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South African Immigration Law: A Gender Analysis

"One of the last pieces of apartheid-era legislation to disappear from the South African statute books was the Aliens Control Act of 1991. Although amended in 1995, this Act was finally consigned to history only in March 2003, when the draft regu...

Accelerating Growth in Tough Times

"The report identifies a contradiction between the lack of state capacity to support economic development and the government’s emphasis on state programmes and policies to address these constraints. The OECD also notes the ‘striking’ lack of polic...

Growth, Employment and Economic Policy in South Africa: A Critical Review

"The paper starts with an overview of South Africa's job crisis. It then moves on to consider whether the country's economic policies are conducive to labour-demanding growth. In so doing, it examines trade policies, labour market policies and mac...

BIDPA Briefing 4th Quarter 2000

The real rate of growth of non-mining GDP has definitely slowed, but current indications are for a soft landing. The economy's growth rate appears to have fallen.Part of the reason is that government spending growth was already slowing down in 199...

Has Trade Liberalization in South Africa Affected Men and Women Differently?

"Trade liberalization is a central part of South Africa’s post-Apartheid development strategy. However, despite considerable reforms, the country has failed to generate pro-poor growth, with both unemployment and inequality worsening over the las...

Labour Markets in Sub-Saharan Africa to be included in Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

"In this survey the operation of both formal and informal labour markets in Africa are analyzed, as well as their impact on employment, wages, poverty and income distribution. Links will be established between the labour markets, the pattern of em...

Flagship Project: More and Better Jobs

"Despite high levels of economic growth Zambia is at risk of a jobs crisis. Economic growth averaged 7.9% between 2007 and 2013, but formal sector jobs have only increased by 3.4%. Responding to this challenge is perhaps the country’s biggest prio...

Zambia's Employment Challenge

"Employment is the red thread throughout this issue in particular the ZIPAR Flagship project on “More and Better Jobs”. The issue highlights Zambia’s jobs’ challenge, how ZIPAR will help the Government respond to the scale of the challenge by draw...

Informality and Inclusive Growth in Sub Saharan Africa

The connection between informality and the inclusiveness of economic growth is quite complex and varies in different contexts. Firstly, the authors find that the informal sector promotes inclusive growth through providing an alternative to unemp...

Space, Markets and Employment in Agricultural Development: Zimbabwe Country Report

Land reform on its own is not a cure for all rural economic development challenges. Land redistribution addresses the problem of land access – a key resource in generating farm-based employment and income – but, in addition, there is the need to c...

Space, Markets and Employment in Agricultural Development: Malawi Country Report

"This paper set out to examine the nature of the farm and non-farm employment links in rural Malawi by contrasting two farming systems: smallholder and estate sectors. The smallholder sector is dominated by small owner-operated farms using mainly ...

Measuring Sustainable Development for Post 2015 in Senegal

This report reveals Senegal’s national-level priorities under the post-2015 agenda and includes an assessment of the adequacy of data available for measuring post-2015 progress. In consultation with national stakeholders, IPAR identified opportun...

Can Agriculture Contribute to Inclusive Rural Economies? Findings from Southern Africa

"If agricultural development is to contribute to economic growth, it has to do more than increase the productivity or efficiency of farming. It also needs to contribute to employment in the rural non-farm sector. This is because increases in the ...

Investing in Education and Skills Development

"Kenya has one of the most youthful populations in the world with about 43 percent of its population under the age of 15. The youth population is growing fast and the country is experiencing a youth bulge; an excess especially in young population ...

Harnessing Youth Potential for Economic Growth

"A strong, dynamic and empowered youth is critical in catalyzing and driving the transformations envisioned in the Constitution of Kenya, and the Kenya Vision 2030. The youth aged 15-24 constitute an important segment of Kenya’s population, accoun...

South Africans Generally Tolerant but Report Racial Discrimination by Employers and Courts

"2016 is a landmark year in South Africa’s nation-building process. April 15 marked the 20th anniversary of the first hearings of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC), which sought “to provide for the investigation and the establishment o...

Understanding Mozambique’s Growth Experience Through an Employment Lens

Remarkable progress was achieved in Mozambique, over the last 20 years in promoting macroeconomic growth and stability. Nonetheless, poverty rates remain high and labour market activity is dominated by smallholder farming. We use recent household...

Promoting job-rich urbanisation in Zambia

"Despite the country’s robust economic growth, evidence shows that its urban labor markets are not creating enough of the kinds of jobs that will propel inclusive growth and maximize Zambia’s “demographic dividend.” Real wages declined between 201...

Smallholder Farming: a Panacea for Employment Creation and Enterprise Development in South Africa? Lessons from the Pro-Poor Value Chain Governance Project in Limpopo Province

"Recent government efforts point to the smallholder sub-sector as a potential source for employment creation and enterprise development. This paper presents an analysis of smallholder farmers’ market participation and the potential links to rural...

Improving the Relevance of University Training to Labour Market Demands in Africa

"This policy brief aims to inform policymakers, universities and the productive sector in African countries best policy practices and reforms that would strengthen the relationship between universities and the productive sector, while re-echoing...

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