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AGOA, Africa and Agriculture: South Africa's Experience

"It is generally agreed that African exports of agricultural goods are well below potential and that the continent would gain significantly from the liberalisation of world agricultural markets. This paper aims to uncover some of the truths and un...

South-South Economic Co-operation: The India-Brazil-South Africa Case

"This report is aimed at identifying barriers to trade and investment flows among India, Brazil, and SA - the IBSA countries - and finding ways in which these can be reduced or eliminated This report comprises six sections. Section 1 creates a con...

Malawi and the Regional Overlap Problem: Trade Policy Options

'In 2008 COMESA is supposed to graduate from being a free trade area to being a customs union. Whether this will be possible, is doubtful. One of the problems that could impede the formation of the customs union is the fact that some members of CO...

The Economic Gateway to Africa? Geography, Strategy and South Africa's Regional Economic Relations

"The paper argues that South Africa’s role as an economic gateway primarily depends upon geography, ie upon naturally given and man-made structures in geographical space. Based upon these structures, politicians and businessmen have to pursue the ...

Rwanda Case Study on Economic Transformation

"In this research project, we conduct a study on economic transformation in Rwanda. The aim of the study is to assess how Rwanda has fared with respect to economic transformation over the past 30 years and suggest recommendations for accelerating ...

SACU Revenue Sharing Formula: Towards a developmental agreement

"The South African Customs Union (SACU) Revenue Sharing Formula (RSF) has been revised substantively twice; once in 1969 and in 1994-2002 since the creation of the customs union in 1910 and each time the changes in the treaty were a reflection ...

Is the Botswana Pula Misaligned?

"The objective of this paper is to assess the extent to which the Botswana exchange rate (the Pula) has been consistent with economic fundamentals. To do so an equilibrium exchange rate is estimated and compared against the values of the effective...

Coal Exports and the Diversification of Botswana's Economy

"The paper considers the opportunities and risks associated with the development of Botswana’s steam coal export sector. Given the very high coal prices on world markets achieved over the last decade together with the growing demand in India and C...

Diamonds Without Borders: An Assessment of the Challenges of Implementing and Enforcing the KP Certification Scheme

"In 2010, Israel (the Chair of the KPCS) prioritized strengthening KPCS efforts to combat diamond smuggling. In support of this priority, PAC worked with Israel, Canada and the United States to conduct multi-stakeholder consultations in four West ...

Other Facets no 34

‘New mineral certification scheme launched’ shows that as the navel grazing and vacillation over Zimbabwe has shown a range of new mineral certification and conflict prevention initiatives are rapidly overtaking the KP – in thought and substance. ...

Other Facets no 33

'Limited Marange Exports Agreed to in St. Petersburg’ reports on how a compromise agreement allowing limited exports of diamonds from the Marange region of Zimbabwe was reached by the Kimberley Process during an extraordinary meeting of its Workin...

Other Facets no 31

“In this special edition of Other Facets marks our 31st edition since April 2001. We are breaking with our regular format to present a special issue in advance of the Seventh Annual Plenary Meeting of the Kimberley Process in Namibia, in November....

Other Facets no 30

‘Zimbabwe: Massacre, smuggling and KP dithering’ talks about how in January, the Kimberley process was urged by NGOs, industry representatives and some governments to deal with reports of an October 2008 massacre of artisanal diamond diggers by th...

Other Facets no 29

In ‘Venezuela Drops Out: The Withdrawal Method’ a large Kimberley Process delegation visited Venezuela to discuss the country’s continued participation in the Kimberley Process. Venezuela, a mid-size diamond producer, has recorded almost no diamon...

Other Facets no 28

In ‘Venezuela Saga Continues’ Venezuela has been a thorn in the side of the Kimberley Process – and the industry it seeks to protect – almost from the beginning. A charter member of the KP from 2003, Venezuela basically stopped reporting on diamon...

South African Trade Policy and the Future Global Trading Environment

"This paper puts forward a strategic view of what South African trade policy should be doing in relation to the future global trading environment. The future is uncertain, but if the past is prologue, South African trade policy needs to be positi...

Trade Patterns in the SADC Region: Key Issues for the FTA

"This policy brief examines trade patterns in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) over the period 1980 to 1997. Perhaps the most notable conclusion about trade trends in the region is the rather disturbing lack of trend. Trade patte...

What are the Critical Issues Arising from the SADC Trade Integration Process?

"There is a need for convergent bilateral and multilateral trading arrangements in SADC so as to avoid trade deflection and diversion as well as to ensure ease of administration. There is also a need to arrive at an appropriate institutional fram...

Other Facets no 27

In ‘Venezuela shames Kimberley; mocks vacillating committees’ the Venezuela “problem” began as a test of Kimberley Process resolve to be an effective regulatory system in the fight against conflict diamonds. It has unravelled into an embarrassment...

Key Issues in the Textile and Clothing Sector in Botswana

'The paper considers the performance of the textile and clothing sector in Botswana, and reviews various national and international incentive schemes aimed at developing textile and clothing exports. The analysis shows that the policies and prefer...

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