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Can Black Economic Empowerment Drive New Growth?

"This publication summarises the presentations, panelists' contributions and general discussions at the CDE workshop which aimed at stimulating the debate on the relationship between BEE and economic growth. It was structured around four questions...

Lost in Transformation? South Africa's emerging middle class

"This study of the emerging African middle class in South Africa has been motivated by the belief that a middle class independent of the state and supportive of private enterprise is indeed a vital ingredient of sustained economic growth and pol...

Innovative Approaches to Creating Opportunities and Incorporating Young Youth into Rwanda’s Labor Markets

This qualitative study identifies and analyzes the innovative approaches that will create employment opportunities and thus incorporate the youth into labor markets in Rwanda. This report reflects on the effectiveness of the innovative approaches...

No Country for Young People: The Crisis of Youth Unemployment and What to Do About It

This report seeks to do three things. In the first section, we try to provide a clear account of the scale of the crisis of youth unemployment, making the point that the sheer number of unemployed young people means that South Africa needs to th...

Business, Growth and Inclusion: Tackling Youth Unemployment in Cities, Towns and Townships

In this research report, CDE focuses on the 20 municipal regions with the highest number of unemployed young people and considers possible solutions that will have a significant impact in these, sometimes very different, locations. Youth unempl...

An Agenda for Civil Society: A Business Critique? Shaping South Africa's Region Building Role

The Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, South Africa, hosted a one-day policy advisory group seminar at the Double Tree By Hilton Cape Town Hotel, on 20 October 2017, on the theme “An Agenda for Civil Society: A Business Critique? S...

Challenges and Prospects of Entrepreneurship Development and Job Creation for Unemployed Youth: Evidence from Addis Ababa and DireDawa City Administrations, Ethiopia

Almost 90 percent of the world’s youth are residents in countries where they can hardly access adequate education, capital, paid employment and health services. As the size of the younger population in Africa steadily swells to account to being th...

Determinants of Self Employment in Botswana

The global market is rapidly recognizing the importance of entrepreneurship and self employment, especially in growing the economy, creating jobs and reducing poverty. This paper employs the logit regression model to investigate the determinants...

Determinants of Informal Sector Business Success in Botswana

The informal sector plays a critical role in many countries as it provides alternative sources of employment and economic diversification. This paper investigates the determinants of the success of the informal sector in Botswana, using a logit re...

Financing SMEs in Botswana: Factors Influencing Access to Credit

This paper examined factors that influence access to credit by SMEs in Botswana. The results show that access to credit is influenced by gender, citizenship and experience of the manager, as well as firm-size, sector of business, sales and land o...

Nonfarm Enterprises in Rural Ethiopia: Improving Livelihoods by Generating Income and Smoothing Consumption?

In developing countries highly dependent on agriculture, non-farm enterprises (NFEs) are often lauded as income diversification opportunities, helping to smooth income in the farming off-seasons. Using data from the first wave of the Ethiopia Soci...

Women and Value Chain Analysis & Private Sector Development Study in Puntland

This study aimed to provide an analytical review of existing and potential value chains that could help Somali women generate income and access local urban and rural markets in 4 subsectors. It aspired to identify sector specific value chains with...

Meeting the 2030 SDG in Nigeria: The Role of Entrepreneurship Development

The 2015 report of MDGs indicates that Nigeria could not achieve the MDG target of reducing extreme poverty and hunger by 24.1%. The outcome of the current SDG program will not be different if there is no calculated effort to improve prioritise...

Entrepreneurs' Attitudes Toward Risk in Micro and Small Enterprises: Evidence from Urban Ethiopia

The attitudes toward risk of women and men entrepreneurs in micro- and small enterprises (MSEs) are analyzed, and the factors that influence attitude toward risk of MSE owners are investigated. The empirical analysis first uses the moment-based ...

Combining Credit and Training to Support Micro and Small Enterprises in Ethiopia

Over the last two decades, the government of Ethiopia, in collaboration with other development actors, has implemented various programs to develop the Micro and Small Enterprises (MSE) sector. Developing the MSE sector aims to promote inclusive g...

Impact of Credit and Training on Enterprise Performance: Evidence from Urban Ethiopia

This study evaluates the impact of business-development-support programs (credit, training, and a combination of both) on the performance of micro- and small enterprises (MSEs) in Ethiopia. Using 2015 Ethiopian urban survey data and employing en...

Economic Participation of Businesswomen in Sudan: Progress, Problems and Prospects

"This research investigates the possible problems businesswomen still face in Sudan, notwithstanding the government’s policies to promote businesswomen. These problems include the business environment and infrastructure, access to finance, not...

Children's Involvement in Small Business : Does it Build Youth Entrepreneurship?

"This brief summarises the findings of a study, conducted in Tanzania in 2006, that examined how children's work in small businesses impacts the development of their entrepreneurship. The study revealed that the participation of children in small ...

Assessing the Institutional Framework for Promoting the Growth of MSE's in Tanzania : the Case of Dar Es Salaam

"This research paper examined the institutional framework for supporting MSEs. One of the important issues that was raised by the study is the need to develop social entrepreneurship in the country. The study shows that one of the needs of the MSE...

New Entrepreneurs and High Performance Enterprises in the Middle East and North Africa

"The report analyses the challenges and opportunities facing young enterprises and their owners throughout the MENA region. It provides a balanced review of the arguments for and against an active government policy supporting high growth enterpr...

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