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Making Fertiliser Subsidies Work in Malawi

"These notes highlight the role of fertiliser subsidies in Malawi, the world’s fifth poorest country. Malawi has suffered recurrent poor harvests, with disastrous consequences for food security since the early 1990s. Yields have improved significa...

The Role of Traditional Irrigation Systems (Vinyungu) in Alleviating Poverty in Iringa Rural District, Tanzania

"This study was conducted to assess the role of the vinyungu irrigation system in alleviating poverty in Iringa rural district in the southern highlands of Tanzania and covered five villages, Wasa, Uhominyi, Kihanga, Kising'a, and Lulanzi, represe...

Toward an Integrated Approach for Addressing Malnutrition in Zambia: A Literature Review and Institutional Analysis

"Due to the predominance of direct, specific interventions in nutrition for development, the health sector tends to own nutrition, with interventions customarily implemented through health programs. The idea that the agriculture sector should also...

Investing in Orphan Crops to Improve Food and Livelihood Security of Uganda's Rural Poor Policy Gaps, Opportunities and Recommendations

"This policy research paper is an analysis of the extent to which Uganda’s food and agricultural-related policies and policy frameworks support the production and wider use of orphan crops in national development. Its major objective is to provide...

Organic Agriculture in Uganda: The Need for a Coherent Policy Framework

"This study therefore is aimed at achieving three specific objectives. First, it is aimed to demonstrate that in countries where supporting scientific, institutional and regulatory infrastructure is in its infancy, the growing policy emphasis on...

Promoting Agriculture Sector Growth and Development A Comparative Analysis of Uganda’s Political Party Manifestos (2011-2016)

"This paper is an analytical comparison of the promises made by Uganda’s different political parties in their manifestos (2011 – 2016) with regard to the measures proposed to address the challenges facing the agriculture sector. The comparison ...

Indigenous Peoples and the Right to Food in Kenya

"The right to food as a concept recognizes the links between food security, culture and resource rights, and as a legal principle, it requires a state to ensure that people are free from hunger. As a framework to guide policy, research and advocac...

Destructive Storms, Dormant Policies:The Impact of Cyclones on Food Security in Madagascar

"The island nation of Madagascar is hit by an average of 3 to 4 cyclones per year — among the highest rates in Africa. These violent storms compromise the country’s already-tenuous levels of food security and economic growth. The country’s 2009 p...

7 Billion on the Brink Who's Really Fighting the Looming Climate Change and Hunger Crisis?

"The world today confronts three inter-locking crises – climate change,resource scarcity and food price volatility – which all pose major threats to feeding the future. We can no longer treat these challenges to humanity in isolation. We must gen...

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive analysis - Côte D'Ivoire

"Côte d'Ivoire enjoys a humid climate, with at least seven rainy months and 1,000 mm in annual rainfall. Most of the interior receives 1,000–1,500 mm annually. Moving inland toward the east, a short dry season falls in the middle of the wet season...

Southern African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Botswana

"Botswana has a semi-arid climate, characterized by warm winters, hot summers, low rainfall, and high evapotranspiration. The country is prone to frequent droughts, lately occurring every two years rather than once every four years, as in the prev...

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive analysis - Burkina Faso

"Agriculture is mainly rainfed in Burkina Faso and dominated by small-scale farmers. The rainy season is May–October, but its duration decreases progressively from the southwest, resulting in only three months of rainfall in the north. Agriculture...

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Burundi

"Burundi is a small, landlocked country of which only 36 percent is arable. The country has two rainy seasons, which run from February to May and from September to November, as well as a short rain period for two weeks in January. The malnutrition...

Promoting Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture through Facilitated Access to Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture: Understanding the Multilateral System of Access and Benefit Sharing

"This paper has been prepared to contribute to the understanding of the operation of the Multilateral System of Access and Benefit Sharing (herein after referred to as the Multilateral System) and the opportunities it offers in promoting food secu...

Agricultural Mechanization Strategies for Rwanda Shifting from Subsistence Agriculture to Market-oriented Agriculture

"Farming in Rwanda remains largely subsistence in nature. With a rapid increase in food population, the pressure on ensuring food security is a constant challenge for the stakeholders. Significant progress has been made in Rwanda in the past deca...

Indigenous Knowledge and Climate Adaptation Policy in Northern Ghana

"The onset of climate change poses a direct challenge to small-scale agricultural production and food security in Ghana. Though this type of farming can be responsive to climatic variations, adaptation policies that promote high-resource solutions...

Factors Underlying Communal Beef Cattle Marketing Decisions In Botswana: The Role Of Public And Private Transfers

"The paper examines factors underlying communal beef cattle marketing at a household level in Botswana, with emphasis placed on the role of public and private transfers. Results show that public and private transfers (pensions, remittances, govern...

Do Public Transfers Discourage Farmer Participation in Subsistence Crop Production? Empirical evidence from Botswana

"This paper analyzes the impact of public food and cash transfers on farmer participation in Botswana’s subsistence arable agriculture. The results indicate that publicly provided social pensions and food packages (rations) reduce the probability ...

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Democratic Republic of the Congo

"The Democratic Republic of the Congo, located in the south central part of Africa, is the continent’s second-largest country. Forests blanket its northern region, while savannah covers the south. The main staple crops are cassava, maize, groundnu...

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Eritrea

"Located in the Horn of Africa, Eritrea has a long coastline on the Red Sea. The country has varied topography, rainfall, and climate, with altitude ranging from 60 to more than 3,000 meters above sea level. Agriculture is still an important secto...

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