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BIDPA Briefing 4th Quarter 1999

"The Botswana economy continues to grow rapidly. There is a possibility, however, that growth will slow down. According to NDP8, development spending should have been cut back in the current budget year, but was budgeted to increase substantially. I…

BIDPA Briefing 2nd Quarter 1999

"In the BIDPA Briefing for the first quarter of 1999, the real value of commercial bank lending actually fell during the early years of the boom. It only began to increase in real terms in 1998, and since then has been increasing very fast indeed.…

The Role of Africa in the Global Economy: The Contribution of Regional Cooperation with Particular Reference to South Africa

"The paper discusses Africa's importance in the world economy. It asserts that Africa's importance has declined over the years. The decline coupled with extreme poverty in most of Africa calls for analysis of possible ways to reverse the negative t…

Minefield of Marikana: Prospects for Forging a New Social Compact

"The South African platinum belt provides a microcosm through which to explore a number of fault lines in the country’s political economy two decades into its democratic dispensation. After the Marikana tragedy of August 2012, the need to forge a …

Employment Status of Zambians: Official Definitions vs Citizen Perceptions

The relationship between unemployment, economic growth and poverty is clear. High levels of unemployment mean that the labour resources are underutilized and growth potential can not be attained. Zambians will not move out of poverty if the growth p…

Parched Prospects The Emerging Water Crisis in South Africa

South Africa is over-exploiting its freshwater resources and water could be a large constraint on the implementation of the National Development Plan. Using the International Futures forecasting system, this paper models and forecasts water demand a…

Economic Policy in South Africa, Past Present and Future

With the end of Apartheid in 1994 a new beginning was promised for South Africa. Herewith included was political freedom and inclusive development for all South Africans. This overview focusses on the economic record and the economic prospects of p…

Raising South Africa's Speed Limit

In order to understand South Africa's poor economic performance since the end of Apartheid, this study focused on key features that set South African economy apart from many other, successful countries. The very low levels of labour participation in…

Nationalism with Chinese Characteristics: How Does it Affect the Competitiveness of South Africa's Mining Industry?

This briefing has shown that deep-pocketed Chinese companies, hungry for resources, may be willing to strike bargains with politically connected local opportunists such as Aurora or SOEs such as the IDC, whose mandate is stretched at best. If the I…

Revamping Artisanal Gold Mining in Zimbabwe to Catalyse Poverty Reduction

"This briefing discusses the challenges and opportunities presented by the artisanal gold mining sector in Zimbabwe. It reflects on the measures needed to promote artisanal miners’ contribution to sustainable development, economic growth and povert…

Emerging Insights into Governance and Sustainable Management of Africa's Natural Ecosystems

"Developing countries need to grow their economies to meet the needs of their people, while ensuring that the productivity and viability of the underlying ecosystems are maintained at healthy levels. Resilient ecosystems are vital to achieve globa…

Misconceptions Surround High Interest Rates and Low Bank Credit to MSMEs in Zambia

"The important contribution made by MSMEs in the development of any economy cannot be overlooked. In Zambia, MSMEs contribute about 56% of the total number of jobs and account for over 80% of the number of businesses registered at the Patents and Co…

Towards Understanding Economic Growth in Africa: A Reinterpretation of the Lewis Model

"Africa’s recent economic growth is at a historical high, the patterns associated with this growth appear to be quite different from the Asian experiences where rapid growth was fueled by labor intensive, export-oriented manufacturing. Because this …

'Lived Poverty' can Inform Swazi Anti-poverty Efforts

Poverty continues to be a major challenge in Swaziland, exacerbated by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Almost two-thirds (63%) of the Swazi population were living in severe poverty in 2012. While reported mild economic growth and declining poverty levels (Af…

Economic Conditions, Living Conditions and Poverty in Mozambique

This briefing paper analyzed how often Mozambicans experience poverty, on one hand, and how they evaluate national and personal economic conditions on the other. Mozambicans were far less likely to experience shortages in basic necessities in 2008 t…

Building an African Corporate Governance

"Developing a suitable system of corporate governance is an important priority for Africa. Corporate governance is underdeveloped on the continent – outside particular pockets – but the emerging system reflects a mix of universal and distinctly Afri…

Climate Change in Ghana: Impacts on Agriculture and the Policy Implications

The five papers in this volume represent a selection of ongoing research on climate change in Ghana. They focus exclusively on agriculture given its significance in Ghana's economy. The lead off paper is by Ferdinand Mawunya and Samuel Adiku and is …

Promoting Financial Inclusion for Inclusive Growth in Africa

This paper has highlighted the state of financial inclusion in Africa and its importance in ensuring economic development and inclusive growth. However, although many countries have agreed to make financial inclusion a priority, as per the Maya Decl…

"Economic Growth, Expanding Role of Government and Fiscal Policy in Ghana : 1965-2004"

As economies develop and grow, their expenditures on public services and regulations also increase even at a higher rate, than their economic growth. Adolph Wagner who pioneered the empirical test of this observation found that the elasticity of gov…

Determinants of the Output of the Manufacturing Industry in Ghana from 1974 to 2006

This paper ascertained the determinants of manufacturing output in Ghana based on available data from 1974 to 2006 using cointegration and error correction model analysis. Our measure of the output of the manufacturing industry was the share of the …

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