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The Third Wave: Mixed Migration from Zimbabwe to South Africa

Migration from Zimbabwe to South Africa has been extremely well-documented by researchers. In this paper, we suggest that there is a need to periodize these migration flows in order to understand how and why they have changed over time, not simply...

Patterns of Labor Productivity and Income Diversification in the Rural Farm and Non-farm Sectors in Sub-Saharan Africa

In many sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries, high population growth in rural areas has reduced farm sizes and encouraged growth in non-farm employment and income sources with the aim of improving rural incomes. As agricultural productivity grows...

Will Tanzania's Natural Gas Endowment Generate Sustainable Development?

Tanzania first discovered natural gas in commercially viable quantities in 2010. In March 2016, another major gas discovery of 2.7 trillion cubic feet (TCF), estimated at a value of some $8 billion was made in the Ruvu Basin Coast Region. This bri...

Flagship Project: More and Better Jobs

"Despite high levels of economic growth Zambia is at risk of a jobs crisis. Economic growth averaged 7.9% between 2007 and 2013, but formal sector jobs have only increased by 3.4%. Responding to this challenge is perhaps the country’s biggest prio...

Labour Reform in South Africa: Measuring Regulation and a Synthesis of Policy Suggestions

"Even though the South African economy is formally categorised as an upper-middle income country, it has one of the highest unemployment rates in the world. The economy’s unemployment rate stands officially at 26.7 per cent and 38.8 per cent. This...

Household Incomes, Poverty and Inequality in a Multivariate Framework

"The existing work on household poverty and inequality in South Africa has shown that poverty and inequality differ markedly by race, location, education, gender of the head, household demographics and household labour market participation. Howeve...

Accelerating Growth in Tough Times

"The report identifies a contradiction between the lack of state capacity to support economic development and the government’s emphasis on state programmes and policies to address these constraints. The OECD also notes the ‘striking’ lack of polic...

Growth, Employment and Economic Policy in South Africa: A Critical Review

"The paper starts with an overview of South Africa's job crisis. It then moves on to consider whether the country's economic policies are conducive to labour-demanding growth. In so doing, it examines trade policies, labour market policies and mac...

BIDPA Briefing 4th Quarter 2000

The real rate of growth of non-mining GDP has definitely slowed, but current indications are for a soft landing. The economy's growth rate appears to have fallen.Part of the reason is that government spending growth was already slowing down in 199...

Has Trade Liberalization in South Africa Affected Men and Women Differently?

"Trade liberalization is a central part of South Africa’s post-Apartheid development strategy. However, despite considerable reforms, the country has failed to generate pro-poor growth, with both unemployment and inequality worsening over the las...

South African Immigration Law: A Gender Analysis

"One of the last pieces of apartheid-era legislation to disappear from the South African statute books was the Aliens Control Act of 1991. Although amended in 1995, this Act was finally consigned to history only in March 2003, when the draft regu...

Informality and Inclusive Growth in Sub Saharan Africa

The connection between informality and the inclusiveness of economic growth is quite complex and varies in different contexts. Firstly, the authors find that the informal sector promotes inclusive growth through providing an alternative to unemp...

Space, Markets and Employment in Agricultural Development: Zimbabwe Country Report

Land reform on its own is not a cure for all rural economic development challenges. Land redistribution addresses the problem of land access – a key resource in generating farm-based employment and income – but, in addition, there is the need to c...

Space, Markets and Employment in Agricultural Development: Malawi Country Report

"This paper set out to examine the nature of the farm and non-farm employment links in rural Malawi by contrasting two farming systems: smallholder and estate sectors. The smallholder sector is dominated by small owner-operated farms using mainly ...

Measuring Sustainable Development for Post 2015 in Senegal

This report reveals Senegal’s national-level priorities under the post-2015 agenda and includes an assessment of the adequacy of data available for measuring post-2015 progress. In consultation with national stakeholders, IPAR identified opportun...

Zambia's Employment Challenge

"Employment is the red thread throughout this issue in particular the ZIPAR Flagship project on “More and Better Jobs”. The issue highlights Zambia’s jobs’ challenge, how ZIPAR will help the Government respond to the scale of the challenge by draw...

Can Agriculture Contribute to Inclusive Rural Economies? Findings from Southern Africa

"If agricultural development is to contribute to economic growth, it has to do more than increase the productivity or efficiency of farming. It also needs to contribute to employment in the rural non-farm sector. This is because increases in the ...

Integrating Employment Creation and Skills Development : The Case of Expanded Public Works Programmes in South Africa

"The major driver of unemployment in South Africa is the lack of skills and experience among the unemployed population. This policy brief sets out to investigate the impact of the training provided by the Expanded Public Works Programme (EPWP) on ...

Construction and Related Services in Botswana

"The purpose of this study is to analyze the performance of the construction sector. It has two specific objectives: to conduct an assessment of policy and performance in the construction sector and to identify reform needs of the sector. To achie...

What are the Corporate Options in South Africa? An American Multinational Corporation View

“American corporations doing business in South Africa have been under heavy pressure in recent years to withdraw from South Africa.” Pressure groups want to know “why they continue to operate in South Africa when the system of apartheid denies bas...

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