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Innovative Approaches to Creating Opportunities and Incorporating Young Youth into Rwanda’s Labor Markets

This qualitative study identifies and analyzes the innovative approaches that will create employment opportunities and thus incorporate the youth into labor markets in Rwanda. This report reflects on the effectiveness of the innovative approaches a…

No Country for Young People: The Crisis of Youth Unemployment and What to Do About It

This report seeks to do three things. In the first section, we try to provide a clear account of the scale of the crisis of youth unemployment, making the point that the sheer number of unemployed young people means that South Africa needs to thin…

Business, Growth and Inclusion: Tackling Youth Unemployment in Cities, Towns and Townships

In this research report, CDE focuses on the 20 municipal regions with the highest number of unemployed young people and considers possible solutions that will have a significant impact in these, sometimes very different, locations. Youth unemploy…

An Agenda for Civil Society: A Business Critique? Shaping South Africa's Region Building Role

The Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, South Africa, hosted a one-day policy advisory group seminar at the Double Tree By Hilton Cape Town Hotel, on 20 October 2017, on the theme “An Agenda for Civil Society: A Business Critique? Sha…

Challenges and Prospects of Entrepreneurship Development and Job Creation for Unemployed Youth: Evidence from Addis Ababa and DireDawa City Administrations, Ethiopia

Almost 90 percent of the world’s youth are residents in countries where they can hardly access adequate education, capital, paid employment and health services. As the size of the younger population in Africa steadily swells to account to being the …

Determinants of Self Employment in Botswana

The global market is rapidly recognizing the importance of entrepreneurship and self employment, especially in growing the economy, creating jobs and reducing poverty. This paper employs the logit regression model to investigate the determinants o…

Determinants of Informal Sector Business Success in Botswana

The informal sector plays a critical role in many countries as it provides alternative sources of employment and economic diversification. This paper investigates the determinants of the success of the informal sector in Botswana, using a logit regr…

Financing SMEs in Botswana: Factors Influencing Access to Credit

This paper examined factors that influence access to credit by SMEs in Botswana. The results show that access to credit is influenced by gender, citizenship and experience of the manager, as well as firm-size, sector of business, sales and land own…

Nonfarm Enterprises in Rural Ethiopia: Improving Livelihoods by Generating Income and Smoothing Consumption?

In developing countries highly dependent on agriculture, non-farm enterprises (NFEs) are often lauded as income diversification opportunities, helping to smooth income in the farming off-seasons. Using data from the first wave of the Ethiopia Socioe…

Women and Value Chain Analysis & Private Sector Development Study in Puntland

This study aimed to provide an analytical review of existing and potential value chains that could help Somali women generate income and access local urban and rural markets in 4 subsectors. It aspired to identify sector specific value chains with t…

Meeting the 2030 SDG in Nigeria: The Role of Entrepreneurship Development

The 2015 report of MDGs indicates that Nigeria could not achieve the MDG target of reducing extreme poverty and hunger by 24.1%. The outcome of the current SDG program will not be different if there is no calculated effort to improve prioritised …

Entrepreneurs' Attitudes Toward Risk in Micro and Small Enterprises: Evidence from Urban Ethiopia

The attitudes toward risk of women and men entrepreneurs in micro- and small enterprises (MSEs) are analyzed, and the factors that influence attitude toward risk of MSE owners are investigated. The empirical analysis first uses the moment-based ap…

Combining Credit and Training to Support Micro and Small Enterprises in Ethiopia

Over the last two decades, the government of Ethiopia, in collaboration with other development actors, has implemented various programs to develop the Micro and Small Enterprises (MSE) sector. Developing the MSE sector aims to promote inclusive gro…

Impact of Credit and Training on Enterprise Performance: Evidence from Urban Ethiopia

This study evaluates the impact of business-development-support programs (credit, training, and a combination of both) on the performance of micro- and small enterprises (MSEs) in Ethiopia. Using 2015 Ethiopian urban survey data and employing endo…

AFECCOR Supporting Artisanal Gold Mining Communities to Access Savings and Credit

The Artisanal Mining Women’s Empowerment Credit & Savings project, known by its French acronym AFECCOR, supports women and men in artisanal gold mining communities to access savings and credit in an effort to promote entrepreneurship and security. I…

The Constraints that Bind (or don’t): Integrating Gender into Economic Constraints Analyses

Around the world, the lives of women and girls have improved dramatically over the past 50 years. Life expectancy has increased, fertility rates have fallen, two-thirds of countries have reached gender parity in primary education, and women now make…

Addressing Youth Unemployment in Uganda; The Inevitable Advice of the 21st Century

The issues raised in this policy brief provide a body of recommendations to policy makers including: the central government, local governments, curriculum developers, educationalists, and other policy implementers. It also highlights a clear vision …

Determinants of Financial Inclusion for Youth Entrepreneurs: Evidence from Addis Ababa City and Shirka Wereda Ethiopia

This study identified and examined the factors that affected the financial inclusion of young people in selected sites in Ethiopia using local-level data collected with a Community-Based Monitoring System approach. We collected data from 4,928 young…

The Economic Benefits of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in the Kingdom of Swaziland: A Case of the National Handicraft Training Centre (NHTC)

Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in Swaziland is key for employment and self-employment opportunities which result in economic growth. TVET has proven to be an educational pathway that can be used to significantly reduce the un…

Gender-based Credit Constraints and Firm Performance in Cameroon

This paper revisits the empirical literature on gender and access to formal finance by enterprises and examines the effect of financial constraints on firm performance in Cameroon. Existing literature on the importance of gender of the firm’s owner …

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