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Breaking the Conflict Trap in Uganda: Proposals for Constitutional and Legal Reforms

"This policy briefing paper is aimed at identifying key constitutional issues that would inform the constitutional reform process facilitated by civil society organizations in Uganda. The paper benefited from the input of civil society leaders who s…

Examining the Relevance of Political Parties in Malawi

"This briefing paper examines the relevance of political parties in Malawi’s democracy. Beyond the functionalist assumption that existence suggests some positive contribution of an organ to the whole, this paper looks at social operational pre-requi…

A Country Turning Blue?: Political Party Support and the End of Regionalism in Malawi

"This bulletin draws on data collected in four Afrobarometer surveys of public attitudes to examine trends in party support in Malawi over the course of the last decade, looking especially at the extent of regionalism in Malawian party politics. How…

Gender Equality and the Participation of Women in Public Office in Swaziland

Despite major efforts over the past two decades to create equal opportunities for women to participate in politics and to increase female representation in government leadership in subSaharan Africa, women's inclusion continues to be a major challe…

Deliberate Disengagement: How Education Decreases Political Participation in Electoral Authoritarian Regimes

"A large literature examining advanced and consolidating democracies suggests that education increases political participation. However, in electoral authoritarian regimes, educated voters may instead deliberately disengage. If education increases c…

Tanzania and Senegal: Inside the Machine Comparing the Politics of Institutional Reform

"Tanzania and Senegal have long records of political stability. Both made peaceful transitions from single-party ‘African socialism’ to multiparty democracy, becoming favourites with foreign donors and development agencies. Recent elections were dec…

Leadership Crisis and the Debacle of Kenya’s 27th December 2007 General Elections

"This brief puts into perspective the 27 December 2007 electoral debacle through an analysis of its causal factors and implications on the country’s multi-party democratic electoral system. The analysis proceeds from the premise that the country has…

eAfrica: The electronic Journal of Governance and Innovation, Vol 2, May 2004

Reports on the second meeting of the African Partnership Forum which was held from 16-17 April 2011 to discuss issues such as peace and security, HIV/AIDS, food security, education and poverty alleviation. Reflects on some of the issues Zimbabwe has…

Strategies to prevent and manage electoral violence : Considerations for policy

This Policy and Practice Brief offers insights for policymakers regarding strategies to prevent and manage electoral violence. It forms part of ACCORD’s research and interventions on elections and violence. Our work seeks to inform interventions by …

Namibia elections and conflict management

"In November 2004, Namibia conducted its third generation of elections at the presidential, parliamentary and regional levels, since it became independent from apartheid South Africa in 1990. After fourteen years of independence, Namibia has establ…

Two Decades of Conflict and Democracy in Sierra Leone A Personal Experience

"Poor governance, mismanagement, endemic corruption, exclusion and marginalisation, especially of the youth, were causal factors that led Foday Sankoh, an ex-corporal of the national army, to take up arms against the feeble government of President …

South Africa's State-building Role in the DRC: Kicking the Can Down the Road

"As the mooted presidential election in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is postponed to December 2018, South Africa’s most significant engagement in post-conflict reconstruction and development (PCRD) since its return to African affairs in 1…

South Africans Demand Government Accountability Amid Perceptions of Growing Corruption

A report by South Africa’s Public Protector has triggered the latest scandal involving President Jacob Zuma and other state officials, who are accused of improper and unethical conduct in the awarding of state contracts. The latest investigation foc…

Zambia's Constitutional Groundhog Day: Why National Debate about Constitutional Reform is not Going Away Anytime Soon

"Since independence, Zambia has had five major constitutional amendments (an average of one every 10 years), a fact that has raised concerns about the country’s constitutional foundations. The constitution has been made a campaign issue in eve…

People Power: How Civil Society Blocked an Arms Shipment for Zimbabwe

"In April 2008, a Chinese ship carrying arms destined for Zimbabwe’s Defence Force attempted to offload those weapons in Durban’s harbour, so that they might be transported across South African territory to land-locked Zimbabwe. South African civil…

South Africa and the United States in a Post-Bush Era

As South Africa faced its own transition of national leadership, its leaders were tasked with dealing with a new administration in Washington, DC, following the United States' national elections due in November 2008.

Zimbabwe at the crossroads

"The focus of this report is the violence, discontent, politicisation of land, intimidation and declining economy of Zimbabwe. The support from other countries for Zimbabwe is touched upon as well as the factors for destabilization and stabilization…

Madagascar avoidable disaster, test case for African diplomacy

"The battle for control of Madagascar underscored the devastating, long-lasting effect that political instability has on economic development. It not only reversed a promising economic turnaround, but, did grave damage to Madagascar's (previously h…

Another Crossroad for Burundi: From the FNL to Peaceful Elections in 2010

"Following a brief background to place the current state of play in Burundi into context, an overview will be provided of the steps taken in the first half of 2009 to finalise the peace process with the Palipehutu-FNL. This will be followed by an a…

Africa in 2004

"This paper comprises a summary of significant milestones in Africa and also viewing new events that lies ahead. Some of the subjects covered in brief are as follows: Elections in Algeria,Mozambique and Malawi, A decade of democracy in South Africa…

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