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Addressing the Use of Private Security and Military Companies at the International Level

"The aim of this paper is firstly, to contribute to the scholarly debate regarding the use of PMSCs in conflict and post - conflict situations. Secondly, to comment on the current Draft International Convention on the Regulation, Oversight and Mo...

Political Development of Somaliland and its Conflict with Puntland

"Through successive clan conferences, Somaliland established relatively viable institutions which paved the path for reconstruction of an entity mainly employing local resources. Somaliland has thus been depicted as ‘an oasis of stability in an o...

The Somalia Conflict Implications for peacemaking and peacekeeping efforts

"The conflict in Sudan is not a sudden and inexplicable eruption, but rather a result of the interplay of a multiple of historical, social and political processes that has shaped the political and socio-economic structure of Somalia. To adequately...

Somalia: the Intervention Dilemma

"This Policy Brief examines the apparent urgency to increase AMISOM force levels. It interrogates the AU’s interventionist strategy in Somalia, including the planned troop surge, analyses the terrorist dimension of the bombings, drawing parallels...

The Soviet Union and Southern Africa

This document discusses the involvement of the Soviet Union in southern Africa, giving the historical background of Soviet African policies, describing the basic Soviet approach since the end of the 1960s, and its interventionist policies from 197...

The Burundi Peace Process From Civil War to Conditional Peace

"This monograph will focus on the role played by peacekeeping missions in the Burundian peace process to ensure that agreements signed by parties to the conflict were adhered to and implemented. The deployment of peacekeeping missions went full ci...

Western Sahara: Understanding the Roots of the Conflict and Suggesting a Way Out

"This Situation Report is based on the proceedings of a roundtable seminar. Written papers were submitted which was based on the verbal interventions, organised around three main themes. The contributions were published without any changes. There ...

Western Sahara Is There Light at the End of the Tunnel?

"Since the Spanish colonial administration withdrew from Western Sahara in February 1976 and Morocco moved in to occupy the territory, the conflict that ensued between Rabat and the Polisario Front, backed by Algeria, has proven very divisive in t...

Contested domains: National identity and conflict in Russia and South Africa

This document discusses the differences and similarities between nationalistic concepts in Russia and South Africa. The author mentions F. Van Zyl Slabbert classification of South African ideologies and draws comparisons between the nationalities ...

Gender, Peace and Peacekeeping Lessons from Southern Africa

"This paper alludes to the tensions between achieving gender equality (as a requirement for a just peace) and the maintenance of indigenous culture and religious traditions. The primary focus, however, is the teasing out of transformation opportun...

The burden of democracy

This document describes democracy as being burdened with problems which it cannot necessarily solve, and explores this theme in the South African context. The current wave of democratisation is more global, more thorough in its regional impact, an...

Report from a High-Level Symposium on Enhancing Capacities to Protect Civilians and Build Sustainable Peace in Africa

"The report proposed a reconceptualisation of sovereignty – as a responsibility rather than only a right. It asserted that “sovereign states" have the primary responsibility for the protection of their people from avoidable catastrophe – from mass...

SAIIA Newsletter vol. 8, no. 2, 1976

This newsletter contains five articles and one brief report: D. P. de Villiers’ article takes stock of recent developments in southern Africa. After the Lisbon coup, there was a realisation among the African states that escalating violence in S...

The Angolan Conflict Internal and International aspects

This article describes internal and international aspects of the conflict in Angola. It starts with an overview of the country and its people, and Portugal’s role in its history, then looks at the various nationalist movements – the MPLA, UPA, and...

Insecurity in South Sudan:A Threat to the IGAD Peace Process

"In summing up, many of the issues raised here – bringing other parties into the peace process, the creation of a transitional national government that has the confidence of the Sudanese people, and the need for greater accountability of the instr...

Angola: Getting riper for peace?

"Successful conflict mediation teaches that three conditions are necessary for political negotiations to produce long-term results: first, external consensus and pressure for the parties to compromise. Second, the establishment of common ground i...

Containing conflict in the Congo

The current conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is a political labyrinth, obstructive and chaotic. The update addresses the conflict in 1960 as well as the 1999 conflict with the Congolese government claiming that external invasions ...

Marching on together? SA and the Northern Ireland peace process

"Comparisons between conflict and peace in South Africa and Northern Ireland—although reinforced by a number of important links—are often misplaced. For one, the conflict in its current form in Northern Ireland is likely to be more protracted th...

Angola: Jaw-Jaw or War-War?

"Three questions currently stand out over Angola: First, what is the military situation? Second, what are the possible options for both UNITA and the government MPLA? Third, what can be done to make a political solution more likely? Regional and i...

Guerillas in their Midst: Shifting Alliances in the DRC

"A reshuffling of alliances on both sides of the conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo(DRC), has created confusion as to who's who in the ten-month imbroglio and has added to the complexity of finding a peaceful solution. There has, in rece...

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