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Will China's Reforms Impact FOCAC?

The year of 2014 is viewed as China’s year of reforms in many respects. During the year 2015, the country’s top leaders stressed their determination to remodel China’s development from a development model that values quantity and speed to one that...

Old Tricks, Young Guns Elections and Violence in Sierra Leone

"Sierra Leone is acclaimed as one of Africa’s most successful post-conflict states. But the country remains fragile. Every election since independence has been attended by violence. Support for political parties is polarised on ethnic and regional...

Flagship Project: More and Better Jobs

"Despite high levels of economic growth Zambia is at risk of a jobs crisis. Economic growth averaged 7.9% between 2007 and 2013, but formal sector jobs have only increased by 3.4%. Responding to this challenge is perhaps the country’s biggest prio...

Leveling the Field for Biofuels Comparing the Economic and Environmental Impacts of Biofuel and Other Export Crops in Malawi

"Biofuel production can have conflicting impacts on economic growth, food and energy security, and natural resources. Understanding these trade-offs is crucial for designing policies that are consistent with the Sustainable Development Goals. This...

The Promise of Entrepreneurship for the Future Development of Factor-Driven Economies in Africa

"Until recently, the African continent has held positive fundamentals for growth. However, the continent continues to face profound developmental challenges and structural weaknesses that impede sustained and inclusive growth. Largely driven by na...

From Inspiration to Implementation: Challenges facing South Africa

The birth of the new South Africa brought hope not only for South Africans, but also for sub-Saharan Africa. South Africa is committed to reconciliation and creating a more equal society. While much has been done on the political front to dismant...

Energy, Jobs and Skills: A Rapid Assessment of Potential in Mtwara, Tanzania

"This study sets out by examining, the growth and labour potential of the energy sector, one of the most promising labour absorbing sectors, and the demand that it is creating for young electricians in Mtwara and beyond. The findings of this study...

The Investment Climate in Tanzania: Views of Business Executives

"This brief presents findings from the Executive Opinion Survey 2009, a core input of the Global Competetiveness Report 2009-10 produced by the World Economic Forum. The findings indicate that general security for businesses in Tanzania is good, ...

Rural-Urban Transformation in Uganda

"Uganda over the last twenty years has maintained high economic growth rates, increasing urbanization and shifting patterns in sectoral contribution to overall development. This transformation is dominated by an increasing proportion of the wealth...

Engagement in South Africa: International Monetary Fund Involvement 1990-92

“This paper aims to elucidate the goals of the IMF in South Africa and the impact of its engagement in the country. Whilst the main focus of this article is on the Fund, mention will also be made of the activities of the other Bretton Woods instit...

The Role of Government and Public Policy in Poverty Alleviation in Sub-Saharan Africa

"This paper reviews recent literature on poverty alleviation in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), focusing on the role of government and public policy. It is prepared as part of the AERC research programme on Poverty, Income Distribution and Labour Market...

Recent Developments in the Sanctions Debate: Foreign Attacks and South African Responses

This paper deals with sanctions against South Africa. In the field of international relations the pressure from sanctions is targeting policy changes. A call for sanctions against South Africa did not have the desired effect, however the economic ...

Main Ingredients for a Public Private Sector Strategy for Private Sector Employment Creation in Botswana Prepared for the Fourth Sector Conference on Employment Creation, Francistown

"This paper deals with "a public private sector framework for employment creation". The paper sees a resumption of rapid economic growth through diversification and industrialisation as the most important contribution to the acceleration of employ...

A Simple Formula for Forecasting the Botswana Urban Population Total

"The aim of the present paper is to establish a simple functional relationship linking urbanisation and economic growth. The paper consequently focuses on the interplay between developments in urban population and basic economic variables, with th...

Economic Development and the Water Situation in Southern Africa

"This paper aims at exploring the links between macroeconomics/economic development and the demand /supply balance for water in Southern Africa. The authors starts by briefly describing the water situation in Southern Africa and then consider the ...

Constructive Engagement at Mid-Term

This is an address by the United States Ambassador to South Africa on industrial growth and constructive engagement. He suggests that ‘constructive engagement is a regional policy, directed not at South Africa alone, but all of Southern Africa. Pr...

BIDPA Briefing 4th Quarter 1999

"The Botswana economy continues to grow rapidly. There is a possibility, however, that growth will slow down. According to NDP8, development spending should have been cut back in the current budget year, but was budgeted to increase substantially....

BIDPA Briefing 2nd Quarter 1999

"In the BIDPA Briefing for the first quarter of 1999, the real value of commercial bank lending actually fell during the early years of the boom. It only began to increase in real terms in 1998, and since then has been increasing very fast indee...

The Role of Africa in the Global Economy: The Contribution of Regional Cooperation with Particular Reference to South Africa

"The paper discusses Africa's importance in the world economy. It asserts that Africa's importance has declined over the years. The decline coupled with extreme poverty in most of Africa calls for analysis of possible ways to reverse the negative...

Explaining Growth in Burundi : 1960-2000

"The study comprises four substantive sections. The first section presents a general picture of macroeconomic and sectoral performance of the economy. The aim is to define the time pattern of growth in Burundi, by dividing the sample period into t...

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