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Beyond the 'War on Terror' A Study of Criminal Justice Responses to Terrorism in the Maghreb

"This study, although preliminary and exploratory in nature, considers the criminal justice measures taken by the governments of Algeria,Morocco and Tunisia to meet their international counter-terrorism obligations. These Maghreb countries have more…

Terrorism in the Maghreb The Transnationalisation of Domestic Terrorism

"This monograph will attempt to place the threat and implication of the name change announcement of the Salafist Group for Combat and Preaching (GSPC)to al-Qa’eda in the Land of the Islamic Maghreb (AQLIM) in context, with the primary focus on even…

Building States While Fighting Terror: Contradictions in US Strategy in Somalia from 2001 to 2007

"This report suggests that US policy in Somalia since 2001 represents many strong trends in US security thinking.For instance, there has been a revived emphasis on state stability and, conversely,a problematisation of state weakness as a threat. US …

Preventing Extremism in West and Central Africa: Lessons from Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Niger and Nigeria

Efforts to prevent and counter violent extremism have emerged rapidly onto the global stage and attracted substantial financial investment. This study investigated selected projects to understand their objectives, target groups, activities, theori…

Inter-Security Agency Rivalry as an Impediment to National Counter Terrorism Strategy (NACTEST)

The emergence of Boko Haram as a terrorist group in Nigeria considerably changed the country’s security milieu. From a quiet religious group in the early 2000s, the group had risen in 2015 to become the deadliest terrorist group. As a security chal…

Counter-Terrorism, Human Rights and the Rule of Law in West Africa

International law and global policy place counter-terrorism firmly within a rule of law and human rights framework. By focussing on securitised responses to terrorism, countries in West Africa risk undermining the rule of law, compromising human rig…

Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism in Somalia: A Mapping Report

Somalia’s perennial, multifaceted, continuous conflicts and recurring political instability, orchestrated mainly by the Al-Shabaab insurgency, but largely influenced by the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), have resulted in a deterioration of …

The Threat of Kenyan Al Shabab Recruits and Returnees: Emphasizing the Soft Approach to Managing 'Home-grown Terror'

This brief explores the question of radicalization, recruitment, and involvement of Kenyan youth in al Shabab’s terror. It examines motivations behind these trends and pathways to recruitment of Kenyan youth by foreign terrorist groups. To stop home…

Youth Radicalization in Somalia: Causes, Consequences and Potential Solutions

Radicalisation is undermining Somalia’s peace, stability and development prospects. Religious extremism in the country has also become a security concern for the region and the world. Young, uneducated Somalis and their well-educated diaspora peers …

The Changing Dynamics of Terrorism and Violent Extremism in Africa: Towards Effective Prevention and Counter-terrorism Strategies

The HORN Institute organized an international conference on terrorism and violent extremism on 24 – 26 April, 2018 in Nairobi (Kenya). The theme of the conference was The Changing Dynamics of Terrorism and Violent Extremism in Africa: Towards Effect…

The Changing Dynamics of Terrorism and Violent Extremism in Africa: Towards Effective Prevention and Counter-terrorism Strategies - Policy Brief

The HORN Institute organized an international conference on terrorism and violent extremism on April 24 – 26, 2018, in Nairobi (Kenya). The theme of the conference was The Changing Dynamics of Terrorism and Violent Extremism in Africa: Towards Effec…

Counter Terrorism and Security Strategies along the Kenya-Somalia Border

This policy brief analyses counterterrorism strategies along the Kenya-Somali border. Weak border infrastructure, porous borders, corruption, and uncontrolled borders pose a danger to the national security of Kenya. Somali based terror group al Shab…

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