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The Case for Ghanaian International Tourism Industry

"The decline in the prices of the traditional exports of Ghana, especially gold, cocoa and forestry products highlights the need for greater diversity in the promotion of alternative exports. Stated simply, greater diversity is needed to reduce th...

Development Without Aid

"In this Occasional Paper, a distinguished scholar and diplomat, Frederick S. Arkhurst, has carried out a penetrating analysis and critique of foreign aid and its direct impact on development in the Third World. He concludes that development is po...

Deepening Trade and Investment Relations Post-AGOA - Three Options for South Africa

"As the US and Africa look to engage at the 2016 annual African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) Forum under the theme of ‘Maximizing AGOA Now While Preparing for the Future beyond AGOA’, two pertinent issues come to the fore: leveraging AGOA un...

Using Foreign Direct Investment to Upgrade and Diversify Exports from Morocco: Opportunities and Challenges in Comparative Perspective

Developing countries that manage to upgrade and diversify their export profile grow more rapidly and achieve greater welfare gains than countries that simply export larger volumes of what they have traditionally produced. This discussion paper ...

Understanding and Characterizing the Services Sector in South Africa: An Overview

The South African services sector is large and growing. This coupled with declining employment shares in manufacturing and mining (i.e. deindustrialisation) suggests that South Africa is a de facto service-orientated economy. Employment patterns i...

Botswana's Enabling Environment for Economic Diversification: Plugging the Holes

"Botswana’s enabling environment for investment was assessed in a Report prepared by BIDPA and World Bank entitled “Diversifying Botswana’s Exports: An Overview” (2005). This Policy Brief presents the main findings of that assessment. It focuses o...

Abundant Resource Endowment: A Basis for Successful Economic Diversification

"This policy brief discusses the reasons for pessimism in resource-based economic development, resulting in failure to achieve economic diversification and sustainable economic growth. It then looks at why resource abundance can support successful...

Rhodesia - May 1968

The article speaks about how "economic and financial sanctions have failed and that Rhodesia is hacking out its own solution to its constitutional problems." It looks at how "the initial guerrilla attacks have failed and have brought military and ...

AGOA, Africa and Agriculture: South Africa's Experience

"It is generally agreed that African exports of agricultural goods are well below potential and that the continent would gain significantly from the liberalisation of world agricultural markets. This paper aims to uncover some of the truths and un...

South-South Economic Co-operation: The India-Brazil-South Africa Case

"This report is aimed at identifying barriers to trade and investment flows among India, Brazil, and SA - the IBSA countries - and finding ways in which these can be reduced or eliminated This report comprises six sections. Section 1 creates a con...

Malawi and the Regional Overlap Problem: Trade Policy Options

'In 2008 COMESA is supposed to graduate from being a free trade area to being a customs union. Whether this will be possible, is doubtful. One of the problems that could impede the formation of the customs union is the fact that some members of CO...

The Economic Gateway to Africa? Geography, Strategy and South Africa's Regional Economic Relations

"The paper argues that South Africa’s role as an economic gateway primarily depends upon geography, ie upon naturally given and man-made structures in geographical space. Based upon these structures, politicians and businessmen have to pursue the ...

Rwanda Case Study on Economic Transformation

"In this research project, we conduct a study on economic transformation in Rwanda. The aim of the study is to assess how Rwanda has fared with respect to economic transformation over the past 30 years and suggest recommendations for accelerating ...

SACU Revenue Sharing Formula: Towards a developmental agreement

"The South African Customs Union (SACU) Revenue Sharing Formula (RSF) has been revised substantively twice; once in 1969 and in 1994-2002 since the creation of the customs union in 1910 and each time the changes in the treaty were a reflection ...

Is the Botswana Pula Misaligned?

"The objective of this paper is to assess the extent to which the Botswana exchange rate (the Pula) has been consistent with economic fundamentals. To do so an equilibrium exchange rate is estimated and compared against the values of the effective...

Coal Exports and the Diversification of Botswana's Economy

"The paper considers the opportunities and risks associated with the development of Botswana’s steam coal export sector. Given the very high coal prices on world markets achieved over the last decade together with the growing demand in India and C...

Diamonds Without Borders: An Assessment of the Challenges of Implementing and Enforcing the KP Certification Scheme

"In 2010, Israel (the Chair of the KPCS) prioritized strengthening KPCS efforts to combat diamond smuggling. In support of this priority, PAC worked with Israel, Canada and the United States to conduct multi-stakeholder consultations in four West ...

Other Facets no 34

‘New mineral certification scheme launched’ shows that as the navel grazing and vacillation over Zimbabwe has shown a range of new mineral certification and conflict prevention initiatives are rapidly overtaking the KP – in thought and substance. ...

Other Facets no 33

'Limited Marange Exports Agreed to in St. Petersburg’ reports on how a compromise agreement allowing limited exports of diamonds from the Marange region of Zimbabwe was reached by the Kimberley Process during an extraordinary meeting of its Workin...

Other Facets no 31

“In this special edition of Other Facets marks our 31st edition since April 2001. We are breaking with our regular format to present a special issue in advance of the Seventh Annual Plenary Meeting of the Kimberley Process in Namibia, in November....

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