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Conflict Trends Issue 2 2009

This Issue comprises several articles entitled as follows: 1)The Palestine-Israel Conflict: Lessons from South Africa’s Democratic Transition 2)Evaluating Women’s Participation in Transitional Justice and Governance: A Community Dialogue Process i...

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2002

"The first section of this issue serves as a good prelude to the other three articles, which focus on the process of democracy in Africa. This part begins with an article by Liebenberg, which is a critical reflection on the theoretical underpinnin...

The State of the Region Security Sector Governance in Southern Africa

"The aim of this conference was to explore dynamics that influence the democratic governance of the security sector in Southern Africa. The 1990s was a period of democratic transition for many states in Southern Africa. These transitions often en...

Policy Brief : Democratic Transition and Electoral Security in Ghana

"In Ghana,the Fourth Republican Constitution of 1992 makes provision for a smooth alternation of political power between political parties through free and fair elections supervised by an independent electoral commission. The Constitution,also, p...

Ethiopia: Emergence and Positive Change in a Turbulent Geopolitical Context

Through this paper, an anthropological and historical approach was used in the first part, in order to understand Ethiopia’s modern state building process since the fall of Haile Selassie’s empire to the rise of the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionar...

Confronting the Future of Somaliland's Democracy: Lessons from a Decade of Multi-partyism and the Way Forward

Somaliland’s unilaterally withdrawal from the union with Somalia in 1991 was followed by a decade-long peace and state-building process led by traditional clan elders. Somaliland resolved internal disputes, merged militias into police and military...

Stabilising Sudan: Domestic, Sub-Regional and Extra Regional Challenges

After Sudan – Africa’s geographically largest country – emerged from the continent’s longest civil war in 2005 with the signing of a Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) by the government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SP...

Civilian Control and the Security Sector

The democratic transition and consolidation that Ghana has gone through, reflects in several ways the struggles for democratic accountability, transparency and sustainability, with broad support from different sections of the community. These conf...

Réforme et Stratégie Sécuritaire en Tunisie / Safety and Reform Policy in Tunisia

To ensure the implementation of a true public security policy, it is needed to address the internal problems of the interior security forces. This is essential so that political power is able to respond democratically, balanced and proportionate t...

Transitional Justice in Kenya : How Far Should we go in Defining the Past?

A key dilemma is highlighted in this policy paper which addresses those societies seeking to redress the past through transitional justice measures in determining how to define that past: how far back into history is enough and not too far to trul...

The Legacy of Mauritania’s Colonels: West Africa’s Next Crisis?

Briefly taking stock of the pertinent theoretical literature on democratic transitions, civil military relations, identity conflict, and the merit of focusing on the role of individual leaders, this study comparatively examines and evaluates the...

The Role of Civil Society in Advocating for Transitional Justice in Uganda

"This paper examines the role of civil society in addressing issues of transitional justice in a society like Uganda where there has been no democratic transition. When taking into account the theoretical conceptualisation of civil society, one ha...

Ticking Time Bomb or Demographic Dividend ? Youth and Reconciliation in South Africa

"This year’s Reconciliation Barometer report focuses on youth attitudes emerging from round 12 of this nationally representative public opinion survey, conducted annually by the IJR since 2003. Until recently, it has been a challenge to measure an...

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