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The Role of Small Businesses in Poverty Alleviation : The Case of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania

"The role of small businesses in poverty alleviation, economic growth and job creation has emerged as an important topic not only for policy makers but also for academic research. The importance of small businesses arises in view of the dismal per...

Managing Expectations and Tensions in Ghana's Oil-Rich Western Region

"The discovery of oil and gas along the coastline of Ghana’s Western Region in June 2007 was viewed as a means for the state to generate revenues that could be used to address the country’s development needs. The inhabitants of the Western Region...

Labour Migration in Southern Africa

"This monograph will briefly outline the origins of the migratory labour system. The trends in labour movement are of particular significance and these are examined at length. Three parties are involved in any migration: the governments of the su...

A Case Study of the Lekgophung Tourism Lodge, South Africa

"The Lekgophung Lodge is a community-owned wildlife tourism lodge, located in the western part of the Madikwe Game Reserve in the North West Province of South Africa. The Lekgophung community is settled near the western boundary of this protected ...

Second Best? Trends and Linkages in the Informal Economy in South Africa

"The idea of a ‘second economy’ has become a feature of recent government economic policy. In this paper we focus on one important element of the second economy – the informal economy. We analyse the nature of the informal economy in South Africa...

The Occupational Dimensions of Poverty and Disability

"In the first section we clarify the theoretical and research background to the paper. We then address occupation in greater depth, highlighting the features of occupational poverty and agency with which disabled people and their households approa...

Social Protection, Citizenship and the Employment Relationship

"This paper addresses the issues of social protection, citizenship and the employment relationship through the lens of South Africa. All ideologies of welfare have at their heart assumptions both about the nature of the relationship between the st...

Estimating the Impact of Minimum Wages on Employment, Wages and Non-Wage Benefits: The Case of Agriculture in South Africa

"Assessments of the impact of minimum wages on labour market outcomes in Africa are relatively rare. In part this is because the data available do not permit adequate treatment of econometric issues that arise in such an assessment. This paper att...

Labour Reform in South Africa: Measuring Regulation and a Synthesis of Policy Suggestions

"Even though the South African economy is formally categorised as an upper-middle income country, it has one of the highest unemployment rates in the world. The economy’s unemployment rate stands officially at 26.7 per cent and 38.8 per cent. This...

Household Incomes, Poverty and Inequality in a Multivariate Framework

"The existing work on household poverty and inequality in South Africa has shown that poverty and inequality differ markedly by race, location, education, gender of the head, household demographics and household labour market participation. Howeve...

The Externalisation and Casualisation of Farm Labour in Western Cape Horticulture

"The purpose of this study is to explore in depth the extent and nature of the changes in the Western Cape. It provides a quantitative overview of farm employment in the most important labour-absorptive sectors of Western Cape horticulture (...

The Labour Market Chapter 2

"This paper has tried to demonstrate that COSATU remains extremely powerful and influential in South African society, particularly because of its close relationship with the ruling party, the ANC. This power and influence would be the envy of ma...

2007 Transformation Audit Leadership and Legitimacy

"The Transformation Audit this year focuses on leadership and legitimacy: on the way in which many aspects of our national life and development are defined by how they are led and managed. The paradox we see at the macro level is the way in which ...

Growth, Poverty Reduction and Inequality in Ethiopia: The Role of Labor Markets (between 1994 and 2004)

"In poverty literature, poverty reduction in a growing economy is analyzed in association with inequality. Economic growth could be accompanied with growing inequality, or with no change in inequality (distribution neutral growth), or with declini...

Labour Markets in Sub-Saharan Africa to be included in Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

"In this survey the operation of both formal and informal labour markets in Africa are analyzed, as well as their impact on employment, wages, poverty and income distribution. Links will be established between the labour markets, the pattern of em...

Efficiency Wage, Rent-Sharing Theories and Wage Determination in the Manufacturing Sector in Nigeria

"The Nigerian labour market, like other sectors of the economy, witnessed dramatic changes following the introduction of the structural adjustment programmes (SAPs) in mid 1986. The labour market has a central role to play in the attainment of SAP...

SADC Trade in Services: Negotiating the National Interest

"The paper begins with a review of the role of the service industry in the SADC economy, focusing on its GDP, employment, trade and investment. It identifies three major sectors for illustrative evaluation, namely transportation, financial and t...

Services trade Liberalisation and the Role of the Services Sector in South African Development

"The purpose of this paper is to explore the implications of services trade liberalisation for employment creation and industrial policy goals in South Africa. It begins by critically examining the debate surrounding the role of the services sect...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 25 and 26

This issue has extracts concerning Namibia, US and Soviet interests, concerning the loan of locomotives to Zimbabwe and concerning Southern Africa. It also covers Namibia negotiations, extracts concerning United States and Southern Africa and extr...

What are the Corporate Options in South Africa? An American Multinational Corporation View

“American corporations doing business in South Africa have been under heavy pressure in recent years to withdraw from South Africa.” Pressure groups want to know “why they continue to operate in South Africa when the system of apartheid denies bas...

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