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A Delicate Balance: Water Scarcity in South Africa

South Africa is currently over exploiting its renewable water resources. Moreover, withdrawals are forecast to increase in all three sectors (agricultural, industrial and municipal). Meanwhile, much of the country’s water infrastructure is in disrep…

Africa Capacity Indicators 2013: Capacity Development for Natural Resource Management/ Rapport Sur Les Indicatuers de Capacités en Afrique 2013: Renforcement des Capacités Pour La Gestion des Ressources Naturelles

This year's Report, the third in a series, focuses on an issue of great importance to Africa: natural resource management. The Report is holistic, yet focused on what African countries need to do individually and collectively to achieve effective …

Africa Capacity Indicators 2012: Capacity Development for Agricultural Transformation and Food Security/ Rapport sur les Indicators de Capacités en Afrique 2012: Renforcement des Capacités Pour la Transformation Agricole et la Sécurité Alimentaire

A core message in the 2012 ACI Report is that improving the productivity and the economic returns of agriculture has immediate effects on poverty and hunger in at least three important ways: a) it increases the productivity and incomes of the majori…

Food Security and Sovereignty in Africa: Issues, Policy Challenges and Opportunities

The last few decades have seen food insecurity as an emerging crisis that has bedeviled many African countries. While many post-colonial African governments have widely recognized the role of agriculture in national development and capacity develo…

Gender and Small-scale Fisheries in Africa

Fisheries – and small-scale fisheries in particular – contribute significantly to economic and food security in Africa. Women play an important role along the fisheries value chain and in fishing communities. However, their contributions often go …

The Impact of Proximity to Urban Center on Crop Production Choice and Rural Income: Evidences from Villages in Wollo, Ethiopia

This article attempts to demonstrate how proximity to urban centers influences households' decision to allot their agricultural land to the production of either staple crops or high value cash crops. By applying fractional logit estimation technique…

Dynamics of Poverty and Well-being in Ethiopia: An Introduction to a Special Issue of the Ethiopian Journal of Economics

Understanding change is critical to policy formulation. Who benefits, who loses from change, and what causes change are core policy questions. Panel data are central to understanding change, and this special issue of the journal is devoted to five p…

Nonfarm Enterprises in Rural Ethiopia: Improving Livelihoods by Generating Income and Smoothing Consumption?

In developing countries highly dependent on agriculture, non-farm enterprises (NFEs) are often lauded as income diversification opportunities, helping to smooth income in the farming off-seasons. Using data from the first wave of the Ethiopia Socioe…

Is Land Degradation Neutrality in Africa Possible?

At the heart of this century's top priorities are food security, environmental protection and improving the standard of living. With soaring population growth, strong industrialization exerting pressure on natural resources, and accelerating climate…

La Neutralité en Termes de Dégradation des Terres en Afrique est-elle envisageable ?/ Is Land Degradation Neutrality in Africa Possible?

At the heart of this century's top priorities are food security, environmental protection and improving the standard of living. With soaring population growth, strong industrialization exerting pressure on natural resources, and accelerating climate…

The Pivotal Importance of Good Access to Markets for Farmers

Good access to lucrative markets is vital for farmers to be profitable and productive. This is evident in all agricultures that have successfully transformed. Unless they sell profitably, farmers risk acting against their financial interest by being…

Bridging Climate Information Gaps to Strengthen Capacities for Climate Informed Decision-making: Climate Information and Needs Assessment Report: Cameroon, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria and Tunisia

The impact of climate change in African countries has been widely acknowledged. Africa has made considerable efforts over the past decade in the development of regional and national strategies and institutions aimed at supporting African countries…

Priorisation des problèmes de développement et des Objectifs de Développement Durable au Mali /Food, health, poverty, water: How Malian citizens prioritize problems and the Sustainable Development Goals

This report addresses issues related to the problems in the development areas as identified in the SDG's that Mali are facing. These development issues should be addressed by government and the Malians has identified the following issues as the mos…

Public Investment in Irrigation and Training for an Agriculture-led Development: A CGE Approach for Ethiopia

Agricultural activities have been and remain key for sustained growth and pro-poor development in Ethiopia. However, the sector under utilizes its irrigation capacities as well as its abundant human resources. This paper aims at measuring the impact…

Climate Change Making Life Worse in Liberia, but Only Half of Citizens Have Heard of It

Scientists and policy makers have clearly recognized the threat that climate change poses to Liberia, particularly to its seven in 10 citizens who depend on agriculture for their livelihood. Severe flooding experienced in recent years, changes in r…

Smallholders and Land Reform: A Realistic Perspective

The current heated debate on land reform is fuelled by bold pronouncements about how white-owned land should be secured for African people. But it is marked by an absence of detailed policy discussion about what should be done with the land that is …

Food Crop Sector Performance in Nigeria

This miserable state of food availability in Nigeria vis- a-vis its massive and geometrically growing population estimated at over 193 million people in 2016 and projected to be the third most populated country in the world by 2050, calls for concer…

Poverty Profiling in Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa City Administrations, Ethiopia

This paper has tried to investigate the general poverty profile of the three project sites in Ethiopia. In addition, its objective is to generate poverty maps for the sites. Data from 5,619 households were collected and analyzed to determine the pov…

China-Africa Agricultural Modernization Cooperation: Situation, Challenges and the Path Ahead

African agriculture has grown significantly with the region’s rapid economic transformation in recent years. The share of agriculture in gross domestic product (GDP) has declined significantly, while the share of agricultural employment is still hig…

Efficiency of Food Reserves in Enhancing Food Security in Developing Countries: The Nigerian Experience

As a policy objective, the attainment of food security in Nigeria began facing challenges prior to independence when oil exportation began in 1958. But the challenges became pronounced and persistent after the commencement of large-scale oil expor…

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