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Russian Interference in Africa: Disinformation and Mercenaries

Russia is trying to gain a foothold in Africa via subversion and disinformation tactics. Under the leadership of President Vladimir Putin, Russia increased its interference in Africa by sending mercenaries to show force as opposed to making direct s…

Les Médias en Afrique de L’ouest / The Media in West Africa

This special issue of West Africa Insight reflects on the challenges facing the media industry and offers some initial thoughts on how to overcome them. Mercy Abang looks at ways in which the Nigerian media can develop more sustainable and less depe…

How Online Narrative Played Out on Twitter Before, During and After the 2021 Uganda Elections

Uganda has an estimated 2.5 million social media users. Among the various social media platforms, Twitter, has come to have a strong influence and relevance on the country’s political discourse. Various studies have shown that Twitter data can provi…

Mali's Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview

This study aims to better understand key facets of the ecosystem of fake news in Mali. It argues that the deteriorated political context in the country has facilitated the proliferation of fake news. The Malian fake news ecosystem is also thriving i…

Siera Leone's Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview

In January 2020 internet penetration in Sierra Leone was 25% and there were an estimated 700,000 active social media users, with Facebook, Twitter and WhatsApp the most used applications. These new media platforms act as both sources and enablers of…

Cabo Verde's Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview

his study, which draws on 16 key informant interviews with academics, journalists, lawyers and social media users and an extensive review of relevant reports, documents and social media posts, provides one of the first comprehensive overviews of the…

L'écosystème des Fausses Informations au Sénégal: Une Vue D’ensemble / Senegal’s Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview

As is the case in several countries, false information is gaining ground in the public space in Senegal. The phenomenon itself is not new, but it is now accentuated and popularised with the advent of social networks and other digital platforms. The …

Guinea Bissau's Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview

Misinformation involves the spread of falsehoods without a deliberate attempt to mislead whilst disinformation is manipulated narrative or facts— propaganda deliberately intended to mislead. Both occur in Guinea-Bissau, with the recent Covid-19 pand…

Nigeria's Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview

Fake news is not a new phenomenon in Nigeria. Historically, peddlers of disinformation were popularly referred to as “radio without battery”, with fake news a weapon in Nigeria’s civil war (1967- 1970). Today in Nigeria’s southeast, fake news peddle…

Ghana's Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview

This report explores Ghana’s fake news ecosystem examining key actors in the online and offline space and the origins of their authority; key online information platforms and the interaction between offline media and non-media structures that shape …

L’écosystème des Fausses Informations en Guinée: Une vue D’ensemble / Guinea’s Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview

In Guinea, false information circulates on all information platforms and also in online and offline spaces. However, it is noted that social networks play a role in amplifying the false information that is spread, as well as word of mouth in certain…

Niger's Fake News Ecosystem: An Overview

Niger’s first private media entities emerged in the 1990s following the fall of the single party and military era. However, the birth of private media did not lead to a free and independent media. A bipolar media system quickly took shape, with publ…

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