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Fiscal Federalism, Subnational Governance and MDGs in Nigeria

"This paper therefore explores the relevance, impact and challenges of sub-national governments in the progress towards the MDGs by 2015. The central hypothesis is that policy and spending autonomy alone cannot enable a sub-national government to ...

Decentralisation: A Good Thing Being Abused?

"Various official documents enjoin local government units to help enhance effective and transparent governance in Uganda. Decentralisation is the policy under which local governments operate. Local governments here refer to district councils, city...

State, Market and Community: The Potential and Limits of Participatory Land Reform Planning in South Africa

"This paper explores the limits to both state- and market-led land reform approaches, and the potential of a hybrid that is founded on participation in decision-making by rural residents themselves. First it outlines the genesis of the market-led ...

The Role of Political Parties at the Local Government Level A Reflection on South Africa at the time of the Policy Process of Review on Decentralisation

"The ongoing review of decentralisation in South Africa will definitely affect political parties’ legitimisation mechanisms at the local level. For this reason, one may expect the same actors, together with civil society organisations (CSOs), to b...

Decentralization and Development : Emerging Issues from Uganda's Experience

"The current desentralization in Uganda originated in the late 1980's as part of a broader effort to restore state credibility and deepen democracy following several years of political and economic turmoil. Using a detailed framework Uganda entren...

BIDPA Briefing Public Sector Reforms

"Public sector reforms in Botswana are broadly perceived to mean structural and procedural changes aimed at obtaining a more efficient and effective public service. Amongst the above-listed components of public sector reforms, Botswana has giv...

Liberia: Time for Much-Delayed Reconciliation and Reform

"After a credible, though contentious, election, President Johnson Sirleaf is governing a still-divided country under a weak mandate. A fragile peace remains vulnerable to destabilisation by disputes over natural resources, a weak police force an...

The DRC at 50: Confronting the Challenges of Peace and Territorial Consolidation

"On 30 June 2010 the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) celebrated 50 years of independence from colonial rule. At 50, the country is torn between competing and contradictory internal forces as it tries to negotiate a path towards self understandi...

Decentralisation, Development and Conflict: Challenges Awaiting Local Authorities in Lesotho

"This paper looks at decentralisation policy in the context of Lesotho and the challenges that await local authorities. It should be pointed out that the paper recognizes the fact that there are different forms of decentralisation, namely; deconce...

Democratic Devolution: Structuring Citizen Participation in Sub-National Governance

Public participation has become a central concern of modern democratic politics. It is increasingly recognised that citizens have the right to ongoing involvement in their own governance, and that systems to facilitate it need to be put in place. ...

Democracy in Somaliland: Challenges and Opportunities

The people of Somaliland went to the polls on 26th June 2010 to elect the President and Vice President of the Republic for the second time in a period of 50 years, counting from the date of independence in 1960. The election dates were extended ...

Fiscal Federalism and Decentralization in Selected IGAD Member Countries

Fiscal federalism - the fiscal implications of a decentralized system of multi-level government – is an important component of governance in a federal or a decentralized system. Among the aspects of fiscal federalism to be assessed are the constit...

Local Solutions: Creating an Enabling Environment for Decentralisation in Somaliland

In December 2002, the people of Somaliland went to the polls for the first time in more than three decades, electing 332 councillors to manage the affairs of their towns and 23 electoral districts. These ‘local elections’ marked the first chapter ...

Understanding the Local Government System in Kenya A Citizen's Handbook

The first objective of this handbook is to provide citizens with information and insight on local government matters. The second objective is to sensitize citizens and other stakeholders to use the information and engage Local Authority leadership...

Local Government Revenue Mobilization in Anglophone Africa

The opportunities and constraints facing local revenue mobilization in Anglophone Africa, was examined in this paper, with an emphasis on urban settings. It discussed specific revenue instruments and their effects on economic efficiency, income di...

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