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Climate Change and Developing Countries

"This article takes stock of current knowledge of climate change and the response to this major problem affecting the environment and economic development. It begins with a brief review of climate change science and impacts as assessed by the Int...

Methods for Quantifying the Benefits of Sustainable Development Policies and Measures (SD-PAMs)

"Sustainable development policies and measures (SD-PAMs) are an approach to stimulating action on climate change mitigation in developing countries. Instead of starting from explicit climate targets, the approach deliberately sets out to start fr...

Technology Learning for Renewable Energy : Implications for South Africa’s Long-Term Mitigation Scenarios

"Technology learning can make a significant difference to renewable energy as a mitigation option in South Africa’s electricity sector. This article considers scenarios implemented in a Markal energy model used for mitigation analysis. It outlines...

Changing Development Paths: From an Energy-Intensive to Low-Carbon Economy in South Africa

"Climate change mitigation poses significant challenges for South Africa and its energy development, historically highly energy intensive. At the same time, the country faces a host of daunting development challenges, exacerbated by the legacy of...

Analysis of the Economic Implications of a Carbon Tax

"Why might South Africa consider a carbon tax? The purpose would be to reduce greenhouse gas(GHG)emissions. A carbon tax would achieve this through two broad effects – a demand effect, reducing energy demand due to higher prices, and a substituti...

Carbon Capture and Storage in South Africa

"South Africa, a developing country with an energy economy dominated by coal, has potential for carbon capture and storage (CCS). Given its strong commitment to sustainable development, the country may want tounderstand the implications of this cl...

Putting a Price on Carbon : Economic Instruments to Mitigate Climate Change in South Africa and Other Developing Countries

"The papers in this proceedings address a variety of themes in this area: emissions trading, carbon taxes, fiscal and non-fiscal instruments, policy and institutional dimensions, and lessons from the Clean Development Mechanism. There has been e...

Analysis of the Economic Implications of a Carbon Tax

"Why might South Africa consider a carbon tax? The purpose would be to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. A carbon tax would achieve this through two broad effects – a demand effect, reducing energy demand due to higher prices, and a substitut...

Economics of Climate Change: Context and Concepts Related to Mitigation

"Climate change is increasingly seen as not only an environmental issue, but a deeply economic one. ‘Climate change presents a unique challenge for economics: it is the greatest and widest ranging market failure ever seen’. Markets are failing to ...

African Enfranchisement in Global Climate Change Negotiations

"African states are likely to be severely affected by climate change and have a major stake in the development of a fair, effective and accountable system of climate governance. Historically, delegations from Africa have faced challenges to parti...

MRV of Non GHG Aspects of Mitigation Actions: Developing an Approach in the South African Context

"Climate change mitigation actions compete with other developmental actions for scarce resources, however climate change mitigation and sustainable development should not be seen as mutually exclusive or competing objectives. Mitigation actions in...

MAPS Provocateur Briefing Report Forum on Development and Mitigation - Energy Security

This brief focus on one dimension of energy security namely access to affordable electricity or for that matter energy poverty. Energy security and climate change have similar impacts: suffering of the poor, community devastation, escalating socia...

Mitigation Potential in the Agriculture Sector The Case of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru and South Africa

Agriculture, which is a substantial source of greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions is also key to rural livelihoods and economic development in many developing countries in Africa and South America. This paper examines the socio-economic importance of...

Geneva was Quick – but How Deep Will Paris Go?

In this blog, the climate negotiation process and following agreements were briefly discussed. Ideas on key areas by all delegates/negotiators were put on the table – on mitigation, adaptation, finance, technology, capacity‐building and transpare...

Journal of Energy in Southern Africa Vol 26 No.2

The first article “Suppressed demand in the clean development mechanism: conceptual and practical issues” studies the challenges of the application of greenhouse gas emission accounting in poor communities. “Proposal for improved nuclear fuel util...

The Political Economy of Decarbonisation: Exploring the Dynamics of South Africa’s Electricity Sector

This paper presents an in-depth and historical analysis of the key features of South Africa’s electricity sector and the stakeholders and beneficiaries operating within it. An exploration of the sector’s structure and governance is included; the s...

Intended Nationally Determined Contributions as a Means to Strengthening Africa's Engagement in International Climate Negotiations

"Countries will meet in Paris to conclude the 2015 Global Climate Agreement (GCA). In a departure from previous attempts, such as the Kyoto Protocol, where climate targets were ‘prescribed’, countries will be submitting their self-determined clim...

Intended Nationally Determined Contributions as a Means to Strengthening Africa's Engagement in International Climate Negotiations

"Countries will be meeting in Paris, France in December 2015 to agree on a new global climate ‘protocol, another legal instrument or an agreed outcome with legal force’ to go into effect in the year 20201. This will be a culmination of negotiation...

The Road to Marrakech: Key Issues for COP22 / La Voie vers Marrakech : Quelles Priorités pour la COP22 ?

Climatic change became an increasingly integral part of our reality. Global warming - over the coming decades, will affect our socio-economic development, human health, food security and availability of water along with our ecosystems and wildlif...

The Developing Energy Landscape in South Africa: Technical Report

The global energy landscape has changed significantly in recent years and the transition to a decarbonised energy system is well underway. Transparent, flexible and integrated energy systems models are essential tools for providing credible evid...

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