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On South Africa’s Intervention on the African Continent: Utopia and myth distinguished

"This policy brief examines South Africa’s role in resolving some of the intricate crises on the African continent. The focus is on the perceived predatory nature of South Africa’s relations with the rest of the continent, and why such relations are…

America is Coming to Africa: a Comparison with China

"President Barack Obama visited some African countries in June 2013. Later, he announced that there would be an American-African summit in August of 2014 in Washington. For this purpose he has extended invitation letters to African leaders with the …

The African Union and Foreign Policy

"Foreign policy is a set of principles of governments that defines their external relations with other countries. It also serves as an instrument to achieve the national interests of a nation. In implementing their foreign policy, governments manage…

The Reed that Lies Low in a Flooded River: The Case of Swazi Resistance to South African Reform Diplomacy

This policy brief traces how post apartheid South Africa has sought to engage Swaziland. South Africa has used its economic clout to influence political developments in Swaziland since 1994. However Swaziland has been reluctant to accept reform init…

South Africa's Economic Statecraft in Southern Africa: Non-existent or Nascent? An Examination of Relations with Zimbabwe and Swaziland

This occasional paper is concerned with the success of South Africa’s engagement with Zimbabwe and Swaziland in support of a normative and progressive agenda by means of economic incentives and other tools favouring the promotion of democracy and it…

Post-Conflict Development What South Africa Can Achieve Through SADC

As levels of intra-state conflict rise in Africa, regional economic communities (RECs) have become increasingly important players in implementing post-conflict reconstruction and development (PCRD). For Sub-Saharan Africa, the Southern African Dev…

The Courts: Lights that Guide our Foreign Affairs

This paper specifically seeks to examine the role that South Africa’s courts might play, and how civil society might use the courts, in ensuring that the country’s foreign policy complies with human rights standards. It does so by reflecting on sev…

Ethiopia's Regional Diplomacies: A Dominant Interpretation of the Horn of Africa

Ethiopia has a long diplomatic history and extensive experience in foreign relations.Previous Ethiopian regimes, particularly Mengistu’s military regime, externalised almost all the country’s problems by focusing on building military defence capabi…

Nigeria's Continental Diplomatic Thrusts: the Limits of Africa's Nominally Biggest Economy

"A dominant portion of contemporary literature on Nigeria’s regional and continental diplomacies suggests that the foreign policies of Africa’s nominally biggest economy are hardly progressive and dynamic, due principally to the perverse hiatus bet…

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2015

‘Egypt in the Aftermath of the Arab Spring: What Lies Ahead?’ highlights some of the main security, economic and foreign policy challenges facing the Al-Sisi government. ‘The Democratic Transition in Tunisia: A Success Story in the Making’, portray…

R2P International Criminal Court and the Prevention of Mass Atrocities in Africa

"Following the massacres in Yugoslavia and Rwanda the international community committed itself to preventing similar occurrences in the future. The developing doctrine of Responsibility to Protect (R2P) and the institution of the International Crimi…

South Africa's Foreign Policy: Tempering Dominance through Integration

"Southern Africa has always featured prominently in South Africa’s foreign policy. During apartheid, the National Party government saw fit to unleash a destructive agenda on neighbouring countries as an integral part of its strategy to quash support…

South Africa's Foreign Economic Strategies in a Changing Global system

"South Africa’s foreign policy has developed since the country’s transition to democracy in 1994. The South African government used to emphasise multilateralism as an important component in its international relations, keen to make itself heard o…

Ramaphosa at the Helm of the ANC: A Cloaked Cohabitation

Cyril Ramaphosa outpassed Dlamini Zuma in the elections for replacing Jacob Zuma at the head of the ANC. Yet, his victory does not allow him to enjoy a huge success given the short gap he has recorded against the Dlamini Zuma but also given the bala…

Ramaphosa à la Tête de l’ANC: Une Cohabitation qui ne Dit pas son Nom / Ramaphosa at the helm of the ANC: A cloaked cohabitation

Cyril Ramaphosa outpassed Dlamini Zuma in the elections for replacing Jacob Zuma at the head of the ANC. Yet, his victory does not allow him to enjoy a huge success given the short gap he has recorded against the Dlamini Zuma but also given the bala…

China’s Foreign Policy Experiment in South Sudan

China’s longstanding principle of non-interference in other states’ internal affairs is evolving with its growing global footprint. As Chinese overseas investment and business links grow in scope and depth, Beijing faces increasing threats to its ci…

Rising Democracies, Burden-Sharing, and the International Liberal Order

The international liberal order based on collectively securing peace, promoting development, and protecting human rights is facing a major stress test. With the decline of U.S. leadership, a weakening Europe, and the rise of authoritarian China a…

NIIANEWS Newsletter of the Nigerian Institute of International Affairs Vol 2 No 2, Apr - Jun 2006

Several issues are discussed in this edition under the following headings: International Conference on ECOWAS Milestones in Regional Integration. Inter Cultural and Inter Ethnic communication and effective conflict management in the 21st century Nig…

Nuanced Balancing Act: South Africa's National and International Interests and its 'African Agenda'

"Since apartheid ended, much of South Africa’s positioning on the world stage has been informed by what has been described as an Afrocentric approach to foreign relations. This paper examines the central question of whether or not the South African …

South African Foreign Policy in Today's World

This article looks at "the major thrust of South African policies in the Southern African Region. It focuses on the outward movement and some of the implications on this movement of recent changes in Angola and Mozambique, as well as potential chang…

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