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The Development Trap: Militarization, Environmental Degradation and Poverty and Prospects of Military Conversion

"The main aim of this study is to analyze the direct effects of militarization, environmental stress, and poverty on socio-economic development. The novelty of the study stems from its attempt to explore the interlinkages and feedbacks of the thre...

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2011

This issue contains seven articles. 'Climate Change–Conflict Nexus: Framework for Policy-oriented Action' bridges the climate change-conflict gap by providing a framework or lens through which policy-action research on the nexus between climate c...

ELRI Newsletter Issue No 6

In this issue several matters are discussed under the following headings: Environmental Degradation and the plights of vulnerable groups in Nigeria discusses the problems that Nigerian's experience because of the lack of environmental planning. Ou...

Marginalization of Environment and Natural Resources Sub-Sector Undermining the Economic Base and Entrenching Poverty in Uganda

"Environment and Natural Resources (ENR) constitute a significant economic base of Uganda and will remain so in the future. While the causes of poverty in Uganda can be attributed to many other factors, environmental degradation and mismanagemen...

Political Parties, Political Change and Environmental Governance in Uganda: A Review of Political Parties Manifestos

"This paper argues that political parties are going to be the main power blockers in the new political dispensation under a multiparty political system including making important decisions over the management and utilization of the environment and...

People-Centred Environmental Management and Municipal Commonage in the Nama Karoo

"The effective management of municipal commonage can contribute to land reform, food security, local economic development and sustainable natural resource use. Commonage land is, in many towns, the only natural resource available to poor communiti...

People-centred Environmental Management and Municipal Commonage in the Nama Karoo

"Land reform is a key part of government policy, spurred politically by the claims of the landless, as well as the land reform pressures in countries like Zimbabwe. It is clear to national and provincial governments that land reform should be s...

Understanding the Drivers of Drought in Somalia: Environmental Degradation as a Drought Determinant

Drought recurrence is a persistent phenomenon in Somalia. The latest one has continued for the last three years. Although the subdued Gu rains that fell between April and May provided some temporary relief, the depressed nature of this critical ...

Issues in the Economy and Politics of Swaziland since 1968

The first chapter in this publication covers the social welfare provision in Swaziland. Chapter Two titled Economic and social aspects of Farm Squatters in Swaziland since 1982 examines some broad issues which the Droxford incidence highlighted ab...

Green Growth: Implications for Development Planning

"Leaders have been rethinking their growth and development strategies since 2008 in response to the twin challenges of a global economic downturn and increasing environmental degradation. Policy makers and economic planners are always looking for...

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2014

In ‘Has the Rise of China in Africa made Democratisation Less Likely?’ the article draws on Denis Tull’s insightful framework for thinking about Chinese activities in Africa to demonstrate the need for greater nuance in the way we assess China’s i...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Angola 2004

"This first Annual Review of the diamond industry in Angola examines the state of the industry since UN sanctions against UNITA were ended in December 2002. It examines the potential for diamonds to serve as an engine of development rather than wa...

Botswana's Coal: Dead in the Water or Economic Game Changer?

Botswana possesses substantial coal deposits of 212 billion tonnes, the majority of which are low grade. Under favourable conditions, and until solar power becomes a feasible option for supplying baseload electricity, this coal could be either ex...

Climate Compatible Development in the ‘Land of a Thousand Hills’: Lessons from Rwanda

This working paper documents Rwanda’s lessons related to national-level climate change planning, captured as part of the “Lesson Learning from National Climate Compatible Development (CCD) Planning” study. Rwanda, Ethiopia, Kenya and Mozambique p...

Multi-temporal Threshold Algorithm in Forest Fire Detection Using MSG Satellite: The Case of Zimbabwe

"Forest fires have the potential to increase the amount of carbon in the atmosphere which is one of the greenhouse gases responsible for global warming. Climate change may also lead to increased outbreak of forest fires due to increased dryness co...

Poverty and Environmental Degradation in the Lagos Metropolis

The environmental problems confronting the Lagos Metropolis is examined in this paper. The problems are both natural and man-made and can be grouped into physical, sociological and management. After describing the phenomena of poverty and environm...

Ecological Sanitation as a Water and Environmental Conservation Technology Option: The Case of Slum Communities in Kampala

"This study explores Ecological Sanitation (EcoSan) as a Water and Environmental Conservation Technology (WECT) for slum communities in Kampala, Uganda. Information presented in this paper results from a research carried out in five slums of Kampa...

International Investment and the Environment

The presentation opens with a graph which introduces the four broad arms of globalization and then discusses the effect of it on the environment in Nigeria specifically. The growth of international investment is discussed next, referring to the in...

Transitioning to Sustainable Development and a Green Economy in the Niger Delta of Nigeria : Challenges and Prospects

This monograph examined the production and consumption activities of a resource-rich, but peripheral and marginalized region of a developing country, that is on an unguided race to develop, and is consequently paying little or no attention to t...

Poverty and Environmental Quality in the Niger Delta Region : Dependence on Biomass Fuels as the Source of Household Energy

This study analyzed the relationship between poverty and environmental quality in the Niger Delta Region. It focuses on determining how population growth has affected forest and non-forest resource exploitation in the Niger Delta Region; establish...

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