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South-South Cooperation and Peacebuilding: Turkey's Involvement in Somalia

Turkey has become one of Somalia’s most important partners, providing humanitarian and development aid, military training and private investment. Its novel approach has strengthened the fledgling Somali Federal Government (SFG) at a critical mo...

Cross-Border Trade, Insecurity and the Role of Customs: Some Lessons from Six Field Studies in (Post-)Conflict Regions

Africa, and especially the Sahel, has experienced frequent recurrences of armed conflicts and terrorist acts in the last decade. This paper is based on six field studies, in Chad, Mali, Sudan, Tunisia, Libya and the Central African Republic. It re...

Alternatives for Conflict Transformation in Somalia A Snapshot and Analysis of Key Political Actors' Views and Strategies

This project to explore Alternatives for Conflict Transformation in Somalia (ACTS) was conceived to address the distorting effect of the counterterrorism discourse. A key finding of the research for ACTS is that Somalia – particularly south-centra...

More than a Chip off the Block Strengthening IGAD–AU Peacebuilding Linkages

Regional economic communities are, in principal, an integral part of the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA), as demonstrated by the APSA Roadmap 2016–2020, and a vital element in larger global peacebuilding structures and processes. H...

Other Facets no 25

‘Land Grabbing and Land Reform: Diamonds, Rubber and Forests in the New Liberia’ spells out the huge challenges facing the new government of Liberia following a decade and a half of brutal civil war, war fuelled mainly by looted natural resources....

Other Facets no 23

In ‘Zimbabwe diamond rush turns poisonous: Accusations lead to nationalization plan’ a diamond rush in the remote region of Marange in eastern Zimbabwe became the subject of a series of angry exchanges between the government and its critics begin...

What's Urdu for Biltong? Can South Africa Help Pakistan?

"Following its democratic turn in 1994, Nelson Mandela wrote the year previously, the second pillar of South African foreign policy would be the principle ‘that just and lasting solutions to the problems of humankind can only come through the prom...

The Chinese Stance on the Darfur Conflict

"China’s role in Sudan is one of the most closely watched and, in many circles, controversial relationships on the continent. This paper provides a Sudanese perspective and argues that, far from profiting from its close ties with Khartoum, the Chi...

Somalia - the dark side of humanity

This brief report describes the conflict in Somalia, which originates in the fact that General Mohammed Farah Aidid do not recognise Ali Mahdi as the interim president, leading to armed conflict. During the Cold War, the US and the USSR viewed Som...

Islam in Africa

"There are not many ideological options in Africa and I consider the chances for Islamic expansion in Africa to be as good as, if not better than, ever before. I have tried to present a brief sketch of the spread of Islam in Africa, its diversity ...

Western Sahara Is There Light at the End of the Tunnel?

"Since the Spanish colonial administration withdrew from Western Sahara in February 1976 and Morocco moved in to occupy the territory, the conflict that ensued between Rabat and the Polisario Front, backed by Algeria, has proven very divisive in t...

Contested domains: National identity and conflict in Russia and South Africa

This document discusses the differences and similarities between nationalistic concepts in Russia and South Africa. The author mentions F. Van Zyl Slabbert classification of South African ideologies and draws comparisons between the nationalities ...

Gender, Peace and Peacekeeping Lessons from Southern Africa

"This paper alludes to the tensions between achieving gender equality (as a requirement for a just peace) and the maintenance of indigenous culture and religious traditions. The primary focus, however, is the teasing out of transformation opportun...

Decentralisation, Development and Conflict: Challenges Awaiting Local Authorities in Lesotho

"This paper looks at decentralisation policy in the context of Lesotho and the challenges that await local authorities. It should be pointed out that the paper recognizes the fact that there are different forms of decentralisation, namely; deconce...

Somalia: the Intervention Dilemma

"This Policy Brief examines the apparent urgency to increase AMISOM force levels. It interrogates the AU’s interventionist strategy in Somalia, including the planned troop surge, analyses the terrorist dimension of the bombings, drawing parallels...

The Soviet Union and Southern Africa

This document discusses the involvement of the Soviet Union in southern Africa, giving the historical background of Soviet African policies, describing the basic Soviet approach since the end of the 1960s, and its interventionist policies from 197...

Western Sahara: Understanding the Roots of the Conflict and Suggesting a Way Out

"This Situation Report is based on the proceedings of a roundtable seminar. Written papers were submitted which was based on the verbal interventions, organised around three main themes. The contributions were published without any changes. There ...

The Burundi Peace Process From Civil War to Conditional Peace

"This monograph will focus on the role played by peacekeeping missions in the Burundian peace process to ensure that agreements signed by parties to the conflict were adhered to and implemented. The deployment of peacekeeping missions went full ci...

Conflict in the DRC: a critical assessment of the Lusaka ceasefire agreement

"This report provides a brief background to the conflict in the DRC as it erupted in 1998. It also briefly examines the pre-negotiation stages, which ultimately led to the Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement. The Agreement itself is assessed in terms of it...

Angola: Elusive peace?

This report considers the prospect of peace in Angola after 16 years of civil war. International mediation, especially by the United States and the Soviet Union, will hopefully overcome the remaining obstacles and culminate in a permanent cease-fi...

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