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The Case for Ghanaian International Tourism Industry

"The decline in the prices of the traditional exports of Ghana, especially gold, cocoa and forestry products highlights the need for greater diversity in the promotion of alternative exports. Stated simply, greater diversity is needed to reduce th...

Development Without Aid

"In this Occasional Paper, a distinguished scholar and diplomat, Frederick S. Arkhurst, has carried out a penetrating analysis and critique of foreign aid and its direct impact on development in the Third World. He concludes that development is po...

Deepening Trade and Investment Relations Post-AGOA - Three Options for South Africa

"As the US and Africa look to engage at the 2016 annual African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) Forum under the theme of ‘Maximizing AGOA Now While Preparing for the Future beyond AGOA’, two pertinent issues come to the fore: leveraging AGOA un...

Using Foreign Direct Investment to Upgrade and Diversify Exports from Morocco: Opportunities and Challenges in Comparative Perspective

Developing countries that manage to upgrade and diversify their export profile grow more rapidly and achieve greater welfare gains than countries that simply export larger volumes of what they have traditionally produced. This discussion paper ...

Understanding and Characterizing the Services Sector in South Africa: An Overview

The South African services sector is large and growing. This coupled with declining employment shares in manufacturing and mining (i.e. deindustrialisation) suggests that South Africa is a de facto service-orientated economy. Employment patterns i...

Angola, the Reluctant SADC Trader

"The Southern African Development Community (SADC) Protocol on Trade (PoT) was signed in 1996 with the aim of increasing trade between member states through the elimination of tariffs and harmonisation of customs procedures. Regional tariff phas...

Exporting and Export Dynamics among South African Firms

"According to the National Development Plan increased exports, particularly among small and medium firms, are an important job-creation strategy. Yet much of the South African debate on exporting occurs in an environment based on anecdote and pre...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Democratic Republic of Congo 2004

"This Review demonstrates some of problems in tracking simple things like the ownership of diamond firms operating in the DRC. When a corporate ownership trail leads from the DRC to Montreal, Panama and then to Israel, and when even simple que...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2004

"It is now two years since Sierra Leone’s war formally ended. Fuelled largely by diamonds and corruption – the two were very closely linked – the decade-long conflict drew much-needed international attention to the processes of diamond mining and ...

The ZIPAR Quarterly Issue 1

"This quarterly newsletter takes a look at tax evasion still being a challenge in Zambia, enhancing export performance in Zambia and innovative ways of bridging the financial gap for the poor. The cover story "Lusaka needs Public Transport Reform...

The Birth, Death and Survival of Exports in Zambia 1999 - 2011

"This paper deals with the dynamics of Zambia’s export performance, analyzing the birth, death and persistence of exporting in various products and destinations. We use a framework that has recently proliferated in international trade to decompose...

Mining Tax in Zambia

"With some of the worst poverty statistics in Africa, Zambia appears to have little to show for a century of mining. But given good policies, the country’s considerable mineral wealth clearly represents a real opportunity to grow the economy and t...

Economic Profiling of the Creative Industries: A Desk Review

"The UN’s Creative Economy Report 2010 notes the increasing acceptance of the role of the creative economy as a leading sector in generating economic growth, employment and trade, and that creative industries are among the most dynamic sectors o...

Accelerating Export Growth in Zambia

"Export-transactions data for the period 1999-2011 in Zambia suggests that much of the growth in the value of exports has been driven by the contribution of new exporters than pre-existing exporters. The catastrophic growth among pre-existing expo...

All That Glitters is Not Gold: Dubai, Congo, and the Illicit Trade of Conflict Minerals

Gold is considered to be a 'conflict mineral'. In the DRC gold and diamond trade were tainted by conflict financing, tax evasion, corruption and smuggling. This resulted in the illegal trade of gold, huge financial losses for the DRC and violent c...

The African Growth and Opportunity Act An Empirical Analysis of the Possibilities Post-2015

"This report provides an analysis of outcomes of U.S.-Africa trade under five categories of post-2015 scenarios. These scenarios look at the trade and income implications of i) not extending AGOA beyond 2015; ii) expanded product eligibility for A...

Ethiopia and BRICS: A Bilateral Trade Analysis

The data gathered for this report shows an increase in trade between Ethiopia and BRICS, largely from China and India, Ethiopia exports crude materials, food and live animals, but a gradual diversification towards manufactured goods can be seen. T...

The ZIPAR Quarterly Issue 2

In ‘Eurobonds: Weighing Risks against gains’ there has been recent media speculation about the government issuing another Eurobond – the third in two years. This has resulted in apprehensions in some quarters of the economy regarding the risks ass...

Botswana's Coal: Dead in the Water or Economic Game Changer?

Botswana possesses substantial coal deposits of 212 billion tonnes, the majority of which are low grade. Under favourable conditions, and until solar power becomes a feasible option for supplying baseload electricity, this coal could be either ex...

Navigating the US Congressional Process of Reauthorising AGOA

"The African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), which provides eligible African countries with duty-free access to the US market, is scheduled to expire on 30 September 2015. While some believe reauthorisation will be resolved at the US–Africa ...

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