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Southern Africa Assessment: Food Security and HIV/AIDS

"The following pages identify HIV/AIDS and food insecurity (particularly in the rural areas) as the two most severe and inter- related humanitarian issues currently facing Southern Africa. It is argued that the current situation must be contexualis…

Rising Global Food Prices: Causes and Implications for Botswana

"This Special BIDPA Briefing is motivated by the recurrent global price hikes in basic foodstuffs. The situation, which is commonly known as the “global food crisis”, is a cause for concern, given that Botswana is a net food importing country. One o…

Sources of Technical Efficiency among Smallholder Maize Farmers in Southern Malawi

"The agricultural sector in Malawi is vital to the economy for incomes and food security. The sector accounts for 35% of national income, generates 90% of foreign exchange, and provides paid and self-employment to 92% of the rural population. One …

Placing African Fisheries on the COP 17 Agenda

"Climate change is set to have far-reaching ecological and economic consequences for the African continent and globally. Developing countries are particularly vulnerable to climate change, not only as a consequence of resource and technology constr…

Food Security, Agricultural Policy & Environmental Interface: An African Perspective The Case of Botswana

"This paper begins with an outline of the Southern African region's background, then define food security in the region, and discuss food security issues in terms of macroeconomic and agricultural policy perspectives. In this paper, food security wi…

The Role of Macroeconomic Policy Towards Food Security in Botswana

"The main objective of this study is to analyse the role that macroeconomic policy in Botswana has played towards the achievement of food security. This will be used as a basis of identifying whether agriculture has adequately played its role. The p…

Strategies and Priorities for African Agriculture Economywide Perspectives from Country Studies

"This book examines the potential of agriculture to contribute to national growth and poverty reduction. It also evaluates the financial costs of accelerating agricultural growth. The analysis is based on ten country case studies that apply simil…

Does Food Security Matter for Transition in Arab Countries?

"In order to identify options on how conflict may be prevented in Arab transition countries, this paper assesses the key global drivers of conflicts based on a dataset from 1960 to 2010 and improved cross-country regression techniques. Results show …

Production and Marketed Surplus of Crops in Uganda, 1999-2006

"Recent trends in Ugandan agriculture indicate output is increasing for most crops but at a declining rate. The pervasive decline in output per unit of input (factor productivity) threatens the economic well-being and food security of producers and …

Poverty and Gender Effects of Smallholder Organic Contract Farming in Uganda

"The objectives of this study were, first, to examine the impacts of certified organic contract farming on the food security of the smallholder farm households participating in such arrangements, and second, to assess the role of gender relations in…

SUN: A Global Movement to Accelerate Progress in Reducing Maternal and Child Undernutrition

"As the 2015 deadline for meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)approaches, the poor countries of the world have already made considerable progress toward reducing maternal and child undernutrition. From 1990 to 2008, the prevalence of stu…

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive analysis - Guinea

"Guinea has a tropical climate with two alternating seasons, a November–March dry season and an April–October rainy season. In general, rainfall increases from north to south. Average annual rainfall is 1,988 mm. Rice is the staple crop, and other i…

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Kenya

"Kenya is an ecologically diverse nation located on the Indian Ocean in eastern Africa. Most of the land is classified as arid or semi-arid, yet at higher elevations lush montane forests are found. Kenya is home to the second-highest peak in Africa,…

Southern African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Lesotho

"Lesotho lies on the plateau of the southern African subcontinent. Variations in topography and micro-climate shape the country’s ecological zones—the lowlands, the foothills, the highlands, and the Senqu River Valley. Annual precipitation is highly…

The Food Security Situation in the South African Development Community

"This brief gives an overview of the important issue of food security in the Southern African Development Community(SADC). Since nine of the fourteen SADC countries have been classified as 'Low Income Food Deficit Countries' (LIFDCs) by the Food a…

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive analysis - Liberia

"Agricultural production in Liberia is based primarily on rainfed farming, with an April–November rainy season. Rice and cassava are the first and second staple food crops, while rubber is the major cash crop. Life expectancy increased slightly betw…

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Madagascar

"Madagascar is an island in the southwestern Indian Ocean off the coast of Mozambique. The topography of the country is varied and uneven, with some regions dominated by plains and plateaus extending into vast delta areas. Only about 5 percent of th…

Southern African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Malawi

"Malawi’s tropical continental climate is moderated by the effects of Lake Malawi and by the country’s high altitudes and proximity to the influence of westerly frontal systems that move eastward around the South African coast. The mean annual rainf…

Improving the Measurement of Food Security

"Although food security measurement has been substantially expanded in recent decades, there persists significant dissatisfaction with existing measurement systems, especially in the wake of the global food and financial crisis. In this paper we fir…

The Supply of Inorganic Fertilizers to Smallholder Farmers in Mozambique: Evidence for Fertilizer Policy Development

"Inorganic fertilizer is one of a handful of agricultural technologies that have immense potential for raising the productivity of poor smallholders, enabling them to increase income, accumulate assets, and set themselves economically on a pathway o…

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