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International Debt Management in Africa

"This paper discusses various aspects of the problems African governments face in financing their generally large budgetary deficits. Its primary objective is to focus on the main methods of financing which are realistically available given the gene…

Reversing Zambia’s High Risk of Debt Distress

With about a year into implementation of the 2017 to 2019 Medium Term Debt Strategy, this paper gives a synopsis of the strategy. It delves into each of the pillars of the strategy and analyses the pros and cons of each and assesses whether the pil…

Africa's Rising Debt: Implications for Development Financing and a Sustainable Debt Management Approach

Presently, 19 African countries have exceeded the 60% debt-to-gross domestic product (GDP) threshold prescribed by the African Monetary Co-operation Programme (AMCP) for developing economies, while 24 have surpassed the 55% debt-to-GDP ratio suggest…

State, Market and Competition - Can Eskom be rescued?

Eskom is a vertically integrated monopoly, wholly owned by the state, supplying about 90 per cent of the electricity consumed in South Africa. Measured by generating capacity, it is the eleventh largest power utility in the world. It is the sixth la…

Foresight Africa: Top Priorities for the Continent in 2019

This edition of Foresight Africa illuminates the priorities of the continent in the coming year, with recommendations for tackling the challenges that lie ahead. In Chapter 1, authors examine how good governance, elections, and institutions of democ…

Managing Debt and Mobilizing Resources: A Delicate balance to Sustain Economic Growth

In 2019, the economic outlook of sub Saharan Africa will strengthen, due largely to a combination of higher commodity prices, a stronger global economy, and supportive domestic policies. The latest projections have the region’s aggregate gross dome…

Is Sub-Saharan Africa Facing Another Systemic Sovereign Debt Crisis?

Our analysis suggests that, while another systemic sovereign debt crisis is not imminent, the rapid pace of the debt increase, as well as important changes in its structure and design features compared with that of the HIPC/MDRI era are concerning. …

An Analysis of Loan Contraction and Debt Management: The Case of the Republic of Mauritius

Developing countries, especially in Africa must establish appropriate and dynamic legal frameworks and structures that are responsible for coordinating and managing public debt. All public loan contraction and debt management rules and regulations m…

Mauritius a Small Island Developing State (SIDS) with Prudent Public Debt Management Trends

Developing countries, especially in Africa must establish appropriate and dynamic legal frameworks and structures that are responsible for coordinating and managing public debt. All public loan contraction and debt management rules and regulations m…

Domestic Debt Management in Africa: The Case of Kenya

"The report analyses the linkages between domestic debt and economic development with regards to the use of domestic debt in the economy. It unpacks the legal framework and institutional structure for domestic debt contraction. It also provides an a…

Borrowing Charter: Principles and Guidelines on Sovereign Financial Borrowing for Sub-Sahara African countries

"This borrowing charter contains principles and guidelines on sovereign financial borrowing. It seeks to guide and inform sovereign states borrowing so as to improve the current weak administrative, institutional and legal procedures for loan contra…

Budget Discipline Should Be Entrenched In Ghana As A Policy Priority

"Perennial fiscal deficit overruns in Ghana and their adverse effects on the economy have attracted widespread concern. Motivated by this concern, IEA carried out research to assess the processes, arrangements and the legal framework for budget prep…

Drivers of Economic Growth in Africa: Opportunities, Financing and Capacity Issues

Africa’s economic, social, and political history largely determines its current economic development. The externally imposed structural adjustment programs and reform initiatives of the 1980s and 1990s failed to promote productivity, employment, a…

A Cautionary Tale of Zambia’s International Sovereign Bond Issuances

"In recent years, Zambia has been faced with the increased need to plug huge infrastructural gaps. However, the slowing down of bilateral and multilateral financing due to austerity measures in developed economies has made the country diversify it…

Fiscal Policy and Public Debt Sustainability in Uganda

The level of Uganda’s public debt has created doubts regarding the government’s sustained ability to repay. This is because of both the rapidly increasing debt accumulation as well as share of interest payments in the national budget. The brief exam…

Bond Issuance and the Current Debt Levels in Sub Saharan Africa

After the global financial and economic crisis of 2008, there has been a substantial increase in sovereign bond issuance in Sub Saharan Africa. The total value of bonds issued increased by over 620% from $1 billion in 2011 to $6.2 billion in 2014.…

An Analysis of Debt Governance and Domestic Resource Mobilization (DRM): The Case of South Sudan

Prudent debt management has critical linkages to the development processes of any country. It reduces the financial risk the government faces, lowers the economy’s vulnerability to financial shocks, strengthens market infrastructure and institutions…

COVID-19 - Debt Sustainability Impacts and Economic Rescue Packages Analyses in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Region

This paper revealed numerous debt sustainability challenges emanating from COVID-19 pandemic. While SADC member countries have put in place various stimulus packages to respond to the pandemic, this will exacerbate the already precarious debt situat…

Assessment of National Financing and Investment Policies in the ECOWAS Member Countries with Regard to the ECOWAS Regional Financing and Investment Protocol

Regional integration has been at the helm of the African Union (AU)’s development approach since 1980 when this was enshrined in the Lagos plan of Action, with a view to integrating the Continent into a pan-African political unity and industrializat…

Nexus between Tax, Public Debt and Inequality in the Southern African Development Community in SADC

Inequality in SADC countries has remained high, with countries such as South Africa having extreme inequality compared to regional and global averages. Precisely, the SADC region is considered most unequal with countries such as Namibia, Comoros, So…

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