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Natural resources, the environment and conflict

"This report focus on Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Sudan. The study solicited views and perspectives on the role that natural resources and the environment can play in complex conflict situations. This report observed fi…

Building peace and democracy in Angola : Challenges and opportunities

"The Angola Country Program Lessons Identified Seminar (LIS) took place in Luanda, Angola,on 01 and 02 October 2008. The overall goal of the seminar was to create a forum for sharing of experiences, analysis, and reflections by various stakeholders …

Mediating peace in Africa: Securing conflict prevention : Strengthening the mediation and conflict prevention aspects of the African peace and security architecture

"Africa is entering a new era of conflict resolution and peacebuilding. The formulation of the AU in 2002 and the Peace and Security Council (PSC) in 2004 firmly established institutions dedicated to the promotion of peace, security and stability in…

US Response to African Crises : An Overview and Preliminary Analysis of the ACRI

"Africa does need assistance in the realm of conflict management and peace operations, and the ACRI is no doubt motivated by a well intentioned desire to do something about this. But Africans need to define the type of assistance they require very c…

Early Warning and Conflict in Africa

"This paper has focused on a number of challenges that could be confronted in the project to establish an OAU Early Warning system for the prevention and management of conflict situations. It has also indicated that it is an idea with specific relev…

SADC Barometer Issue 4, January 2004

The main focus of this issue is the role of civil society in the European Union and conflict management in Africa and the elections in SADC region. Other articles include Zimbabwe’s resignation from the Commonwealth, the support of the private secto…

No More 'Grass Grown by the Spear': Addressing Land-based Conflicts in Somaliland

Land ownership and access to land are the most frequent source of violent conflicts in contemporary Somaliland, especially in pastoral and agro-pastoral communities, which form the backbone of Somaliland’s domestic economy. The collapse of Somalia’…

Urban Land and the Genesis of Violence

The question of land has been a burning issue in the history of South Africa. Under colonialism and apartheid, various laws and policies were used to dispossess and force black people from their ancestral land. Since the democratic transition in 19…

Southern African Anchor State: A Renewed Strategic Commitment to South African Conflict Management as a Central function of Smart Power

This paper considers the potential future role of South Africa as an anchor state in Africa, whose legitimacy and credibility – in spite of domestic constraints – is underwritten by a strategic commitment to maintaining regional peace and security. …

Generating Sustainable Livelihoods and Leadership for Peace in South Sudan: Lessons from the Ground

In the context of South Sudan, as may be the case with other conflict and fragile communities, the nexus – in terms of causal relationship – between conflict and livelihoods is outstanding. The common denominator of the current conflict in South S…

South Africa’s Support to Peace and Security in Burundi

South African support to Burundi’s stability has been extensive. This report gives an overview of bilateral engagements between the two countries. It outlines opportunities for South African stakeholders to take a more robust, comprehensive and coor…

South Sudan Power Sharing Agreement and Intricate Realities: Conceptual and Critical Reflections

Power sharing agreements has been a tool for peace-making in Africa for many years. In recent times, such settlements ended the post-election violence in Kenya (2007/2008) and Zimbabwe (2008/2009). This article will examine the theoretical underpinn…

Managing Trafficking in Northern Niger

This report examines the risks in this approach but also the dangers in adopting the harder line that some Western governments are pushing for. It focuses on the most lucrative illicit businesses, in migrants, gold and illegal drugs. Research was ca…

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