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Indirect Colonial Rule and the Political Salience of Ethnicity

"This paper identifies indirect colonial rule as an important determinant of whether ethnicity becomes politically salient in the post-colonial context. We first demonstrate the existence of a cross-national relationship between indirect colonial ru…

Mapping Opportunities for the Consolidation of Peace in Liberia: “Voices from the Countryside”

The results from the study determine that Liberia is rife with existing and looming conflicts, which have the potential to undermine national peace and stability. Essentially, the findings of this study resonate with previous conflict-mapping exerc…

Opportunities and Challenges of Ensuring Stability in Kenya’s 2017 General Elections

This Policy and Practice Brief (PPB) examines the prospect for a peaceful election in Kenya. It offers insights on what can be done to mitigate any possible election-related violence with respect to the state of readiness of election management bodi…

West Africa Insight Vol 5 No.1: Secessionist Movement

This journal comprises several articles. The first article on page 4 is titled: Biafran Separatist Agitations in Nigeria: Causes, trajectories, scenarios and the way forward by Prof. Jideofor Adibe discusses the causes of the civil war in the Republ…

Togolese express Tolerance toward (most) Minorities and Support for Gender Equality

The government of Togo has taken recent steps to protect the rights of women and minorities. One is a new penal code, adopted in November 2015 after years of advocacy by human-rights organizations, that strengthens protections against gender-based v…

Contemporary Populism

Prof. Fukuyama began his analysis of populism with the election of Donald Trump to the US presidency and the UK’s Brexit vote in 2016. “We all found ourselves in the midst of a global populist uprising … trying to figure out what was happening”. He …

Bridging the Divide in Ethiopia’s North

Tigray and Amhara, Ethiopia’s two powerful northern regions, are locked in a dangerous standoff. The tensions over Amhara claims to land administered by Tigray sparked proxy violence in 2018 and could do so again given the lack of appetite for compr…

'All in this Together': Africans Tolerant on Ethnic, Religious, National, but not Sexual Differences

“We’re all in this together” is a mantra of the COVID-19 crisis as leaders and activists argue for global and all-of-society responses to the pandemic. At the same time, public fears have highlighted social fissures through acts of intolerance and v…

Elder, you're Right! Age-Group Differences in Social and Political Interactions in Africa

Differences in age play an important role in social interaction across the African continent. However, the social effects of these differences remain understudied. Using Afrobarometer data, we investigate how age differences between interviewers and…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2013

In ‘The Other Side of Drones: Saving Wildlife in Africa and Managing Global Crime’ the negative consequences of poaching are felt in Africa and around the world, governments and law enforcement may have a way to counter this threat: the use of unarm…

Nigeria’s Boko Haram: Beyond the Rhetoric

"As the world remains focused on the fate of more than 200 Nigerian schoolgirls kidnapped by members of the militant Islamist group Boko Haram from the town of Chibok, Borno State in mid-April, it is clear that this terrorist organisation is rapidly…

Anthology of Peace and Security Studies Volume 4

"The first paper in this anthology is “The practice on inter-ethnic conflict transformation in Ethiopia: The case of Amhara-Afar conflict in Kewot and Semurobi- GelaAloworeda”. The paper focuses on the Amhara-Afar conflict in Kewot and Semurobi-gela…

Alternative Dispute Resolution and Peace Studies in Africa: Lessons, Prospects and Challenges

'A report on the proceedings of the Fourth International Africa Peace and Conflict Resolution Conference held in Johannesburg, South Africa, on 25 and 26 July 2014. The 2014 conference was organised under the theme ‘Alternative dispute resolution an…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 14, no. 2, 2014

‘Security regionalism and flaws of externally forged peace in Sudan: The IGAD peace process and its aftermath’ examines the IGAD peace process in Sudan, highlighting the dynamics and relative roles of the principal actors involved. It argues that al…

Understanding the Causes and Impacts of Conflicts in the Northern Region of Ghana

In this paper the causes and impacts of conflicts in Northern Region are examined, with particular reference to the Konkomba inter-ethnic conflicts. It situates the question of conflict within the context of the Northern Region of Ghana and defines …

Ethnicity and Democracy Findings from Afrobarometer Round 6 Survey in Zambia

This presentation is based on a survey on the ethnicity of Zambians. The survey found the most citizens belong to two tribes but also have a strong national identity.

Beyond Secularism: Sectarian Conflict and the Resilience Challenge for the African State

Following two decades of dramatic progress in economic development, political stability, improved governance and inspired regional cooperation – currently, Africa is at a turning point. Stability and economic well-being is being threatened by a numb…

Peace, Federalism and Human Rights: Papers presented at the first Graduate Conference on Peace, Federalism and Human Rights

The first edition of the Graduate Conference was held on 12 and 13 August 2015 at the premises of the Institute. Of the 15 papers presented during the conference, eleven are included in this publication. The objective of the paper titled “ Insights…

Conflict Resolution Wisdom From Africa

"This is a very well written and detailed book about conflict resolution wisdom in Africa. It begins its narratives with a detailed but concise narration of African history and then gradually moves on towards modern times. It focuses very well on th…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution Vol. 2, No. 1, 2001

This journal gincludes two book reviews and five articles. 'Engendering Peace in Africa: a critical inquiry into some current thinking on the role of African women in peace-building' investigates popular concepts of womanhood and of women's peace-bu…

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