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Accelerating Economic Growth and Policy Reforms to Optimise Zambia’s Demographic Dividend

Zambia‘s Vision 2030 attempts to turn the country into a prosperous industrial middle-income nation, which will provides opportunities for improving the well-being of all its citizens. In the past decade, the country has experienced steady economic …

The Role of Informal Urban Settlements in Upward Mobility

Informal urban settlements influences the well-being of a large section of global humanity . Yet there has been very little research on their role in facilitating social mobility. Such settlements, in theory, may foster human progress by linking rur…

Mapping of Studies on Employment Creation of Agriculture and Agro-processing in Kenya Final Report

"Agriculture is the engine of growth in Kenya. The sector contributes 26 percent to the Gross Domestic Product and 60 percent of the formal wage employment in the public and private sectors. Growth in the sector has been modest at an annual average …

Changing Structure of Africa's Economies

"In recent years, some counties in Africa south of the Sahara (SSA) have experienced growth in their economies and improvements in living standards. Although there is some debate, it is clear that the share of the population living below the povert…

Money Talks - A Key Reason Youths Join Boko Haram

The particular observation in this study, that people join Boko Haram because of financial rewards, challenges the popular scholarly proposition that poverty has no direct causal link with terrorism and violent extremism. Although, it is not the onl…

Working for Safety: The Community Work Programme as a Tool for Preventing Violence and Building Safer Communities

The primary purpose of the CWP is to provide an employment safety net. By working in the CWP people who are poor can obtain a basic stable income. But the CWP also makes a big difference to life in the communities in which it is situated. Through t…

A Case Study of the Ivory Park Community Work Programme

The CWP provides two days of work per week (up to 100 days per year) to unemployed people who have been enrolled into the programme. This enables participants to use the other three days to look for long-term employment and other opportunities. Thi…

A Follow-up Report on the Community Work Programme in Bokfontein

In this community, people worked in various projects such as road maintenance, gardening, home-based care, afterschool care, cutting grass, installing pipes for water, and working on the park. All these projects were also found to be effective in f…

Impact of Information Technology on the Nigerian Economy: A Study of Manufacturing and Services Sectors in the South Western and South Eastern Zones of Nigeria

"In Nigeria preliminary investigations show that only a few organizations in the economy have adopted the ICTs, but there has not been formal study to determine the level of adoption and impact on the efficiency of the organizations and the conseque…

Social Protection : What about Young People not in Employment, nor in Education, nor in Training ?

The paper assesses the phenomenon of NEET, it identified the key factors that drive the probability to belong to this category and explore targeting measures. In fact, due to the low vote of youth employment and the precariousness of their status in…

Inequalities in the Context of Structural Transformation: Senegal Country Case Study

Since the late 1990s it has become a priority of Senegal to reduce inequality and poverty. The catalysts are the structural adjustment policies, which have had disastrous consequences on the living conditions of populations. The policies undertaken…

Digging a Future? Citizens see Positive Impact of Mining in Madagascar

"Madagascar is blessed with some of the world’s largest known natural-resource reserves, especially high-grade iron ore and precious stones such as alluvial sapphires. At the same time, its people are among the world’s poorest. Given the wealth of n…

Managing Natural Resources for Growth and Prosperity in Low Income Countries

This paper analyzed the economic impact of natural resources on low-income countries and the policy options available to them as recommended by academia and international organizations. It was concluded that traditional policy prescriptions are unre…

The Seychelles Labor Market

This report, produced as a background paper to the World Bank Systematic Country Diagnostic (SCD), provides a detailed overview of the Seychelles labor market. It emphasizes the relationship between changes to the overall structure of the economy a…

Education, Marriage, Fertility and Work Choices of Young Women in Uganda

Despite the existence of several policies and laws aimed at empowering women to participate as equal partners in development, a number of challenges remain in Uganda. Low female education attainment, early marriages, teenage pregnancies and poor fem…

Will Tanzania's Natural Gas Endowment Generate Sustainable Development?

Tanzania first discovered natural gas in commercially viable quantities in 2010. In March 2016, another major gas discovery of 2.7 trillion cubic feet (TCF), estimated at a value of some $8 billion was made in the Ruvu Basin Coast Region. This bring…

Calming the Copperbelt Economic Storm

During the last five years, the Zambian economy has been slapped by a series of turbulent macroeconomic challenges. The most notable shocks were the steep drop in the global price of copper, Zambia’s main foreign exchange earner, severe electricity …

Labour Market Regulations and Labour Market Outcomes in Zambia: A Firms’ Perspective

This report has provided a comprehensive review of key labour laws and regulations in Zambia drawing from various pieces of legislation. The report has also revealed the perception of firms on current labour laws and regulations and how these laws…

An Empirical Assessment of the Union 'Facilitation Effect' in the Ghanaian Labor Market

Workers effective access to mandatory non-wage benefits is key to achieving decent working conditions in the Ghanaian labor market. Thus, this paper investigates the effects of union presence on workers’ reported access to non-wage benefits. The s…

Opportunities First: A New Lens to Shape Priorities for Action in Middle-Income Countries

This report advocates a fundamental change in approach to entrenched poverty in middle-income developing countries by emphasising the ‘O’ rather than the ‘E’ of an equal opportunity ideal. Aspirations to social mobility and justice are more effec…

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