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Mapping Opportunities for the Consolidation of Peace in Liberia: “Voices from the Countryside”

The results from the study determine that Liberia is rife with existing and looming conflicts, which have the potential to undermine national peace and stability. Essentially, the findings of this study resonate with previous conflict-mapping exerc…

Opportunities and Challenges of Ensuring Stability in Kenya’s 2017 General Elections

This Policy and Practice Brief (PPB) examines the prospect for a peaceful election in Kenya. It offers insights on what can be done to mitigate any possible election-related violence with respect to the state of readiness of election management bodi…

West Africa Insight Vol 5 No.1: Secessionist Movement

This journal comprises several articles. The first article on page 4 is titled: Biafran Separatist Agitations in Nigeria: Causes, trajectories, scenarios and the way forward by Prof. Jideofor Adibe discusses the causes of the civil war in the Republ…

Togolese express Tolerance toward (most) Minorities and Support for Gender Equality

The government of Togo has taken recent steps to protect the rights of women and minorities. One is a new penal code, adopted in November 2015 after years of advocacy by human-rights organizations, that strengthens protections against gender-based v…

All in this Together? Social Tensions in the Post-Jammeh Gambia

The Gambia does not have a history of ethnic and religious tensions. But starting under former President Yahya Jammeh and continuing since the change of government in 2017, political rivalries are increasingly taking an ethnic form. The government’…

Ethnicity and Ethnic Politics in Kenya: Policy Gaps Analysis

Kenya like most African countries is multi-ethnic and is perceived to be one of the most ethnically fragmented societies in Africa. Notably, there is no statistical evidence to confirm the exact number of ethnic groups in Kenya, as for decades the t…

Identity in Kenya: Tolerance and Trust Deficits Points to Opportunities for Progress

Identity is an important attribute of individuals and groups that influences how people see themselves and relate to others. Individuals and groups leverage many different identities as the situation demands: ethnic, linguistic, economic, national, …

Managing Ethiopia's Ethnic Divisions through Constitutional Design

Ethiopia’s political landscape has long been torn between groups with divergent policy recommendations. However, the debates have not engaged the entire range of options available to divided countries for managing ethnic divisions. This report outli…

Contemporary Populism

Prof. Fukuyama began his analysis of populism with the election of Donald Trump to the US presidency and the UK’s Brexit vote in 2016. “We all found ourselves in the midst of a global populist uprising … trying to figure out what was happening”. He …

Bridging the Divide in Ethiopia’s North

Tigray and Amhara, Ethiopia’s two powerful northern regions, are locked in a dangerous standoff. The tensions over Amhara claims to land administered by Tigray sparked proxy violence in 2018 and could do so again given the lack of appetite for compr…

'All in this Together': Africans Tolerant on Ethnic, Religious, National, but not Sexual Differences

“We’re all in this together” is a mantra of the COVID-19 crisis as leaders and activists argue for global and all-of-society responses to the pandemic. At the same time, public fears have highlighted social fissures through acts of intolerance and v…

Elder, you're Right! Age-Group Differences in Social and Political Interactions in Africa

Differences in age play an important role in social interaction across the African continent. However, the social effects of these differences remain understudied. Using Afrobarometer data, we investigate how age differences between interviewers and…

Plus D’unité Que de Division? Au Cameroun, les Avis Sont Partagés / More Unity than Division? Opinions are Divided in Cameroon

Cameroon is a country rich in culture and tradition. Due to its history of colonisation, French and English are the two official languages, making it one of the most unique countries in Africa. The cultural diversity is the reason why the country is…

Overcoming Ethnically Motivated Poll Violence in Kenya

Violence expressly motivated by ethnic hatred and ethnic conflict is increasingly defining general elections in Kenya. This policy brief, which focusses on the period between 2007 and 2017, highlights the main issues that promote poll violence in th…

Des Liens qui Unissent ? Des Signes D'unité et de Division dans 34 Pays Africains / Ties that Bind? Evidence of Unity and Division in 34 African Countries.

Understanding the balance between social cohesion and social dissolution experienced in African societies is still a work in progress. The new findings from Afrobarometer Round 8 presented here suggest that we need to question our traditional assump…

Ties that Bind? Evidence of Unity and Division in 34 African Countries.

Understanding the balance between social cohesion and social dissolution experienced in African societies is still a work in progress. The new findings from Afrobarometer Round 8 presented here suggest that we need to question our traditional assump…

Peace, Federalism and Human Rights: Papers presented at the first Graduate Conference on Peace, Federalism and Human Rights

The first edition of the Graduate Conference was held on 12 and 13 August 2015 at the premises of the Institute. Of the 15 papers presented during the conference, eleven are included in this publication. The objective of the paper titled “ Insights…

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