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The Impact of People-centred Approaches to Natural Resource Management on Poverty Reduction

"Community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) is often promoted by governments, NGOs and donors as a means of reducing poverty in rural communities, particularly through income-generation from various natural resource-based activities. CBNR...

Challenges and Prospects for Trans-boundary Fisheries in Lakes Chiuta and Kariba

"This brief set out to highlight the challenges and prospects for involvement of resource-users around trans-boundary fisheries. Whilst the countries involved have instituted CBNRM initiatives and are implementing TBNRM programmes, the actual con...

Community Conservancies in Namibia: An Effective Institutional Model for Commons Management?

"Common property resources (CPRs) remain of great significance for livelihoods among rural and poor communities of the world. CPRs are particularly important because in many contexts they remain resources of last resort since they provide grazing...

Rangeland Tenure and Pastoral Development in Botswana: Is there a Future for Community-Based Management?

"Botswana has a long history of attempts to ‘rationalise’ land tenure so as to improve livestock production, which remains a mainstay for the rural economy. This paper addresses the profound transformations in land tenure systems that have been pr...

Natural Resource Management and Land Reform in Southern Africa

"The paper begins with a discussion of environmental degradation discourses in southern Africa and how they influence policy processes. The first section highlights the link between environmental degradation and poverty. This is followed by an ove...

Exclusion through Defined Membership in People-Centred Natural Resources Management: Who defines?

"This paper investigates how community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) has determined membership to rights over forestry and wildlife resources in Botswana, Namibia and Zimbabwe. The legal frameworks in these countries emphasise geograp...

Contested Fishing Grounds: Examining the Possibility of a Transboundary Management Regime in the Lake Kariba Fishery

"Community-based natural resources management (CBNRM) programmes in the southern African region emerged as a reaction to colonial ‘fortress’ conservation policies that criminalised and marginalised local people, preventing their use of natural res...

Challenges of Co-Management on Shared Fishery Ecosystems: The Case of Lake Chiuta

"There are frequent conflicts among fishing communities on Lake Chiuta mainly due to definitions of resource boundaries and membership, the limited empowerment of the user communities because of weak decentralised structures, and the application ...

CBNRM, Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Livelihoods: Developing Criteria for Evaluating the Contribution of CBNRM to Poverty Reduction and Alleviation in Southern Africa

"This research paper explores the relationships between community-based natural resource management (CBNRM), poverty reduction/alleviation and rural livelihoods. The objectives of this paper are as follows: • to explore the current understanding...

Integrated Community- and Ecosystem-based Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation

Global climate change is an unprecedented threat in human history; one that will unfold over a long timescale, unevenly, in a non-linear fashion,and unpredictably. In response there is increasing focus on programming and policies that promote tran...

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