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Backing Small-scale Fishers: Opportunities and Challenges in Transforming the Fish Sector

"Globally, small-scale fisheries play a significant role in food security, poverty reduction and income generation. At the 2008 Global Conference on Small-Scale Fishing in Bangkok, Thailand, organised by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)…

The Impact of Agricultural Extension Services in the Context of a Heavily Subsidized Input System The Case of Malawi

"Since 2005, the government of Malawi has focused on the Farm Input Subsidy Programme (FISP) as its major strategy for increasing maize production, promoting household food security, and enhancing rural incomes. Amid concerns about the program’s hig…

Leveling the Field for Biofuels Comparing the Economic and Environmental Impacts of Biofuel and Other Export Crops in Malawi

"Biofuel production can have conflicting impacts on economic growth, food and energy security, and natural resources. Understanding these trade-offs is crucial for designing policies that are consistent with the Sustainable Development Goals. This i…

Understanding Farmers’ Technology Adoption Decisions: Input Complementarity and Heterogeneity

"The objective of this paper is to investigate farmers’ multidimensional technology adoption decisions in the presence of heterogeneities across households. We aim to quantify potential complementarities among inputs and alternative forms of unobser…

Synopsis: Agricultural Mechanization in Ethiopia: Evidence from the 2015 Feed the Future Survey

"In this research note, we provide a preview of results from a study of agricultural mechanization in Ethiopia. Our research shows that 9 percent of farmers in the Feed the Future regions of Ethiopia used mechanization at some point during the agric…

Changement Climatiques a l'Horizon 2050 - Scenarii d'Adaptation pour L'Agriculture / Climate Change on the Horizon of 2050 - Agricultural Adaptation Situations

Climate change will have negative impacts on agriculture worldwide and could, by 2050 lower crop yields. Researchers with undisputed expertise have gathered in Dakar from 22 to 27 February 2016 to engage in talks in order to reach adaptation scenar…

Indigenous Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change: Study of Imo and Enugu States in Southeast Nigeria

Climate change has direct impact on agricultural production, because of the climate-dependent nature of agricultural systems. This impact is particularly significant in developing countries where agriculture constitute employment and income sources …

Tracking Effective Indigenous Adaptation Strategies on Impacts of Climate Variability on Food Security and Health of Subsistence Farmers in Tanzania

"Both long and short term changes in climate disproportionately affect regions in both the semi-arid and arid parts of the globe and the more humid tropics. Within these areas, effects of climate change vary across regions, farming and food systems…

What does “Agriculture” mean today? Assessing old Questions with new Evidence.

Defining the possibilities and limits for the diffusion of relevant technologies, is one of the essential reasons why agriculture’s diversity is so important to understand. Some crops, like wheat, grow only in temperate areas, therefore relevant adv…

Potential Impact of Climate Change on the Economy: Building Climate and Economic Resilient Societies

The document firstly introduces the Climate Change Process and it's characteristics. The impacts of climate change on agriculture, food security, infrastructure, health, tourism as well as several so called aggravating factors are then discussed. So…

The Face of African Infrastructure: Service Availability and Citizens' Demands

"The need for infrastructure improvements is a top-tier economic, political, and social issue in nearly every African country. Although the academic and policy literature is extensive in terms of estimating the impact of infrastructure deficits on…

Population Dynamics, Climate Change and Sustainable Development in Africa

"Despite the strong links between population and climate change, and their role in sustainable development, these issues are not a priority in broader development policies and strategies. Unfortunately, population, climate change and development are…

Crisis In The Sahel – Possible Solutions and the Consequences of Inaction

"A report following the OASIS Conference (Organizing to Advance Solutions in the Sahel) hosted by the University of California, Berkeley and African Institute for Development Policy in Berkeley on September 21, 2012. The goal of this report is to st…

Why Informal Seed Sector is Important in Food Security

The international and regional treaties have provided opportunities for the protection of plant varieties, however national governments have not yet seized those opportunities. Only Ethiopia has policies in place to support plant breeders rights and…

2013 Study to Audit and Monitor Compliance and Implementation of Protocols, Conventions and Decisions of the AU Member States South Africa

"This Report has illustrated that South Africa has developed one of the most progressive legislative frameworks to protect citizens’ rights, in particular political, economic and social rights, as well as the rights of women, people with disabilitie…

Promotion of Public Health Care Using African Indigenous Knowledge Systems and and Implications for IPRs: Experiences From Southern and Eastern Africa

"The challenge for African policy makers and researchers is to create the right environment for more research on the role of IKS in promoting public health care issues and sustainable development. They should take advantage of the forces of globali…

Regional Food Security Policy Dialogue

"The dialogue focused on the opportunities for smallholder farmers, who form the majority of the farmers in the region, that are being envisioned and created by the SADC Regional Agricultural Policy (RAP) as it is being formulated, and the existing …

Corporate Power in the Agro-Food System and South Africa's Food Consumer Environment

"This report maps the extent of corporate power in the South African agro-food system using a value chain approach. It identifies major corporate actors in the various nodes of the agro-food system as of 2014. Some nodes tend to be dominated by corp…

Policy and Institutional Arrangements for Managing Risk for Crop Production and Post-Harvest Handling in Disaster-Prone Areas of Zimbabwe

Agriculture in Zimbabwe is now predominantly driven by smallholder farmers. 90% of the farming land is in the hands of smallholder farmers practicing mixed crops and livestock production systems.The predominance of rain-fed crop production makes the…

The Biotechnology Revolution and its Implications for Food Security in Africa

"Agricultural biotechnology presents many opportunities and challenges to Africa. Biotechnology promises to help meet food security needs, reverse declining per capita food production and improve the incomes and lives of farmers in Africa. However, …

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