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East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Ethiopia

"The main crops in Ethiopia are teff, maize, and wheat. The combined effect of declining child mortality and increasing life expectancy has produced an overall population increase, putting additional pressure on the land to meet food requirements....

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive analysis - Ghana

"The agricultural sector in Ghana is mostly rainfed and includes crops, livestock, and fisheries. More than half the country’s workers are employed in agriculture. Cocoa remains the single most important cash crop in Ghana, while the two most impo...

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive analysis - Guinea

"Guinea has a tropical climate with two alternating seasons, a November–March dry season and an April–October rainy season. In general, rainfall increases from north to south. Average annual rainfall is 1,988 mm. Rice is the staple crop, and other...

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Kenya

"Kenya is an ecologically diverse nation located on the Indian Ocean in eastern Africa. Most of the land is classified as arid or semi-arid, yet at higher elevations lush montane forests are found. Kenya is home to the second-highest peak in Afric...

Southern African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Lesotho

"Lesotho lies on the plateau of the southern African subcontinent. Variations in topography and micro-climate shape the country’s ecological zones—the lowlands, the foothills, the highlands, and the Senqu River Valley. Annual precipitation is high...

The Food Security Situation in the South African Development Community

"This brief gives an overview of the important issue of food security in the Southern African Development Community(SADC). Since nine of the fourteen SADC countries have been classified as 'Low Income Food Deficit Countries' (LIFDCs) by the Food...

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive analysis - Liberia

"Agricultural production in Liberia is based primarily on rainfed farming, with an April–November rainy season. Rice and cassava are the first and second staple food crops, while rubber is the major cash crop. Life expectancy increased slightly be...

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Madagascar

"Madagascar is an island in the southwestern Indian Ocean off the coast of Mozambique. The topography of the country is varied and uneven, with some regions dominated by plains and plateaus extending into vast delta areas. Only about 5 percent of ...

Southern African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Malawi

"Malawi’s tropical continental climate is moderated by the effects of Lake Malawi and by the country’s high altitudes and proximity to the influence of westerly frontal systems that move eastward around the South African coast. The mean annual rai...

Improving the Measurement of Food Security

"Although food security measurement has been substantially expanded in recent decades, there persists significant dissatisfaction with existing measurement systems, especially in the wake of the global food and financial crisis. In this paper we f...

The Supply of Inorganic Fertilizers to Smallholder Farmers in Mozambique: Evidence for Fertilizer Policy Development

"Inorganic fertilizer is one of a handful of agricultural technologies that have immense potential for raising the productivity of poor smallholders, enabling them to increase income, accumulate assets, and set themselves economically on a pathway...

The Supply of Inorganic Fertilizers to Smallholder Farmers in Tanzania: Evidence for Fertilizer Policy Development

"Inorganic fertilizer is one of a handful of agricultural technologies that have immense potential for raising the productivity of poor smallholders, enabling them to increase income, accumulate assets, and set themselves economically on a pathway...

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: a Comprehensive Analysis - Niger

"Three-fourths of Niger is covered by the Sahara desert. The rainy season lasts only three months, with total rainfall of 150–600 mm per year. Maximum temperatures are high (450C in the shade in April–May). Livestock production is a major componen...

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: a Comprehensive Analysis - Nigeria

"About half of the working population in Nigeria is engaged in agriculture. Cassava is the most important food crop. Other major food crops include yam, sorghum, and maize. The share that agriculture contributes to GDP has declined from about 50 p...

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: a Comprehensive Analysis - Senegal

"The agricultural sector employs 77 percent of Senegal’s workforce. Rice is the country’s staple crop, but millet is the most widely grown crop, largely because of low rainfall in most of the country. The severe drought in the late 1960's and earl...

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: a Comprehensive Analysis - Sierra Leone

"Agriculture is the largest sector in the Sierra Leone economy, em-ploying more than 75 percent of labor force and contributing be-tween 35 and 47 percent of GDP. Rice, the staple food crop, is grown mainly by small-scale farmers under rainfed con...

Southern African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Mozambique

"Mozambique’s diverse climate is influenced by monsoons from the Indian Ocean and the hot current of the Mozambique Canal. The country’s location makes it particularly vulnerability to climatic hazards such as drought, floods, and recurring tropic...

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Rwanda

"The Rwandan economy is based on rainfed agriculture, with coffee and tea as major cash crops. The key staple crops are bananas, beans, potatoes, sorghum, and cassava. Between 1991 and 2002, the rate of urbanization grew from 5.5 to 16.7 percent, ...

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Sudan

"Sudan’s economy relies mainly on rainfed agriculture. Key cereal crops are sorghum, millet, and wheat. Livestock numbers are estimated at more than 140 million cattle, sheep, goats, and camels. Sudan’s population is about 39 million, with annual ...

Southern African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Swaziland

"Swaziland's climate is moderate, near-temperate, subtropical, and semiarid. The climate is localized, varying over short distances with changes in altitude. Swaziland is a middle-income developing country, with per capita GDP of $1,560. Most peop...

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