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Digital Identity in South Africa: Case Study Conducted as Part of a Ten-country Exploration of Socio-digital ID Systems in Parts of Africa

The South African project to digitise its foundational identity expands on a broad system of paper identity documents underpinned by an identity database that has for many decades included records of biometric identity, primarily through fingerprint…

Digital Identity in Ghana: Case Study Conducted as Part of a Ten-country Exploration of Socio-digital Id Systems in Parts of Africa

While there have been a number of prior studies on Ghana’s national ID system, it is rarely framed and assessed as a digital ID. In this report, we highlight the digital components of the national ID and show how it increasingly fits the frame of a …

Digital Identity in Kenya: Case Study Conducted as Part of a Ten-country Exploration of Socio-digital ID Systems in Parts of Africa

Like many other African countries, Kenya is implementing a digital ID programme. However, Kenya’s digital ID comes with a lot of baggage, as it is an upgrade of its national identification document that has been in place since the colonial period. T…

Digital Identity in Nigeria: Case Study Conducted as Part of a Ten-country exploration of Socio-digital ID Systems in Parts of Africa

With the support of international partners such as the World Bank, the French Agency for Development and the European Investment Bank, Nigeria commenced its digital identity programme in 2007 with the passage of the National Identity Management Comm…

Digital Identity in Rwanda: Case Study Conducted as Part of a Ten-country exploration of Socio-digital ID Systems in Parts of Africa

Rwanda started developing its modern ID system in the late 2000s with the enactment of the law governing the registration of the population and issuance of the national ID card in 2008. This law introduced two types of ID cards. The first and the mo…

Digital Identity in Tanzania: Case Study Conducted as Part of a Ten-country exploration of Socio-digital ID Systems in Parts of Africa

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UNGA, 1948) declared the right for everyone to be recognised as a person before the law. On this basis, international organisations and countries around the world have devised initiatives and systems to pro…

Digital Identity in Uganda: Case Study Conducted as Part of a Ten-country exploration of Socio-digital ID Systems in Parts of Africa

The focus of this report is the Ugandan national digital ID project. As governments all over the world attempt to promote the establishment of legal identity systems to promote better planning for welfare and service delivery, it is important to eva…

Digital Financial Services and Digital IDs: What Potential do They have for Better Taxation in Africa

New digital technologies are now being widely used in Africa and lower-income countries (LICs). This has had an impact on tax administration, which has been increasingly digitised. Specifically Digital Financial Services (DFS) and digital IDs can im…

Digital Identity in Zimbabwe: Case Study Conducted as Part of a Ten-country Exploration of Socio-digital ID Systems in Parts of Africa

Countries are moving to adopt digital ID systems to help address the exclusion of their citizens under the traditional analogue registration frameworks as well as ensure access to basic services, including healthcare, education, social welfare and v…

Digital Identity in Lesotho: Case Study Conducted as Part of a Ten-country Exploration of Socio-digital ID Systems in Parts of Africa

In 2011, the government of Lesotho passed the National Identity Cards Act 2011, which paved the way for establishing a national digital identity register and issuing national identity cards (ID cards). In 2013, the register, managed by the Departmen…

Digital Identity in Mozambique: Case Study Conducted as Part of a Ten-country Exploration of Socio-digital ID Systems in Parts of Africa

This study assesses the current stage of implementation of initiatives related to digital identity in Mozambique. It forms part of the Research ICT Africa project, in partnership with the Centre for Internet and Society, to assess the stage of digit…

Towards the Evaluation of Socio-digital ID Ecosystems in Africa: Comparative Analysis of Findings from Ten Country Case Studies

Efforts to establish or improve national identification systems in Africa have coincided with the increasing deployment of mobile technology. This has led to the prioritisation of digital “solutions” for facilitating forms of identification and regi…

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