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Ethnic Conflict in the Horn of Africa

"This paper looks at the formation of ethnicity and ethnic conflict in the Horn of Africa with particular attention to the conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea. Firstly, conflict in the Horn of Africa at large is mapped out. Ethnic and political gr…

From Fatigues to Three-Piece Suits: East African Guerrillas in Power

"Since decolonisation in African countries ethno-political differences have led to guerrilla warfare. Through these movements, authoritarian regimes have been created. In Uganda, after the National Resistance Movement took power a ‘no-party democrac…

Easing Cameroon's Ethno-political Tensions, On and Offline

This report, building on previous Crisis Group publications on the 2018 presidential contest and February 2020 local elections, traces how the crisis has ratcheted up ethnic tensions. It lays out electoral reforms that could help resolve the dispute…

Escalating Violence in Northern Nigeria

Nigeria has long faced varied security challenges that continue to threaten its peace and security. These challenges have been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic and resulted in deepening existing structural inequalities. The nation continues to b…

Tillabéri Region, Niger: Concerning Cycle of Attrocities

Tillabéri region of Niger is witnessing unprecedented level of ethnic-based violence. The January 2 massacre caught the national and international actors’ attention, however; the event was preventable. Accessing communities through ethnically charge…

What is Driving Ethiopia’s Ethnic Conflicts?

The rise in violent ethnic conflict in Ethiopia in recent years can largely be linked to the sharp increase in militant ethnic nationalism against a backdrop of state and party fragility. Decades of exclusivist political arrangements have contribut…

DR Congo: Ending the Cycle of Violence in Ituri

Since December 2017, violence in the province of Ituri, in the north east of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), has left nearly 1,000 people dead and half a million displaced. Breaking out in the territory of Djugu, small-scale attacks first pi…

Managing Spoilers in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

This Policy Brief analyses spoilers in peace efforts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and how to manage them. It posits that managing spoilers in a hybrid conflict requires a comprehensive, tailored, and sensitive approach. Spoilers pos…

Murder in Tillabery: Calming Niger's Emerging Communal Crisis

Recent massacres of villagers in Niger’s northern Tillabery region could mark a change in a conflict previously characterised mainly by fighting between jihadists and security forces. Authorities fear the growth of anti-jihadist vigilante groups cou…

A Personal Perspective on the Ngok-Twic Conflict in Abyei

Ever since the border conflict in Abyei between groups of Twic Mayardit and the Ngok Dinka of Abyei in the border town of Aneet broke out on February 10, 2022, there has been a flurry of reactions on both sides of the conflict, crisscrossing both at…

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