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Police Corruption In Africa Undermines Trust, but Support for Law Enforcement Remains Strong

"According to the 2013 Global Corruption Report by Transparency International (TI), the police are perceived as the most corrupt institution in Africa. Of 36 countries worldwide where police are seen as the most corrupt institution, 20 are in Africa…

South Africa and the Pursuit of Inclusive Growth

"This first report focuses on South Africa. It begins with a brief history of South African democracy, describing how the core features of South Africa’s democratic system were established following the transition from apartheid. The report then …

Nigeria: The Challenge of Military Reform

Nigeria’s military, once among Africa’s strongest and a mainstay of regional peacekeeping, it has become a flawed force. The initially heavy-handed, slow response to the Islamist Boko Haram insurgency raised serious concerns, and its human rights re…

Democracy Works 2014 The Democratic Alternative from the South India, Brazil, and South Africa

In this report, the achievements of the past twenty-five years were examined, and it looked particularly at the progress made which is often not sufficiently acknowledged either within these countries or by outsiders. The problem of corruption is th…

State Capture and the Political Manipulation of Criminal Justice Agencies: A Joint Submission to the Judicial Commission of Inquiry into Allegations of State Capture

This joint submission from Corruption Watch and the Institute for Security Studies, two South African civil society organisations, is concerned with the manipulation of criminal justice agencies by the Executive under the administration of former pr…

Troubling Tax Trends: Fewer Africans Support Taxation, More Say People Avoid Paying

Taxation is a key fiscal tool for domestic resource mobilization for countries around the world. In many African countries, however, weak tax-administration systems limit the ways in which governments can finance their development agendas and provid…

Most Kenyans Seek - and Find - Justice Outside Formal Court system

Kenya’s Constitution calls for a justice system that is accessible, affordable, and comprehensible to ordinary people and that dispenses justice fairly, speedily, and without discrimination, fear, or favour. The Constitution lays down principles to …

ARP: Les Évaluations Citoyennes Avaient Déjà Tiré la Sonnette D’alarme en Tunisie / ARP: Citizens' Evaluations have already Sounded the Alarm in Tunisia

On Sunday 25 July, the President of the Tunisian Republic declared the suspension of the Assembly of People's Representatives (ARP), the resignation of the head of government and the lifting of parliamentary immunity. These measures follow the six-m…

Batswana say Traditional Leaders Strengthen Democracy - But Should Stay out of Politics

Botswana is the oldest multiparty democracy in sub-Saharan Africa, boasting 11 successful national elections since independence in 1966. The country’s Constitution provides for a parliamentary system with two chambers: Parliament, which makes laws, …

Violent Extremism in Africa: Popular Assessments from the 'Eastern Corridor'

Violent extremism poses a serious security threat to governments and peoples across the African continent. Over the past two decades, national insurgencies by terrorist groups have increasingly crossed borders, creating complex, intractable regional…

Oil or Nothing: Dealing with South Sudan's Bleeding Finances

South Sudan’s rulers keep a tight grip on its oil wealth, blocking outside scrutiny and obstructing reforms urgently needed to ease both popular hardships and political tensions. Along with International Monetary Fund support, a peace deal has kicks…

Local Government Councillors and MPs Falling Short of Zimbabweans' Expectations

Local government councillors and members of Parliament (MPs) are vital cogs in a representative democracy, acting as conveyor belts between citizens and government. As the lowest tier of government in Zimbabwe, urban and rural local authorities are …

Perceptions are Bad, Reality is Worse: Citizens Report Widespread Predation by African Police

Over the past two years, the #EndSARS movement in Nigeria and widely reported abuses by police enforcing pandemic restrictions have drawn renewed scrutiny to the behaviour of Africa’s security forces. Massive demonstrations against police brutality …

Les Gabonais Font Peu Confiance à la Police et à la Gendarmerie / Gabonese People have Little Confidence in the Police and Gendarmerie

In all states, the main role of the gendarmerie and the police is to ensure the security of people and property and to maintain public order. In order to do this, the officers assigned to security must build a relationship of trust with the populati…

Durable Solutions to Migration Challenges in East Africa and the Horn

Migration is a major issue in East Africa and the Horn. The complex governance challenges presented by mixed migration for both the sending and receiving states has pushed migration to the top of policy and academic debates. This report aims to info…

Enhancing Accountability and Transparency in Ghana’s Defence Sector

Defence and security sectors of both old and new democracies tend to have high risk of corruption due to excessive secrecy associated with their mode of operations. These challenges have wider implications and weakens the institutional capacity of t…

Malians, though Eager for Change from Failing State and Economy, still demand Democracy

After weeks of massive demonstrations demanding President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta’s resignation, thousands of jubilant Malians celebrated the military coup that removed him from office on 18 August. But some observers were left to wonder whether demo…

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