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War, Peace and Diamonds in Angola: Popular Perceptions of the Diamond Industry in the Lundas

"Following the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding by UNITA and the FAA on 4 April 2002, UNITA ceased to exist as a military force, and Angola – with the exception of the Cabinda enclave – was definitively at peace. The arguments around “co...

Other Facets no 22

In ‘Diamond controls in Venezuela: 100% KP, non-compliant,’ Venezuela’s diamond exports are avoiding Kimberley Process controls, and 100% of annual production is being smuggled out of the country. In ‘Kimberley Process 2006: Collapse averted’ PAC ...

Other Facets no 21

In ‘Brazilian Diamond Exports Resumed: Fraud wider than originally believed, ’ the challenge for Brazil will be to enforce new regulations, which are largely computer based, in a system where huge volumes of diamonds are mined by diggers with no l...

Other Facets no 20

In ‘Massive Brazilian Diamond Fraud,’ Brazil is one of the oldest diamond producing countries in the world, but nobody can say where half of the diamonds it exports have been mined, and government certificates accompanying fully one quarter of Bra...

War and Peace in Sierra Leone : Diamonds, Corruption and the Lebanese Connection

"This report presents an overview and analysis of the situation in Sierra Leone with respect to the diamond industry since United Nations intervention in 2000. It evaluates efforts made by the Sierra Leone government to ensure greater transparency...

Other Facets no 27

In ‘Venezuela shames Kimberley; mocks vacillating committees’ the Venezuela “problem” began as a test of Kimberley Process resolve to be an effective regulatory system in the fight against conflict diamonds. It has unravelled into an embarrassment...

Other Facets no 25

‘Land Grabbing and Land Reform: Diamonds, Rubber and Forests in the New Liberia’ spells out the huge challenges facing the new government of Liberia following a decade and a half of brutal civil war, war fuelled mainly by looted natural resources....

Other Facets no 24

‘Venezuela attacks PAC: inaction damages Kimberley Process: NGOs’ documents the violence and ineptitude that mark Venezuela’s diamond controls. In ‘Worries about illicit trade: KP effectiveness questioned’ a hot topic at the June Kimberley Process...

Other Facets no 23

In ‘Zimbabwe diamond rush turns poisonous: Accusations lead to nationalization plan’ a diamond rush in the remote region of Marange in eastern Zimbabwe became the subject of a series of angry exchanges between the government and its critics begin...

Artisanal Diamond Cooperatives in Sierra Leone: Success or Failure?

“In 2005, USAID’s Integrated Diamond Management Programme (IDMP) in Sierra Leone experimented with a diamond mining cooperative scheme in order to formalize and rationalize the artisanal sector, and increase local beneficial. Two American business...

Other Facets no 29

In ‘Venezuela Drops Out: The Withdrawal Method’ a large Kimberley Process delegation visited Venezuela to discuss the country’s continued participation in the Kimberley Process. Venezuela, a mid-size diamond producer, has recorded almost no diamon...

Other Facets no 28

In ‘Venezuela Saga Continues’ Venezuela has been a thorn in the side of the Kimberley Process – and the industry it seeks to protect – almost from the beginning. A charter member of the KP from 2003, Venezuela basically stopped reporting on diamon...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Angola 2004

"This first Annual Review of the diamond industry in Angola examines the state of the industry since UN sanctions against UNITA were ended in December 2002. It examines the potential for diamonds to serve as an engine of development rather than wa...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Democratic Republic of Congo 2004

"This Review demonstrates some of problems in tracking simple things like the ownership of diamond firms operating in the DRC. When a corporate ownership trail leads from the DRC to Montreal, Panama and then to Israel, and when even simple que...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2004

"It is now two years since Sierra Leone’s war formally ended. Fuelled largely by diamonds and corruption – the two were very closely linked – the decade-long conflict drew much-needed international attention to the processes of diamond mining and ...

All That Glitters is Not Gold: Dubai, Congo, and the Illicit Trade of Conflict Minerals

Gold is considered to be a 'conflict mineral'. In the DRC gold and diamond trade were tainted by conflict financing, tax evasion, corruption and smuggling. This resulted in the illegal trade of gold, huge financial losses for the DRC and violent c...

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