particular, have a long-standing friendship dating back to the days when the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was assisting African national liberation movements in gaining independ…

Russia's Africa Policy

"Russia’s interest in Africa lies not only in terms of the continent’s natural resources. Indeed, Russia’s own reserves are significant. Developing Russia’s own enormous energy resources, however, would be far more costly than developing the same …

Mozambique's Foreign Policy: Pragmatic Non-Alignment as a Tool for Development

"Mozambique has been held up as a veritable poster child of post-conflict success in Africa following the maintenance of relative peace since the end of the civil war in 1992. Much of this has been thanks to a foreign policy successfully pursued on …

Brazil's South-South Co-operation Strategies: From Foreign Policy to Public Policy

"This paper analyses the role of institutional and non-institutional actors in current Brazilian foreign policy agendas, particularly in the field of South–South co-operation. The plurality of actors and agendas results in an increasingly complex de…

On South Africa’s Intervention on the African Continent: Utopia and myth distinguished

"This policy brief examines South Africa’s role in resolving some of the intricate crises on the African continent. The focus is on the perceived predatory nature of South Africa’s relations with the rest of the continent, and why such relations are…

America is Coming to Africa: a Comparison with China

"President Barack Obama visited some African countries in June 2013. Later, he announced that there would be an American-African summit in August of 2014 in Washington. For this purpose he has extended invitation letters to African leaders with the …

The African Union and Foreign Policy

"Foreign policy is a set of principles of governments that defines their external relations with other countries. It also serves as an instrument to achieve the national interests of a nation. In implementing their foreign policy, governments manage…

The Reed that Lies Low in a Flooded River: The Case of Swazi Resistance to South African Reform Diplomacy

This policy brief traces how post apartheid South Africa has sought to engage Swaziland. South Africa has used its economic clout to influence political developments in Swaziland since 1994. However Swaziland has been reluctant to accept reform init…

South Africa's Economic Statecraft in Southern Africa: Non-existent or Nascent? An Examination of Relations with Zimbabwe and Swaziland

This occasional paper is concerned with the success of South Africa’s engagement with Zimbabwe and Swaziland in support of a normative and progressive agenda by means of economic incentives and other tools favouring the promotion of democracy and it…

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 12, no. 3, 1988

This International Affairs Bulletin contains three articles: S. Akritides’ article analyses the prominence of idealism in US foreign policy concerning isolationism and messianism, with regard to the initiatives undertaken by the Nixon, Carter and…

The Economic Diplomacy of Kenya's Regional Interests

"Increasing attractiveness of East Africa as a ‘frontier market’ has put Kenya in the spotlight as a gateway to the region. The country identifies six sectors and is currently implementing flagship projects to enhance its prospects. Existing researc…

South Africa: Optimising the Currency of Soft Power in the International Arena

"A conscious and consistent adherence to the currency of soft power could enable South Africa to push through a national, an African and a more humane global agenda of immense magnitude in the overall international arena. However, effective communic…

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