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No More 'Grass Grown by the Spear': Addressing Land-based Conflicts in Somaliland

Land ownership and access to land are the most frequent source of violent conflicts in contemporary Somaliland, especially in pastoral and agro-pastoral communities, which form the backbone of Somaliland’s domestic economy. The collapse of Somalia’…

Urban Land and the Genesis of Violence

The question of land has been a burning issue in the history of South Africa. Under colonialism and apartheid, various laws and policies were used to dispossess and force black people from their ancestral land. Since the democratic transition in 19…

Southern African Anchor State: A Renewed Strategic Commitment to South African Conflict Management as a Central function of Smart Power

This paper considers the potential future role of South Africa as an anchor state in Africa, whose legitimacy and credibility – in spite of domestic constraints – is underwritten by a strategic commitment to maintaining regional peace and security. …

Generating Sustainable Livelihoods and Leadership for Peace in South Sudan: Lessons from the Ground

In the context of South Sudan, as may be the case with other conflict and fragile communities, the nexus – in terms of causal relationship – between conflict and livelihoods is outstanding. The common denominator of the current conflict in South S…

Managing Conflict Over Natural Resources in Greater Kordofan, Sudan: Some Recurrent Patterns and Governance Implications

"Despite the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement, which brought to an end 20 years of civil war in the Sudan, this country continues to experience smaller-scale conflicts, particularly around access to and control of natural resources. Some observers…

Dangers of splitting a fragile rentier state: Getting it right in Southern Sudan

"The anticipated January 2011 independence referendum in Southern Sudan with its possibility of inaugurating a new state in Africa has engaged and excited local, regional and international attention in recent time. It is not surprising that most co…

Namibia elections and conflict management

"In November 2004, Namibia conducted its third generation of elections at the presidential, parliamentary and regional levels, since it became independent from apartheid South Africa in 1990. After fourteen years of independence, Namibia has establ…

Natural resources, the environment and conflict

"This report focus on Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Sudan. The study solicited views and perspectives on the role that natural resources and the environment can play in complex conflict situations. This report observed fi…

Building peace and democracy in Angola : Challenges and opportunities

"The Angola Country Program Lessons Identified Seminar (LIS) took place in Luanda, Angola,on 01 and 02 October 2008. The overall goal of the seminar was to create a forum for sharing of experiences, analysis, and reflections by various stakeholders …

Mediating peace in Africa: Securing conflict prevention : Strengthening the mediation and conflict prevention aspects of the African peace and security architecture

"Africa is entering a new era of conflict resolution and peacebuilding. The formulation of the AU in 2002 and the Peace and Security Council (PSC) in 2004 firmly established institutions dedicated to the promotion of peace, security and stability in…

Natural Resources Conflict Management Processes and Strategies in Africa

"This paper treats natural resources conflicts as an intrinsic part of larger social conflicts and seeks to provide a link between natural resources and social conflicts, situate the debate within the nexus between natural resources managemen…

Exploring alternative approaches for managing electoral injustice in Africa: The case of breast protests in Nigeria and the sex strike in Kenya

"This study deals with three main issues. The first is the role of traditional and urban women’s movements in managing the protracted electoral crises in Nigeria and Kenya. The second is the impact of customary and orthodox repercussions of the pu…

The OAU and peacekeeping

This international update concerns the renewal of the OAU. Since achieving its primary objective - democratisation in South Africa - the organisation has searched for a new vision and did so successfully by adopting the objectives of economic integr…

US Response to African Crises : An Overview and Preliminary Analysis of the ACRI

"Africa does need assistance in the realm of conflict management and peace operations, and the ACRI is no doubt motivated by a well intentioned desire to do something about this. But Africans need to define the type of assistance they require very c…

Early Warning and Conflict in Africa

"This paper has focused on a number of challenges that could be confronted in the project to establish an OAU Early Warning system for the prevention and management of conflict situations. It has also indicated that it is an idea with specific relev…

SADC Barometer Issue 4, January 2004

The main focus of this issue is the role of civil society in the European Union and conflict management in Africa and the elections in SADC region. Other articles include Zimbabwe’s resignation from the Commonwealth, the support of the private secto…

Lesotho's 2007 General Elections Towards a Constructive Management of Post-Election Disputes

"The primary goals of the conference were to contribute to the ongoing dialogue on the causes of and sustainable solutions to post-election disputes in Lesotho following its 2007 poll. To provide a regional forum on strategies and methodologies for …

Democratic Consolidation in SADC Botswana's 2004 Elections

"The study of the 2004 general elections in Botswana was aimed at analyzing the process of democratic consolidation in Africa's longest surviving and stable political system. In this respect, the attention falls on six areas : the impact of the elec…

Election Update 2004 South Africa No 6

"This election update comprises several articles, written by several authors. Chris Landsberg wrote about the 2004 Election Campaign. Tito Pitso wrote about the Management of election-related conflicts. Sydney Letsholo discussed political violence,…

Election Update 2006 South Africa No 1

Several authors have contributed towards this paper. The proceeding of the elections in each province were discussed. The subjects covered in the articles were mainly : Preparedness of the Election Management Body, Preparedness of Civil Society Orga…

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