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Realizing the Demographic Dividend: Is Africa any Different?

"The goal of this paper is to test whether the determinants of growth in general, and the effects of demography in particular, are different in Africa than for the rest of the world. The author shows that most Sub-Saharan countries have the potenti…

Ticking Time Bomb or Demographic Dividend? Youth and Reconciliation in South Africa

"This year’s report on the results of round 12 of the Reconciliation Barometer survey offers some deeper insights into the views, opinions and beliefs of young South Africans, particularly around the issues of political participation, the economy, u…

Opportunities and Policy Actions to Maximise the Demographic Dividend in Botswana

Botswana’s socio-economic development aspirations as spelt out in its current long-term development strategy, Vision 2036, is to graduate from being an upper-middle-income country (UMIC) to a high-income country (HIC) with prosperity for all. Demogr…

Shaping the future: Strategies for Sustainable Development in Kenya

Kenya’s future offers both opportunities and significant challenges. It is a continental leader in information technology and has well-developed health and education systems relative to other lower-middle-income African countries, despite average …

East African Regional Analysis of Youth Demographics

This report summarizes the findings of research on the socioeconomic implications of youth demographics in four East African Community (EAC) countries namely: Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda. For the study, we used systematic mapping approaches …

Regional Analysis of Youth Demographers: East African Community Countries

Approximately 17% of the world’s 7.5 billion people live in Africa, and by 2065, the continent’s population will comprise 28% of the world’s population. Roughly 60% of the African population is less than 25 years old (compared with 41% globally), an…

Getting to Africa’s Demographic Dividend

The purpose of this report is to explore the timing and conditions for African states’ achieving a demographic dividend that can accelerate the rate of improvement in livelihoods. To that end, the first part of this report presents a definition of …

Regional Analysis of Youth Demographics: Uganda

This briefing note summarizes a review of literature and policies on youth demographics and implications from our scenario modelling of the short-term and medium-term projections of the youth population in Uganda. Specifically, the briefing note hi…

Towards Maximising the Demographic Dividend in Namibia

The primary objective of this study was to assess Namibia’s prospects for harnessing the demographic dividend and to identify priority options for maximising the dividend. Demographic change has implications for the realisation of these ambitions. T…

Regional Analysis of Youth Demographics: Briefing note Tanzania

This briefing note summarises a review of literature and policies on youth demographics and implications from our scenario modelling of the short, medium and long-term projections of the youth population in Tanzania, and their demand for services. F…

Emerging Giant: Potential Pathways for Ethiopia to 2040

This report presents an integrated assessment of Ethiopia’s future prospects using the International Futures modelling platform. The bulk of the report presents the likely development prospects of the country to 2040 along various measures such as p…

South Africa first! Getting to Thuma Mina

South Africa is growing more slowly than its peers. What can be done to turn its prospects around? This report diagnoses South Africa’s weak growth outlook to 2044. It then presents an alternative, aspirational vision for South Africa called Thuma M…

Accelerating Human Capital Development to Optimise Zambia’s Chances of Harnessing the Demographic Dividend

The policy and programme options are highlighted in this policy brief that Zambia can adopt in order to accelerate human capital development to optimize its chances of harnessing the demographic dividend. In order to enhance the chances of earning …

Accelerating Fertility Decline in Zambia Opening the Window of Opportunity for the Demographic Dividend

Over the past three decades, Zambia’s fertility has declined slowly in the context of steady decline in child mortality. Consequently, 45% of the population is under 15 years of age, which has resulted in a high child dependency burden. The populati…

Accelerating Economic Growth and Policy Reforms to Optimise Zambia’s Demographic Dividend

Zambia‘s Vision 2030 attempts to turn the country into a prosperous industrial middle-income nation, which will provides opportunities for improving the well-being of all its citizens. In the past decade, the country has experienced steady economic …

Economic Reforms and Policies to Boost Job Creation and Optimise Malawi’s Opportunity to Harness the Demographic Dividend and Accelerate Socio-economic Development

Malawi can by optimizing its economic opportunities and unleashing the power of its youthful population into an asset for development through the demographic dividend (DD), potentially accelerate its socio-economic economic transformation agenda out…

Harnessing the Demographic Dividend : The Future We Want for Zambia

This study report showed that Zambia can harness a sizeable demographic dividend. Zambia should adopt policies and prioritize investments aimed at accelerating fertility reduction through voluntary and rights based interventions and education to ope…

Demography and COVID-19 in Africa: Evidence and Policy Responses to Safeguard the Demographic Dividend

The emergence of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused major health, social and economic upheavals that present an indispensable need for demographers and policy makers in Africa to consider the emergent evidence, the interaction betwee…

Maximising South Africa's Demographic Dividend

"Based on 2005 estimates of National Transfer Accounts for South Africa, this paper investigates the resource flows across ages within the generational economy. The paper provides estimates of the lifecycle deficit and describes the financing of the…

Harnessing Youth Potential for Economic Growth

This policy brief discussed how Kenya can harness the youth potential in order to achieve the demographic dividend through highlighting the skills supply mismatch, unemployment and underemployment, job creation and existing opportunities for the you…

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