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Liberia at a Crossroads: A Preliminary Look at the United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) and the Protection of Civilians

"This paper is a preliminary attempt to look at the role of the United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) in the protection of civilians. In this vein, the paper will briefly explore the political and diplomatic developments leading to the deplo...

Guinea: Reforming the Army

"After decades of bad governance and misuse, the armed forces are a potential source of instability which could still throw Guinea and the region into chaos. At the very least, if not reformed thoroughly, they will continue to pose a threat to de...

Bringing peace to West Africa: Liberia and Sierra Leone

"This paper discusses the tortured peace processes in the West African states of Liberia and Sierra Leone, delineating lessons learnt from the complicated and prolonged diplomacy and external military interventions that characterised these efforts...

Negotiating peace in Liberia: Preserving the possibility for Justice

"A case study which provides in-depth examination on how specific justice issues came to be included and potentially excluded in the Accra peace accord, which was the foundation of the current peace process."

Mediating Election-Related Conflicts

"Beyond major conflicts in Africa over the territorial integrity of states such as Sudan and Somalia, many recent conflicts on the continent are ignited by grievances over bad governance and exclusionary political practices. In many cases, flawed ...

The Root Causes of the Conflict in Ivory Coast

"The conflict in Ivory Coast is a by-product of deep-seated cleavages revolving around ethnicity, nationality and religion. Politicians tapped into these differences to consolidate their monopoly on power, and in the process, pushed the country to...

Implementing the ECOWAS Conflict Prevention Framework: Prospects and Challenges

"Several initiatives have been undertaken by ECOWAS to promote conflict prevention since it was founded in 1975, it is important to raise a number of questions with regard to the ECPF. First, how relevant is the ECPF in respect of conflict prevent...

Policy Brief : Insurgent Movements in West Africa: A Need for Preventive Action in Mali, Niger and Senegal

"This brief seeks to achieve two things. Firstly, it argues that greater attention to the insurgencies taking place in Mali, Niger and Casamance is critical to the maintenance of stability, good governance and peace in the West Africa region and t...

Landmarks in peacekeeping training in West Africa and the role of the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre

"This paper analyses the increasing incidents in Africa of establishing ‘Centres of Excellence’ to train peacekeepers in contemporary peace support operations. It situates the analyses within the context of the cognitive processes and experiential...

Beyond Turf Wars: Managing the Post Coup Transition in Guinea Bissau

"This report discusses the April coup, its causes and consequences. It analyses the transition that has ensued, with particular attention to the complex diplomatic struggle that has unfolded, and assesses whether and under what conditions the tra...

Regional Integration in the ECOWAS Region: Challenges and Opportunities

"The originating concept of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), which is to facilitate free movement of persons and goods within the West African sub-region, has remained largely elusive over time. Prioritization of national i...

Confronting Complex Political Crises in West Africa An Analysis of ECOWAS Responses to Niger and Cote D'Ivoire

"The question addressed in this paper is how the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) has attempted to address crises in Niger and Cote d'Ivoire. How has it sought to implement the norms, activate mechanisms and establish structures ...

Addressing Emerging Security Threats in Post-Gaddafi Sahel and ECOWAS Response to the Malian Crises

"This policy paper examines the broader impact of post-Gaddafi security challenges on West African states, with particular emphasis on the Sahelian regions. This will be juxtaposed against the old insecurities serving as long time precursors. As t...

The Impact of Economic Partnership Agreements between ECOWAS and the EU on Niger

The aim of this study was to assess the economic impact on Niger of the trade component of the Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) between the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the European Union. The study used a partial e...

Maroc-CEDEAO: Comprendre les Réticences pour Mieux les Dépasser / Morocco-ECOWAS: Understanding Reluctance in order to Surpass it

One should bear in mind that joining a group such as ECOWAS, which ensures the free movement of goods, persons and services and aspiring to a single currency regime in 2020 - was not a straightforward matter with regards to the institutional, regu...

The Impact of Trade Reforms on Employment and Welfare in ECOWAS Countries: The Case of Senegal

Disponible en français: L’impact des réformes commerciales sur l’emploi et le bien-être dans les pays de la CEDEAO Le cas du Sénégal. This study evaluates the impact of the ECOWAS-CET and the EPA on youth employment and on welfare in Senegal. Th...

West Africa's Evolving Security Architecture: Looking back to the future

The seminar’s focus was on the evolution of ECOWAS’ security architecture, as outlined in the 1999 ECOWAS Mechanism for Conflict Prevention, Management, Resolution, Peacekeeping and Security (commonly referred to as “the Mechanism”) and the ECOWAS...

The Center Can Hold: Towards a Regional Approach to Combating West Africa’s Terrorists

This brief, examines challenges and prospects of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Counter-Terrorism Strategy and Implementation Plan. This resulted in the ECOWAS Counterterrorism Strategy and Implementation Plan. In this brie...

Sustainable Peace Driving the African Peace and Security Architecture through ECOWAS

This paper focuses on the best practices of and lessons learned from ECOWAS in its implementation of the APSA and draws on academic and policy literature, as well as ECOWAS reports and frameworks. The paper focuses particularly on ECOWAS’ attempts...

In Defense of Democracy: Lessons from ECOWAS’ Management of The Gambia’s 2016 Post-Election Impasse

"The years 2015 and 2016 were of great importance for the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), through supporting the conduct of peaceful elections and the orderly transfer of power. A total of 10 of its 15 member states held electi...

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